Depreciation of Building

Updated on January 3, 2024
Article byWallstreetmojo Team
Edited byAshish Kumar Srivastav
Reviewed byDheeraj Vaidya, CFA, FRM

What is the Depreciation of Building?

Depreciation of Building refers to the process of reducing the recorded cost of a building in an organized way till the time when the value of the building either becomes zero or reaches its salvage value. It allows us to map the revenue (say in the form of lease rental) generated during a period to the corresponding expenses.

The rate of depreciationRate Of DepreciationThe depreciation rate is the percent rate at which an asset depreciates during its estimated useful life. It can also be defined as the percentage of a company's long-term investment in an asset that the firm claims as a tax-deductible expense throughout the asset's useful more for different types of building are categorized into the following three rate buckets, as shown below:

  • 5% Depreciation Rate: The buildings that fall under the category of residential premises are depreciated at the rate of 5% under the income tax act. Buildings used for residential purposes except for boarding houses and hotels fall in this category. A building is considered to be used for residential purposes only if more than 66.66% of the built-up floor area is used for residential purposes.
  • 10% Depreciation Rate: All other types that don’t fall under the category of residential premises are depreciated at the rate of 10% under the income tax act.
  • 100% Depreciation Rate: Buildings mainly used for installing machinery and plants that form part of the water treatment system and water supply project fall under this special category. Further, wooden structures and tin sheds also fall under this category as they are purely temporary erections. These are depreciated at a special rate of 100%.
Depreciation of Building

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Source: Depreciation of Building (

How to Calculate it?

Step 1: Firstly, determine the depreciable basis for the building under consideration. (Take the help of a qualified accountant or an external appraiser to ascertain the depreciable basis for the building.) If the property price is a combination of both buildings and land, then it can be derived by deducting the purchase consideration of the land from the overall amount paid, as shown below. Also, you can deduct the building’s salvage value (if available) for a precise valuation.

The Depreciable Basis for Building = Overall Combined Price – Purchase Consideration of Land – Salvage Value of Building

Step 2: Next, determine the depreciation rate category based on the property’s nature. It would be either 5%, 10%, or 100%, which would be used to calculate the annual depreciation of the building. The depreciation rate can also be calculated as the reciprocal of the useful lifeUseful LifeUseful life is the estimated time period for which the asset is expected to be functional and can be put to use for the company’s core operations. It serves as an important input for calculating depreciation for assets which affects the profitability and carrying value of the more of the asset.

Rate of Depreciation = 1 / Useful Life

Step 3: Next, multiply the rate of depreciation and the depreciable basis for the building to derive the annual depreciation of the building, as shown below.

Depreciation of Building = Rate of Depreciation * Depreciable Basis for Building

Step 4: Finally, capture the annual depreciation in the income statement to calculate EBITCalculate EBITEBIT is a profitability tool used to measure the operating Profits of a Company. You can calculate it either by, EBIT = Gross Sales – Company Expenses & Cost of Goods Sold, Or, EBIT = Total Profit + Interest + more (earnings before interest and tax). It is very important information for tax filing.

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Let’s discuss the following examples for better understanding.

You can download this Depreciation of Building Excel Template here – Depreciation of Building Excel Template

Example #1

Let us take the simple example of a building bought for $100,000 and is estimated to have a salvage valueSalvage ValueSalvage value or scrap value is the estimated value of an asset after its useful life is over. For example, if a company's machinery has a 5-year life and is only valued $5000 at the end of that time, the salvage value is $ more of $8,000. Determine the annual depreciation of the building if the applicable rate of depreciation is 10%.



  • Purchase price = $100,000
  • Salvage value = $8,000
  • Rate of depreciation = 5%

Now, the depreciable basis of the building can be calculated as,

Example 1.1

Depreciable Basis = $100,000 – $8,000 = $92,000

Now, the calculation will be –

Depreciation of Building Example 1

= $92,000 * 10% = $9,200

Example #2

Let us take the example of a building bought by XDE Inc. to illustrate the concept of depreciation. The property was bought for $300,000, including the purchase price of the land, which is $100,000. The building is estimated to have a useful life of 20 years, and at the end of the 20 years, the building is expected to have a salvage value of $10,000. Determine the annual depreciation of the building based on the given information.



  • Overall combined price = $300,000
  • Purchase consideration of land = $100,000
  • Salvage value of building = $10,000
  • Useful life = 20 years

Now, the rate of depreciation can be calculated as,

Example 2

Rate of depreciation = 1 / 20 = 5%

Now, the depreciable basis of the building can be calculated as,

Depreciation of Building Example 2.1

The depreciable = $300,000 – $100,000 – $10,000 = $190,000

Now, calculation will be –

Example 2.2

=$190,000 * 5% = $9,500

Effects on the Financial Statements


So, it is an important part of the accounting methodAccounting MethodAccounting methods define the set of rules and procedure that an organization must adhere to while recording the business revenue and expenditure. Cash accounting and accrual accounting are the two significant accounting more that facilitates the maintenance of true profitability in the income statement through systematically converting capitalized assets into expenses.

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