What is Fund Flow Statement?
If a company needs to report its changes in net working capital, the company prepares a fund flow statement. Fund flow statement isn’t a financial statement; rather it typically compares the sources of funds and the application of funds.
Uses of Fund Flow Statement
Before going into the example, first, let’s talk about why fund flow statement is prepared.
- Firstly, through fund flow statement a company can compare between two balance sheets and can see the differences between them.
- Secondly, fund flow statement helps a company see through where their money has been spent (i.e. application of funds) and from where they have received the money (i.e. the sources).
- Thirdly, fund flow statement helps a company see how much money it has received from long-term funds raised by issues of shares, debentures, and sale of non-current assets and how much funds are generated only from operations.
Now, we will look at the format and the example of fund flow statement.
Fund Flow Statement Example & Format
Fund flow statement has three separate statements –
- Statement showing changes in working capital.
- Statement showing funds from operations.
- Statement of fund flow.
So, we will start with the first one.
#1 – Statement showing changes in working capital
In this statement, you need to effect the changes in working capital. Working capital equals current assets minus current liabilities. We will see the format and example of how it is done.
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Statement showing changes in working capital
|Particulars||31.03.2015 (in US $)||31.03.2016 (in US $)||Increase (in US $)||Decrease (in US $)|
|Current Assets –|
|Cash & Bank||65,000||80,000||15,000||–|
|Total Current Assets (A)||354,000||348,000|
|Current Liabilities –|
|Total Current Liabilities (B)||86,000||97,000|
|Net Working Capital (A – B)||268,000||251,000|
|Net Decrease in Working Capital||–||17,000||17,000||–|
#2 – Statement showing funds from operations
In this type of fund flow statement, we will take into account the current year’s profit/loss and then do some adjustments (adding back depreciation, loss on sales of fixed assets etc.) and then deduct the profit/loss of the previous year.
Let’s have a look –
Statement showing funds from operations
|Funds from operations||Amount (in US$)||Amount (in US$)|
|Profit & Loss A/C as on 31.03.2016||250,000|
|Depreciation on Plant||13,000|
|Depreciation on Buildings||11,000|
|Preliminary expenses written off||5,000|
|Loss on the sale of fixed assets||4,000|
|Amount transferred to Reserve||17,000|
|Provision for tax||32,000|
|Less: Profit & Loss A/C as on 31.03.2015||(150,000)|
|Funds from Operations||198,000|
This statement can be alternatively prepared as “Adjusted Profit & Loss A/C” where you can take all the working notes into account.
Now, let’s talk about the next statement.
#3 – Statement of Fund Flow
This is the final statement of the entire fund flow.
And we will take the above statements into account to see the effect in this statement. One thing you need to keep in mind is that when the uses of funds would be deducted from the sources, it should match the net increase/decrease in working capital.
Let’s get started.
Statement of Fund Flow at the year ended 31st March 2016
|Particulars||Amount (in US$)||Amount (in US$)|
|Sources of Funds|
|Funds from operation (ref: the second statement)||198,000|
|Sale of Fixed Assets||50,000|
|Issue of new shares for preference shareholders||100,000|
|Total Sources (A)||348,000|
|Applications of Funds|
|Purchase of Plant||108,000|
|Purchase of Buildings||42,000|
|Payment of taxes||100,000|
|Payment of dividend||65,000|
|Redemption of Preference Shares||50,000|
|Total Application (B)||365,000|
|Net Decrease in Working Capital (A – B)||17,000|
Fund Flow Statement Video
This has been a guide to Fund Flow statement along with uses, top examples and format of fund flow statements. Here we also discuss three types of statements prepared for fund flow. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more about accounting –