Provision for Income Tax

Provision for Income Tax Meaning

Provision for Income Tax is the tax that the company expects to pay in the current year and is calculated by making adjustments to the net income of the company by temporary and permanent differences, which are then multiplied by the applicable tax rate.

Provision for Income Tax Calculation

Provision for Income tax will be calculated on the income earnedIncome EarnedEarned income is any amount earned by an individual, such as a salary, wages, or employee compensation. It can also be an individual's income through their own business.read more by the individual or the company using the below-mentioned formula:

Provision for Income tax Formula = Income Earned Before Tax * Applicable Tax Rate
Provision-for-Income-tax-Formula

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For eg:
Source: Provision for Income Tax (wallstreetmojo.com)

Calculation Example of Provision for Income Tax

The following is an example to understand the concept in a better manner.

You can download this Provision for Income Tax Excel Template here – Provision for Income Tax Excel Template

A ltd is the company which is manufacturing and selling the automobile products in the market reports following figures for the accounting year ending on December 31st, 2018. Suppose the applicable income tax rate on the company for the year under consideration is 30%. Calculate the profit before tax using the given figured and the provision to be made for the income tax for the accounting year ending on December 31st, 2018.

  • Sales: $2,000,000
  • Cost of Sales: $1,400,000
  • Administrative Expenses: $350,000
  • Distribution Expenses: $1,50,000
  • Interest Expense: $100,000
  • Rental Income: $70,000

Solution

In order to calculate it, first of all, the profit before taxProfit Before TaxProfit before tax (PBT) is a line item in a company's income statement that measures profits earned after accounting for operating expenses like COGS, SG&A, depreciation & amortization, and non-operating expenses. It gives the overall profitability and performance of the company before making payments in corporate taxes.read more will be calculated from the details given.

Statement of Calculation of Profit before taxes

Example 1.1
  • =$170000+100000
  • =$70000

Thus from the above Statement of Calculation of Profit before taxes, $ 70,000 is the profit before tax of the company A ltd. for the accounting year ending on December 31st, 2018.

Now, the calculation of the provision of the income tax will be as follows:

Provision for Income Tax Example 1.2
  • = $ 70,000 * 30%
  • Provision for Income tax = $ 21,000

Thus the provision of the income tax for the accounting year ending on December 31st, 2018, for the company A ltd is $ 21,000.

Advantages

The various advantages related to these are as follows –

Disadvantages

The disadvantages related to these are as follows:

  • It is the source of finance for the company but only for the short term and cannot be used for financing the long term under the requirement of the company.
  • It is possible some of the times that the company creates the excess provision for the income tax, which leads to the insufficient use of the funds of the company as that the company could have utilized funds in other productive areas.

The different important points related to these are as follows –

  • The company creates it out of its profits of the current profits in order to meet its tax obligation, which will arise in the future.
  • It is created considering the tax rate applicable to the company for that period.
  • The company makes it by making adjustments to the difference of permanent as well as the temporary nature in the company’s net income for the period.
  • There is a certain time gap between the date of making of the provision for tax by the company and the date when it is paid. Hence, it can be used by the company as the source of the short-term finance in the intermediate period.

Conclusion

Provision for Income Tax refers to the provision which is created by the company on the income earned by it during the period under consideration as per the rate of tax applicable to the company. The company makes this provision by making adjustments to the difference of permanent as well as the temporary nature in the company’s net income for the period.

As there is a certain time gap between the date of making of the provision for tax by the company and the date when it is paid, so, the company can take the opportunity of the time gap and used the provision for tax as the source of the short-term finance in the intermediate period. However, it is the source of finance for the company but only for the short term and cannot be used for financing the long term under the requirement of the company. Also, it is possible some of the times that the company creates the excess provision for the income tax, which may lead to the insufficient use of the funds of the company.

This article has been a guide to Provision for Income Tax and its meaning. Here we discuss a formula for calculation of the provision for income tax along with an example, advantages and disadvantages. You can learn more about finance from the following articles –

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