Stock Warrant

A Stock Warrant provides the holder with the right to buy the stock of the company at a pre-determined price in a particular time period and when it is exercised by the holder, the holder purchases the stock of the company and the company receives such money as its source of capital.

Stock Warrant Meaning

Stock or Share Warrant is the right to purchase the shares of a stock at a certain price and within a stipulated time period. It expires after a certain point of time if the investor does not exercise them. However, the holder has the right to deny the purchase i.e. he is not locked in to purchase the stock.

Here, the investor pays a nominal amount to buy a warrant, which gives him the right to purchase shares in the future. This is good for both the investor as well as the Company. The investor has only paid a small amount. In the future, he can decide whether to purchase shares, depending on the performance of the Company. It is good for the Company as the Company gets additional capital. It can use this capital to boost up its revenueRevenueRevenue is the amount of money that a business can earn in its normal course of business by selling its goods and services. In the case of the federal government, it refers to the total amount of income generated from taxes, which remains unfiltered from any deductions.read more by deploying the capital in profit-making projects.

Stock Warrant

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Types of Stock Warrants

Stock Warrants Types

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#1 – Call Warrant

A call warrant is the right to buy a specific number of shares from a company at a certain price with a given time period.

#2 – Put Warrant

A put warrant is the right to sell a specific number of shares to the Company at a specific price within a given time period.

Why Companies Issue Stock Warrants?

Merits

  • Investors may choose to exercise it if the market price of shares of the Company is more than the exercise price of the warrant. Thus, the investors will receive shares at a price lesser than the market price.
  • The dilution effect’s impact will be lesser for the shareholders, as investors may choose to exercise their warrants.
  • Warrants act as an alternative investment for the investors of the Company. Investors who wish to invest in the Company may do so by investing in the warrants. The investment cost of it is lesser than buying the shares of the Company. The market price of warrants is usually volatile than the Company’s share price.

Demerits

  • Like any other financial instrument, they are prone to market risk.
  • Warrants are infrequently issued and thinly traded. Thus, there are not many options for the investors to choose amongst it and then have enough liquidity in the market for trading.
  • The warrant holder is not the shareholder of the Company until he exercises the right when the time is due. Thus, the holder does not have the right to vote.
  • A certain amount has to be paid upfront for it, which the investor may lose if he wishes to not exercise the right. If the share price is lesser than the exercise price in the warrant, the shareholder will be “out of money.” Hence it will not be profitable for him to exercise the right.
  • There will dilution impact on the existing shareholders, and they can observe the dilution in market price and voting rights.

Limitation

While it issued by the Company have both advantages and disadvantages, they are prone to some limitations.

  • The number of warrants, shares reserved for warrant exercise, and shares reserved for the exercise of existing warrants shall not exceed more than 50% of the Company’s share capital.
  • The exercise price and the time of exercise have to be set by the Company. The Company should foresee the time and amount of the funds needed by it.
  • Since they are thinly traded and issued by a few companies, they have to be provided with a better dal to gain investor interest.
  • Warrants can be issued only by listed Companies.

Importance of Share Warrants

Conclusion

Stock Warrants are a financial instrument that provides investors with an opportunity to invest and the Company with a source of funding. They are not very common in today’s world, as fewer Companies choose to raise capital using it. Also, they are thinly traded. They are thus having less liquidity and attraction amongst investors. However, given their features, they can be a part of an investor’s portfolio. However, investment should be made diligently as any other financial instrument is also prone to risks.

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