Progressive Tax Definition and Examples
Progressive Tax can be defined as a taxpayer’s ability taxation system wherein the government or the authority imposes lower income tax on the person whose income falls in lower bracket and imposes higher income tax on the person whose income falls in higher bracket which means the tax progresses as the taxpayer’s income rises and hence it can be concluded that higher earners pay higher rate and low-income earners pay lower rate tax. In this article, we discuss the top 4 practical examples of a progressive tax.
Top 4 Practical Examples of Progressive Tax
Below are the top 4 practical examples of a progressive tax.
Progressive Tax Example #1
Mr. A is a salaried person and he has earned the following income during the year:
Now it is year-end and he wants to file a tax return and wants to know what his tax liability will be.
He has approached CPA and he is about to calculate his tax liability with following tax rates.
Based on the above information, you are required to calculate the tax liability of Mr. X
First of all, we need to calculate the total income of Mr. X.
Total Income = 12000 + 8400 + 6500 + 1200
Total Income = 28100
Now we shall calculate its tax liability. Up-to 9,525, 9% tax will be liable and then from 28,100 less 9,525 will be 11% which is 2,043.25.
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Total tax Liable = 857.25 + 2043.25
Total tax Liable = 2900.50
Thus, the total tax for the year will be 2,900.50.
Progressive Tax Example #2
John and Johny have been recently hired by Big MNC from their campus recruitment but however their income structure is different.
You are required to calculate net income in hand and tax payable by both at year-end assuming below tax rates. Also, state the reasons for tax differences.
First of all, we need to calculate the total income and then we shall calculate tax liability.
John’s Salary total income will be –
Total Income = 15000 + 5000 + 1000 + 17000
Total Income = 38000
Johny’s Salary total income will be –
Total Income = 24000 + 6000 + 500 + 25000
Total Income = 55500
Now we shall calculate its tax liability. Up-to 9,525, 9% tax will be liable and then from 28,100 less 9,525 will be 11% and then above 38,701 21% tax would be applicable.
John’s total tax will be –
Total Tax = 857.25 + 3132.25
Total Tax = 3989.50
Johny’s total tax will be –
Total Tax = 857.25 + 3209.25 + 3527.79
Total Tax = 7594.29
John’s Net Income will be –
Net Income = 38000 – 3989.50
Net Income = 34010.50
Johny’s Net Income will be –
Net Income = 55500 – 7594.29
Net Income = 47905.71
Net Income shall be 38000 – 3989.50 which equals 34,010.50 for John and for Johnny it would be 55,500 less 7,594.29 which shall equal to 47,905.71.
The reason for tax differences is because Johnny falls in 21% bracket and he is paying the higher tax due to higher income and it can be noted the tax progresses ith income progresses.
Progressive Tax Example #3
Kennedy has been living in the UK for around 10 years and his income has increased since then. He is earning £150,000 yearly now. Below are the tax rates of the UK.
Based on the above information, in this example of progressive tax, you are required to calculate the net income that Mr. Kennedy is earning currently.
The UK also follows the Progressive tax rate system and we shall calculate its tax liability by calculating 20% from 11,851 till 46,350 and then similarly from 46,351 till 150,000 the rate applicable will be 40%.
Total Tax Liable for Mr. Kennedy:
Total Tax Liable = 41460
Net income of Mr. Kennedy will be –
Total Tax Liable = 150000 – 41460
Total Tax Liable = 108540
Therefore, the Net income of Mr. Kennedy shall be 150,000 less 41,460 which equals 1,08,540.
Progressive Tax Example #4
Mr. Morgan has the following income details:
The government has exempted the dividend income from tax. Mr. Morgan has shifted from the US to the UK and he has hired a tax attorney, based on below tax rates, you are required to calculate his tax liability.
First of all, we need to calculate the total income.
Total Income = 45000 + 3000
Total Income = 48000
Total tax Liable will be –
Total tax Liable = 6900 + 660
Total tax Liable = 7560
The UK also follows a Progressive tax rate system and we shall calculate its tax liability by calculating 20% from 11,851 till 46,350 and then similarly from 46,351 till 150,000 the rate applicable will be 40%.
The total tax liability would be £7,560.
This has been a guide to progressive tax examples. Here we discuss the top 4 examples of progressive tax with calculation and explanation. You can learn more about Financing from the following articles –