What are Office REITs?
Office REITs are Real Estate Investment Trusts, which are companies indulging in business of owning, constructing & managing income producing properties like Offices & Office Buildings, which they further lease it to multinational companies or tenants for running their business in a central business area and industrial areas.
Office REITs earn rental income from it, which could be monthly, quarterly, or yearly. The office premises or buildings etc. either could be self-generated or could be acquired estates. They also trade on Public Exchange Markets where the investors could invest their funds and become a shareholder of the company.
Examples of Office REITs
Here are some of the examples which have been doing well in the market and are publically listed company:
- Alexandria Real Estate Equities, a company listed on the New York Stock ExchangeStock ExchangeStock exchange refers to a market that facilitates the buying and selling of listed securities such as public company stocks, exchange-traded funds, debt instruments, options, etc., as per the standard regulations and guidelines—for instance, NYSE and NASDAQ. (NYSE) which deals in maintaining and owning Offices for life science purposes. The main highlight of the company is that they preferably rent the places to companies or tenants working in life science and technology fields.
- Boston Properties, a company listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE: BXP) which deals in maintaining and owning class-A offices for leasing purposes. Class A offices mean high-end offices in a developed area. They also hold some retail and residential properties as well. As per market capitalization, this is one of the largest office REITs.
- SL Green Realty, a company listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE: SLG) which deals in maintaining and owning offices in New York City for renting purposes. This is the largest office owning company in New York City. This is one of the major developers in the real state field.
Benefits of Office REITs
- Investment in Office REITs provides guaranteed pay-out to the investors or shareholders in the form of dividends as long as the company is generating income from the practice.
- The REITs companies get to benefit from tax relief as they do not need to pay corporate dividend tax in case they fulfill some of the criteria. As in the normal cases, companies distributing dividends have to submit corporate dividend tax to the government, and then the remaining amount will be paid out to the shareholdersShareholdersA shareholder is an individual or an institution that owns one or more shares of stock in a public or a private corporation and, therefore, are the legal owners of the company. The ownership percentage depends on the number of shares they hold against the company's total shares.. Hence in the case of REITs company, the shareholder gets paid out dividends without deducting any tax part from the dividend share of the profit.
- They provide the pool up estates for the office premises in good industrial areas, and 90% of the income is transferred to shareholders as a dividend, which is a good pay-out to the investors as well as provides a diversified portfolio against the traditional equity and debt securities.
- It provides liquidity options for the investors and a low cost for the shareholders as buying premises or building a premise may cost significant, but the portfolio offered could become a chance for the investors to buy the office REITs securities, and the money invested becomes lesser riskier.
Disadvantages of Office REITs
- 90% of the income earned by the Office REITs business is needed to be distributed to the shareholders, and after paying out the rest of the expenses needed to run the business, there is no amount left for the future growth of the business through the business income. So without the fund, growing the business becomes more difficult.
- In most cases, due to the unavailability of the fund and for growing the business, the companies depend upon some huge debts, and that might become a problem for the investors, and the investors may lose their income in the future.
- In spite of the no corporate dividend tax, the companies have to adhere to a lot of other legislative regulations that do not make the business smoother or easy-going, and the company may have to pay taxes in another way as per the law of the respective countries and states.
- In some countries, central law does not adhere to the legislative policy and instead administers the same in their states, which creates different regulations for different office REITs depending upon their place of business.
Office REITs are one which owns and manages the office premises or building in some central part of the area or industrial area, which they lease to the tenants for the rental income depending upon the size of the area rented to the tenants. The pay-out of 90% of the income to the investors is pretty good; however, on the other hand, it limits the growth of the REIT company in the future. For the same reasons, most of the office REITs company needs to depend upon the debts from the banks and other financial institutions Financial InstitutionsFinancial institutions refer to those organizations which provide business services and products related to financial or monetary transactions to their clients. Some of these are banks, NBFCs, investment companies, brokerage firms, insurance companies and trust corporations. that may prove not healthy for the business standings in the market and for the investors in the company.
This has been a guide to what is Office REITs and its definition. Here we discuss statistics in Office REITs along with examples, benefits, and disadvantages. You may learn more about financing from the following articles –