Dividend Declared

What is Dividend Declared?

Dividend declared is that portion of profits earned by the company that the company’s board of directors decides to pay off as dividends to the shareholders of such company in return to the investment done by the shareholders through the purchase of company’s securities and such declaration of dividend creates a liability in the books of the concerned company.

In simple words, Dividends declared is the event where the company makes the declaration regarding payment of part of its earnings as a dividend to its shareholders. Such declaration leads to the creation of a liability account in the balance sheet of the company, for the associated payments, until the payment of the dividend is made. The value of such a liability accountLiability AccountLiability is a financial obligation as a result of any past event which is a legal binding. Settling of a liability requires an outflow of an economic resource mostly money, and these are shown in the balance of the company.read more depends on the amount declared by the board of directors authorized by shareholders.

Dividend Declared

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Difference Between Dividend Declared and Dividend Paid

  • When the board of directors issues a declaration regarding dividend distribution, it is called dividend declared. The accounting effect of the dividend is retained earnings balance of the company is reduced, and a temporary liability account of the same amount is created called “dividends payable.”
  • Dividend paid is the event when the dividends hit the investor’s account. When the dividends are paid, the “dividends payable” liability account is removed from the company’s balance sheet, and the cash account of the company is debited for a similar amount.

Journal Entries

On December 20, 2018, a company, XYZ Limited’s board of directors, announced that a cash dividend amounting to $ 4.5 per share would be paid to the shareholders of the companyShareholders Of The CompanyA shareholder is an individual or an institution that owns one or more shares of stock in a public or a private corporation and, therefore, are the legal owners of the company. The ownership percentage depends on the number of shares they hold against the company's total shares.read more. The actual payment of cash dividendsCash DividendsCash dividend is that portion of profit which is declared by the board of directors to be paid as dividends to the shareholders of the company in return to their investments done in the company. Such a dividend payment liability is then discharged by paying cash or through bank transfer.read more to the investors will be made on April 04, 2019. The total number of shares of the company is 2,50,000 shares.

Thus Dividend Declared journal entries to be made for it on December 20, 2018, is:

Now as was declared earlier, dividends will hit investors account on April 04, 2019, following journal entries will be passed in the company’s account:

Benefits of Dividend Declared But Not Paid

It helps to develop a positive sentiment in the market for the company. For example, in case a company wants to create a positive sentiment in the market, thereby increasing the price of its shares. But it does not want to part with the cash in the company in the short term to create hedgingHedgingHedging is a type of investment that works like insurance and protects you from any financial losses. Hedging is achieved by taking the opposing position in the market.read more for some contingency. The company may declare a dividend to be paid once the company’s short term contingency fund requirement is over. This way, the money will not flow out of the company’s books, and the positive sentiment will also be created in the market.

Points to Remember

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