VBA Named Range

Excel VBA Named Range

When we work with a large amount of data to avoid referring to a particular cell or cell ranges we usually create named ranges and it allows us to refer to the required cell range through the named range. In VBA to create name range we have Add Name Function.

We can select a cell or range of cells and give a name to it. After naming the cells, we can refer to those cells by entering those defined names instead of a usual row or column references.

You can download this VBA Named Range Excel Template here – VBA Named Range Excel Template

How to Create Named Ranges?

It is a walk in the park job to create named ranges. The first thing we need to do is to identify the cells we want to create name range in excelName Range In ExcelName range in Excel is a name given to a range for the future reference. To name a range, first select the range of data and then insert a table to the range, then put a name to the range from the name box on the left-hand side of the window.read more.

For example, look at the below image.

VBA Named Range Example 1

To arrive at the profit in B4 cell, I have applied the formula B2 – B3.

This is the common thing everybody does. But how about creating the Names and apply the formula something like “Sales” – “Cost.”

Place a cursor on the cell B2 > Go to Name boxName BoxIn Excel, the name box is located on the left side of the window and is used to give a name to a table or a cell. The name is usually the row character followed by the column number, such as cell A1.read more and call it as Sales.

VBA Named Range Example 1-1

Place a cursor on the B3 cell and call it Cost.

VBA Named Range Example 1-2

Now in the profit column, we can refer these names instead of cell references.

VBA Named Range Example 1-3

This is the basic thing about Named Ranges.

How to Create Named Ranges using VBA Code?

Example #1

Have you ever thought of creating a named range using VBA CodeVBA CodeVBA code refers to a set of instructions written by the user in the Visual Basic Applications programming language on a Visual Basic Editor (VBE) to perform a specific task.read more?

Follow the below steps to create a named range.

Step 1: Define the variable as “Range.”

Code:

Sub NamedRanges_Example()

  Dim Rng As Range

End Sub
VBA Named Range Example 2.png

Step 2: Now set the variable “Rng” to specific cells you wish to name.

Code:

Sub NamedRanges_Example()

  Dim Rng As Range

  Set Rng = Range("A2:A7")

End Sub
VBA Named Range Example 2-1.png

Step 3: Using the “ThisWorkbook” object access Names Property.

VBA Named Range Example 2-2

We have so many parameters with Names.Add method. Below are the explanations.

[Name]: Name is nothing, but what is the name we would like to give to the range we specify.

While naming the cell, it should not contain any special characters except the underscore (_) symbol, and it should not contain space characters as well. It should not start with numerical values.

[Refers to]: This is nothing but what is the range of cells we are referring to.

I think these two parameters are good enough to start off the proceedings.

Step 4: In the name, the argument enters the name you wish to give. I have named as “SalesNumbers.”

Code:

Sub NamedRanges_Example()

  Dim Rng As Range

  Set Rng = Range("A2:A7")

  ThisWorkbook.Names.Add Name:="SalesNumbers"

End Sub
VBA Named Range Example 2-3

Step 5: In refers to an argument, enter the range of cells we wish to create. In the name of the “Rng” variable, we have already assigned the range of cells as A2 to A7, so supply the argument as “Rng.”

Code:

Sub NamedRanges_Example()

  Dim Rng As Range

  Set Rng = Range("A2:A7")

  ThisWorkbook.Names.Add Name:="SalesNumbers", RefersTo:=Rng

End Sub
VBA Named Range Example 2-4

Ok, this code will create a named range for cells from A2 to A7.

Now in the worksheet, I have created some numbers from A2 to A7.

VBA Named Range Example 2-5

In the A8 cell, I want to have the total of the above cell numbers. Using the named range, we will create a SUM of these numbers.

Code:

Sub NamedRanges_Example()

  Dim Rng As Range

  Set Rng = Range("A2:A7")

  ThisWorkbook.Names.Add Name:="SalesNumbers", RefersTo:=Rng

    Range("A8").Value = WorksheetFunction.Sum(Range("SalesNumbers"))

End Sub
create name Example 2-6

If you run this code manually or by pressing the f5 key then, we will get the total of a named range in cell A8.

Create Name Example 2-7

This is the basic must-know facts about “Named Ranges.”

Example #2

In VBA using RANGE object, we can refer to the cells. Similarly, we can also refer to those cells by using named ranges as well.

For example, in the above example, we have named the cell B2 as “Sales” and B3 as “Cost.”

By using actual cell reference, we refer to those cells like this.

Code:

Sub NamedRanges()

 Range("B2").Select
 'This will select the B2 cell

 Range("B3").Select
 'This will select the B3 cell

End Sub
VBA NR Example 1-4

Since we already created these cells, we can refer to using those names like below.

Code:

Sub NamedRanges()

 Range("Sales").Select
 'This will select cell named as "Sales" i.e. B2 cell

 Range("Cost").Select
 'This will select cell named as "Cost" i.e. B3 cell

End Sub
VBA NR Example 1-5

Like this, using Named Ranges, we can make use of those cells. Using these names, we can calculate the profit amount in cell B4. For this first name, the cell B4 as Profit.

VBA NR Example 1-6

Now in the VBA editorThe VBA EditorThe Visual Basic for Applications Editor is a scripting interface. These scripts are primarily responsible for the creation and execution of macros in Microsoft software.read more, apply this code.

Code:

Sub NamedRanges_Example1()

    Range("Profit").Value = Range("Sales") - Range("Cost")

End Sub
VBA NR Example 1-7

This will calculate the profit amount in the cell named “Profit.”

VBA NR Example 1-8

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This has been a guide to VBA Named Range. Here we discuss how to create and use VBA named ranges to select cell or range of cells in excel along with practical examples and a downloadable template. Below you can find some useful excel VBA articles –

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