Basic Excel Formulas

Updated on April 29, 2024
Article byWallstreetmojo Team
Edited byAshish Kumar Srivastav
Reviewed byDheeraj Vaidya, CFA, FRM

List of Top 10 Basic Excel Formulas & Functions

Here is the list of the top 10 basic formulas and functions in Excel.

  1. SUM
  2. COUNT
  6. MIN Excel
  7. MAX Excel
  8. LEN Excel
  9. TRIM Excel
  10. IF Excel

Now, let us discuss each of them in detail –

You can download this Basic Formulas Excel Template here – Basic Formulas Excel Template
Basic Excel Formulas

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#1 SUM in Excel

This basic Excel formula is used to get the sum of the value in one or more cells or ranges.

Basic Sum Function Formula



Basic Sum Function Example 1

Result = 41 (See Image below)

Basic Sum Function Example 1-1

#2 COUNT Excel Function

This basic Excel function counts the numeric value in one or more cells or ranges.

Basic Count Formula



Basic Count Example 2

Result = 4 (This will exclude cell A3 since this formula calculates the only numeric value. Please see the image below).

Basic Count Example 2-1

#3 COUNTA in Excel

This formula counts the value in one or more cells (This will measure the cells irrespective of the number or text value).

Basic COUNTA Formula



Basic COUNTA Example 3

Result = 5 (This will Include Cell A3 since this formula calculates both text and numeric value. See Image below).

Basic COUNTA Example 3-1

#4 COUNTBLANK in Excel

This Excel basic function counts the blank value in the range. (Note: We will not consider only space in a cell a blank cell).

Basic COUNTBLANK Formula



Basic COUNTBLANK Example 4

Result = 2 (This will calculate the number of blank cells in the range. See image below).

Basic COUNTBLANK Example 4-1

#5 AVERAGE in Excel

This basic formula in Excel is used to get the value average in one or more cells or ranges.

Basic Average Formula



Basic Average Example 5

Result = 4 (See image below)

Basic Average Example 5-1

#6 MIN Formula in Excel

This Excel basic function is used to get the minimum value in cells or ranges.

Basic Min Formula


=MIN(A1:A5). Result = 2 (See Image below)

Basic Min Example 6
Basic Min Example 6-1

#7 MAX Formula in Excel

This basic Excel function gets the maximum value in cells or ranges.

Basic Max Formula



Basic Max Example 7

Result = 9 (See Image below)

Basic Max Example 7-1

#8 LEN in Excel

This basic function of Excel calculates the number of characters in a cell or text.

Basic Len Formula



Basic Len Example 8

Cell A1 value is Shivam, which has a 6-character length. So, the result would be 6 (See image below).

Basic Len Example 8-1

#9 TRIM in Excel

This basic Excel function removes unnecessary space in a cell or text.


Basic Trim Formula



Basic Trim Example 9

Cell A1 has two spaces between the first, middle, and last names. This function will remove extra space to give the result. (See image below).

Basic Trim Example 9-1

#10 IF in Excel

IF function can perform a logical test in ExcelLogical Test In ExcelA logical test in Excel results in an analytical output, either true or false. The equals to operator, “=,” is the most commonly used logical test.read more.

Basic IF Formula


=IF(A1>33,”P”,”F”). A value in cell A1 is 50, and a logical test is if the value is greater than 33. Then the result would be P. Else, the result would be F.

Basic IF Example 10

Since the value 50 is greater than 33, the result would be P. (See image below).

Basic IF Example 10-1

Things to Remember

  • A formula should always start with an equal sign. Else, it will show an error.
  • If we enter any text value instead of giving a cell address, we should provide the text value within an inverted comma (“”).
  • Before entering the function in a cell, ensure that the cell format is general. If a text format is selected, then the formula will not work.
  • Space (_) is always counted as a single character. So, if you are working with blank cells, remember that if a cell has only space, it will not be counted as a blank cell.

Basic Excel Formulas Video


Recommended Articles

This article is a guide to Basic Formulas in Excel. We discuss a list of the top 10 basic Excel formulas and functions with examples with a downloadable Excel template. You may learn more about excel from the following articles –

Reader Interactions


  1. Tom Staples says

    Thank you.
    Simple, direct and useful.


    very use full this formulas

  3. Rushikesh Dangat says


  4. Reet says

    Very informative and added examples are great as well as easy to understand.
    Thank you.

  5. Kunal Mandaloi says

    Supper and amazing

  6. Baljeet Singh says

    Wow nice explanation for beginners


    very good remind

  8. Abdulkadir Abdulaziz says

    Very comprehensive and educative

  9. Vipin mehra says

    Good formulas, learn everybody and practice in your pc.

  10. Atul Kumar says


  11. Gue Gue says

    how interesting

  12. Muthu krishnan says


  13. Chab bob says

    Interesting and educative

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