Financial Statement Analysis
- Turnover Ratios
- Inventory Turnover Ratio
- Inventory Ratio
- Accounts Receivable Turnover
- Accounts Receivables Turnover Ratio
- Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio
- Days Inventory Outstanding
- Days in Inventory
- Days Sales Outstanding
- Days Sales Uncollected
- Average Collection Period
- Days Payable Outstanding
- Cash Conversion Cycle
- Cash Conversion Cycle (CCC) Formula
- Activity Ratios
- Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio Formula
- Debtor Days Formula
- Working Capital Turnover Ratio
- Ratio Analysis (17+)
- Liquidity Ratios (29+)
- Profitability Ratios (66+)
- Efficiency Ratios (7+)
- Dividend Ratios (9+)
- Debt Ratios (26+)
Days in Inventory Formula
Days in inventory formula tells you how many days it takes for a firm to convert its inventory into sales.
Let’s have a look at the formula given below.
As you can see that we need to know the inventory turnover ratio before days in inventory calculation; here’s the formula of inventory turnover –
Now, the cost of goods sold can also be divided by the average inventory (that is the average of the beginning and the ending inventory) to find out the inventory turnover ratio.
Days in Inventory Formula Example
Let’s take a practical example for days in inventory calculation by using a formula for Days in Inventory.
Niti wants to know the inventory days of Company Him. Here are a few details she gathered –
- The beginning and the ending inventories of the year are – $40,000 and $60,000 respectively.
- The cost of goods sold is $300,000.
- The year consists of 365 days.
Find out the Days in Inventory for Niti.
Here, first, we need to calculate the average inventory.
We know the beginning and the ending inventory of the year. We will use a simple average to find out the average inventory of the year.
- Average inventory of the year = (The beginning inventory + The ending inventory) / 2
- Or, Average inventory of the year = ($40,000 + $60,000) / 2 = $100,000 / 2 = $50,000.
Now, we will find out the inventory turnover ratio.
- Inventory turnover ratio = Cost of Goods Sold / Average Inventory = $300,000 / $50,000 = 6 times.
- Therefore, the inventory days would be = 365 / 6 = 61 days (approx.)
Explanation of Days in Inventory Formula
It is used to see how many days the firm takes to transform inventories into finished stocks.
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Since a major part of “days in inventory formula” includes the inventory turnover ratio, we need to understand the inventory turnover ratio to comprehend the meaning inventory days formula.
Inventory turnover ratio helps us understand the efficiency of the company to handle the inventories. It shows how good the company is to reduce overspending on inventory and also how well a company can convert the inventory into finish stocks.
For example, if a firm’s inventory turnover ratio is 10, then it means that the firm turns inventory into finished stock 10 times in a year.
And here comes the value of inventory days formula.
If we consider that there are 365 days in a year, we can see the days it takes for the firm to transform inventories into finished stocks. All we need to do is to divide the number of days in a year by the inventory turnover ratio.
Extending the above example, we get = (365 days / 10 times) = 36.5 days in inventory to transform the inventory into finished stocks.
We can derive the formula for Days in Inventory by including the number of days of the year with the inventory turnover ratio.
If you ever want to know about the efficiency of inventory management of a firm, you should look at both – inventory turnover ratio and inventory days.
By trying to find out the inventory days, you would be able to calculate both of the above ratios.
By using the formula for days in inventory, you will get to know how much time a firm takes to manage and transform its inventory.
Days in Inventory Calculator
You can use the following Days in Inventory Calculator
|Days in Inventory Formula =||
Days in Inventory in Excel (with excel template)
Let us now do the same example above in Excel.
This is very simple. First, you need to find out the average inventory of the year. And then you will find out the inventory turnover ratio.
You can easily find the days in inventory calculation in the template provided.
First, we need to calculate the average inventory.
Here We will use the simple average to find out the average inventory of the year.
Now, we will find out the inventory turnover ratio
Below is the formula to calculate Inventory Turnover Ratio
Now, we will find out the Days in Inventory for Niti by using the formula.
You can download this Days in Inventory Template here – Days in Inventory Excel Template
This has been a guide to Days in Inventory Formula, practical examples and Days in Inventory calculator along with excel templates. You may also have a look at these articles below to learn more about Financial Analysis –