Excel Rows vs Columns

Difference Between Excel Rows and Columns

Rows and Columns are two different properties in excel which makes up a cell or a range or a table together, in general terms the vertical portion of the excel worksheet is known as columns and they can be 256 of them in a worksheet and the horizontal portion of the worksheet is known as rows and they can be 1048576 of them.

Excel is the cobweb of rows and columns. Each adjoining rows and columns are termed as cells and all the worksheet of are consist of millions of such cells which can gather and record the data in it. The main aim of using the excel is to plot the data in it as per the requirement and to manipulate the same for obtaining the fruitful analysis.

Excel-Rows-vs-Excel-Columns

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Corporates are having a high level of dependability over the excel in order to perform their day to day business decisions and run the operations. In this article, we will discuss the top differences between excel rows and columnsExcel Rows And ColumnsA cell is the intersection of rows and columns. Rows and columns make the software that is called excel. The area of excel worksheet is divided into rows and columns and at any point in time, if we want to refer a particular location of this area, we need to refer a cell.read more.

  • A row is a horizontal line of cells. Each row has a unique number that identifies it.
  • A column is a vertical line of cells. Each column has a unique letter that identifies it.

Let’s understand this with an example:

rows n column

The leftmost column is A, and the next column is B. The topmost row is 1, and the next row is 2. The cell is getting created by the adjoining topmost row, and the leftmost column is A1, as reflected in the figure.

Excel Rows vs Columns Infographics

Excel-Rows-vs-Excel-Columns-info

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Key Differences

  • Rows are the horizontal lines in the worksheet, and columns are the vertical lines in the worksheet
  • In the worksheet, the total rows are 10,48,576, while the total columns are 16,384.
  • In the worksheet, rows are ranging from 1 to 1,048,576, while columns are ranging from A to XFD.
  • To select an entire specific row, press Shift + Space bar while to select the entire column, press Ctrl+ Space bar.
  • To hide any row, select the entire row and press right click and then hide, while to hide any column in excelHide Any Column In ExcelThe methods to hide columns in excel are - hide columns using right-click option, hide columns using shortcut cut key, hide columns using column width, hide columns using VBA code.read more, select the entire column, press right click and then hide.
  • To unhide any hidden row, select one entire row above and one below the hidden row, then right-click and select Unhide while to unhide any hidden excel column, select one entire column to the left and one to the right of the hidden column, then right-click and select Unhide.
  • The default row height is 18.75 pt. and 25 pixels, while the default width of the column is 8.43 pt. and 64 pixels.
  • To freeze any row, put the active cell below the row one wants to freeze and then press Alt+W+F+R. To freeze any column, put the active cell adjacent to the column one wants to freeze, and then press Alt+W+F+C.

Comparative Table

BasisExcel RowsExcel Columns
DefinitionA row is a horizontal line of cells.A column is a vertical line of cells.
LabelingRows are represented by numeric values.Columns are represented by alphabets.
NumberIn Microsoft Offside 10, there are a total  1,048,576 number of rows.In Microsoft office 10, there are a total of 16,384 numbers of columns.
RangeRows are ranging from 1 to  1,048,576Columns are ranging from A to XFD.
Select all rowsTo select an entire row, click over any cell in the particular row and hit  Shift + Space bar.To select an entire column, click over any cell in the particular column and hit Ctrl + Spacebar.
To Select Several RowsIf you want to select several adjacent rows, select a range that includes cells of all the rows that you want to select, then hit Shift + Spacebar. Suppose you want to select ‘Row 3 to Row 10’; first, you need to select at least one cell in each row from ‘Row 3 to Row 10’. Next, press Shift + Spacebar to select all the desired rows.If you want to select several adjacent columns, select a range that includes cells of all the columns that you want to select, then hit Ctrl + Spacebar. Suppose you want to select ‘Column C to Column F’, you need to select at least one cell in each column from ‘Column C to Column F’. Next, press Ctrl + Spacebar to select all the desired columns.
Differences FunctionThe row differences command compares the cells in the selected range with the cells in the same column as the active cells.The column differences command compares the cells in the selected range with the cells in the same rows as the active cells.
To Hide Row/columnSelect the row(s) you want to hide, right-click and select HideSelect the column(s) you want to hide, right-click, and select Hide.
To Unhide the hidden row/columnSelect one entire row above and one below the hidden row, then right-click and select UnhideSelect one entire column to the left and one to the right of the hidden column, then right-click and select Unhide
The default height and width of rows and columnsThe default height of the row is 18.75 pt. and 25 pixels.The default width of the column is 8.43 pt. and 64 pixels.
To Auto fit the content.To Auto fit the content in a row, Double click the bottom border of the underlying row.To Auto fit the content in the column, Double click the right border of the underlying column.
In Index functionrow_num: Specifies the row number in the array from which the resulting value is to be returned.Col_num: Specifies the column number in the arrays in excel from which the resulting value is to be returned
To Freeze Row/ColumnTo freeze any specific row, press Alt+W+F+RTo freeze any specific column, press Alt+W+F+C
In Lookup FunctionIn the Lookup function, HlookupHlookupHlookup is a referencing worksheet function that finds and matches the value from a row rather than a column using a reference. Hlookup stands for horizontal lookup, in which we search for data in rows horizontally.read more compares the data from r0w to row.In the Lookup function in excelLookup Function In ExcelThe LOOKUP excel function searches a value in a range (single row or column). It returns a corresponding match from the exact position of another range. The corresponding match is a piece of information associated with the value being searched.read more, Vlookup compares the data from column to Column.

Conclusion

Excel spreadsheets have huge potential based on the data feed in the rows and columns, and accordingly, the same is utilized in various functions in the corporate world. User-based on their requirement, also prepares various data models that give them automated results, enhances analytical skills.

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This has been a guide to the Excel Rows vs Columns. Here we discuss the top differences between Excel Rows and Columns along with infographics and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles –

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