VBA Tutorial

Excel VBA Tutorial for Beginners

If you are new to VBA and you don’t know anything about it, then this is the best tutorial for beginners to start off their journey in Excel VBA macrosVBA MacrosVBA Macros are the lines of code that instruct the excel to do specific tasks, i.e., once the code is written in Visual Basic Editor (VBE), the user can quickly execute the same task at any time in the workbook. It thus eliminates the repetitive, monotonous tasks and automates the process.read more. Ok, let’s start the journey of your VBA tutorials today.

VBA is Visual Basic for Applications is the Microsoft programming language for Microsoft products like Excel, Word, and PowerPoint. All the programming we wish to do will be done in the VBE (Visual Basic Editor). VBE is the platform to write our code of task to execute in excel.

VBA Tutorial

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What are the Macros in Excel?

A macro is nothing but a line of code to instruct the excel to do a specific task. Once the code is written in VBE, you can execute the same task at any time in the workbook.

The macro code can eliminate repetitive, boring tasks, and automate the process. To start off with the VBA Macro codingVBA Macro CodingVBA code refers to a set of instructions written by the user in the Visual Basic Applications programming language on a Visual Basic Editor (VBE) to perform a specific task.read more technique, let’s record the macro.

VBA coding is available under the DEVELOPER tab in excelDEVELOPER Tab In ExcelEnabling the developer tab in excel can help the user perform various functions for VBA, Macros and Add-ins like importing and exporting XML, designing forms, etc. This tab is disabled by default on excel; thus, the user needs to enable it first from the options menu.read more.

VBA Tutorial (Developer tab) 1

If you don’t see this developer tab in your excel, follow the below steps to enable the developer tab in excel.

Step 1: Go to FILE -> Under FILE, go to OPTIONS.
vba msg box
Step 2: Select Customize Ribbon

You will see the Excel Options window. Select Customize Ribbon in ExcelRibbon In ExcelRibbons in Excel 2016 are designed to help you easily locate the command you want to use. Ribbons are organized into logical groups called Tabs, each of which has its own set of functions.read more.

msgbox 1
Step 3:Check the box DEVELOPER to enable it.
msgbox 2
Step 4: Click on OK to enable it.

Now you should see the Developer tab.

vba msgbox 3

Tutorial to Record Macros in VBA Excel

In this tutorial about VBA, we will learn how to record macros in Excel with practical examples.

You can download this VBA Macro Tutorial Excel Template here – VBA Macro Tutorial Excel Template

Example #1

Ok, we will start straight away by recoding the Marco.

Step 1: Click on Record Macro

Under developer, tab clicks on Record Macro.

(Record Macro)
Step 2: Give Name to Macro

As soon as you click on the Record Macro, you will see excel asks you to give a name to your macro.

Tutorial (Record Macro) 1

Give a proper name to macro. The macro should not contain any space characters and special characters. You can give underscore (_) as the word separator.

VBA Tutorial (Record Macro) 2
Step 3: Click on OK to Start the Recording.

From now onwards, the macro recorder keeps recording all the activities you do in the excel sheet.

Firstly I will select cell A1.

VBA Tutorial (Select A1)

Now I will type “Welcome to VBA” in A1 cell.

VBA Tutorial (welcome to vba)
Step 4: Stop Recording

Now I will click on the stop recording option under the developer tab to stop the recording.

VBA Tutorial (Stop recording)

So, excel stops recording the activities we do in the excel. Now let’s see how excel recorded the activities.

Step 5: Open VBA Editor

Under the Developer, tab click on Visual Basic.

VBA Tutorial (Visual Basic)

As soon as you click on Visual basic, we will see below the window.

VBA Tutorial (Visual Basic) 1

Double Click on Modules.

VBA Tutorial (Modules)

Now we will see the code on the right-hand side. Macro code started with the word SUB.

All the macro has two parts to it one is Head, and another one is Tail. Every macro has a name.

VBA Tutorial (head & Tail)

In between the head and tail of the macro, excel recorded all the activities.

The first thing we did after start recording the macro is we have selected the cell A1 and excel recorded it as Range (“A1”). Select

The second activity was we have entered the value “Welcome to VBA.” As soon as we selected, then it becomes an active cell, so excel recorded the activity as ActiveCell.FormulaR1C1 = “Welcome to VBA.”

Note: R1C1 is row 1, column 1.

The third activity is after typing the word “Welcome to VBA,” we hit enter, and excel selected A2 cell. So excel recorded as the activity as Range (“A2”). Select

Like this, Macro Recorder recorded all the activities we have done in the excel sheet. Now delete the word in cell A1.

VBA Tutorial (Delete the word)

After deleting the word, once again, go to VBE where our code is.

Step 6: Run the Code

There click on the RUN button to once again enter the same text value to cell A1.

VBA Tutorial (run the code)
Note: Shortcut key to run the code is F5.

So macro is executed, and we got the same value again. Like this, we can automate our daily routine work to save a lot of time and get rid of boring tasks every day.

Example #2

Now let’s record one more macro to understand better. In this recording, we will insert serial numbers from A1 to A10.

Go to the DEVELOPER tab and click on the record macro option.

Example 2

Click on Ok to start the recording. I will enter 1, 2, 3. Then I will drag the fill handle to inert serial numbers.

Example 2-1

Now click on Stop Recording.

Stop recording

Go to Visual Basic Editor and see what the code is.

Example 2-2

Let’s look at the code now.

Firstly we have selected cell A1.

Code:

Range (“A1”).Select

Secondly, we have inserted 1 to the active cell.

Code:

ActiveCell.FormulaR1C1 = "1"

The third activity was we have selected the cell A2.

Code:

Range (“A2”).Select

The fourth activity was we have inserted 2 to the active cell.

Code:

ActiveCell.FormulaR1C1 = "2"

The fifth activity was we have selected the cell A3.

Code:

Range (“A3”).Select

The sixth activity as we have inserted 3 to the active cell.

Code:

ActiveCell.FormulaR1C1 = "3"

Then we have selected the range of cells from A1 to A3.

Code:

Range ("A1:A3").Select

After selecting the cells, we have filled the serial numbers using the fill handleUsing The Fill HandleThe fill handle in Excel allows you to avoid copying and pasting each value into cells and instead use patterns to fill out the information. This tiny cross is a versatile tool in the Excel suite that can be used for data entry, data transformation, and many other applications.read more.

Code:

Selection.AutoFill Destination:=Range("A1:A10"), Type:=xlFillDefault

So finally, we have selected the range A1 to A10.

Code:

Range ("A1:A10").Select

So, now whenever we want to insert serial numbers from 1 to 10 in cell A1 to A10, you can run this code.

How to Save Macro Workbook?

Excel workbook, which contains macro code, should be saved as Macro-Enabled Workbook. Click on Save As in excelSave As In ExcelSave as is located in the worksheet's file tab. It can be accessed from the quick access toolbar or by pressing F12 and choosing "save as," or CTRL + S, which opens the save as dialogue box to save the file.read more and select the extension of the file as “Macro-Enabled Workbook.”

VBA Tutorial Example 2-3

Things to Remember

  • This is just the introduction part of VBA. Keep following our blog to see more posts going forward.
  • Recording macro is the best initialization to start the journey of macros.
  • Record more and more activities and see what the code is.

Recommended Articles

This has been a guide to VBA Tutorial for beginners. Here we discuss steps to enable the developer tab and also learn how to record macros in Excel VBA along with practical examples. Below you can find some useful excel VBA articles –

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