Investment banking In India | Top Banks List | Salary | Jobs

Updated on April 30, 2024
Article byWallstreetmojo Team
Reviewed byDheeraj Vaidya, CFA, FRM

Investment Banking in India

Do you dream of being a high-flying professional who wants to make it big in the investment world but doesn’t know where to look?

Here’s your answer. Suppose you want to move into investment banking. In that case, you should know India’s overall investment banking scenario, the list of top investment banks, the kind of services offered, their culture, investment banking salaries in India, investment banking jobs in India, and whether you are fit for investment banking profile.

Investment Banking in India

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This article will go in-depth about the investment banking world prevalent in India.

Overview of Investment Banking in India

Before going into the nitty-gritty of investment banking in India, it’s important to light the history of investment banking in India.

It all started in the 19th Century. During that period, European banks first established their trading industries in the land of India. Since that ancient time, foreign banks have taken the reign of investment banking in India. But that didn’t last for a long time.

In the 1970s, the State Bank of India started to spread its wings and created a bureau of merchant banking. In the same decade, ICICI bank started offering various merchant banking services.

After a decade, banking became the thing of many, and more than 30 merchant banks, financial institutions, and commercial banks started setting up their operations.

However, until the 1980s, banking didn’t get the hype it deserved. Finally, in the 1990s, banking became an industry when more than 1500 bankers registered with SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India).

To regulate these huge numbers of banks, it was required to build an institution to help banks adhere to the compliance and regulations. That’s how the Association of Investment Bankers of India (AIBI) got started.

The objective of AIBI is to regulate the legal and ethical practices among members and promote and encourage the expansion of the industry.

Under AIBI, many banks and financial institutions are registered. Have a look at the following institutions which are registered under AIBI and have already made their name in the investment banking industry in India –

  • Axis Bank Ltd.
  • Barclays Bank PLC
  • BNP Paribas
  • Central Bank of India
  • Credit Suisse Securities (India) Private Ltd.
  • Deutsche Equities India Private Ltd.
  • Edelweiss Financial Services Ltd.
  • HDFC Bank Ltd.
  • HSBC Securities & Capital Markets (India) Private Ltd.
  • ICICI Securities Ltd.
  • IDBI Capital Market Services Ltd.
  • JP Morgan India Private Ltd.
  • Morgan Stanley India Co. Private Ltd.
  • Religare Capital Markets Ltd.
  • SBI Capital Markets Ltd.
  • SMC Capitals Ltd.

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Services Offered by Investment Banks in India

There is a whole gamut of services offered by investment banks in India. Following are top services that stand out –

  • Mergers & Acquisition Advisory: Companies need to expand their market share and generate more revenue. Thus, they need to find a better opportunity to merge or acquire other companies that can help them reach their objectives. Investment banks in India help these companies make the right deals (mergers & acquisition deals) and make prudent decisions so that the ROI gets to a maximum and the risk becomes the least.
  • Management of Capital Issues: Usually, investment banks in India offer management of public issues under two methods – the fixed price method and the book building method. They also offer IPO (Initial Public Offering), FPO (Follow on Public Offer), Preferential Issues, Rights Issue, QIP (Qualified Institutional Placement), and Debt Placement. The idea is to help the big organizations expand in the long run and advise them on various strategies.
  • Debt Syndication: When a company is looking to finance new opportunities, they mostly don’t have enough cash to go for it. However, if they talk to the investment bankers, they can help them with project finance, term loan, working capital loan, mezzanine financing, external commercial borrowing, etc. These services facilitate the public and private companies to tap into the right opportunities at the right time and ensure solid growth.
  • Buybacks/Takeovers: Investment bankers in India advise their clients t buyback their shares at the right time. Moreover, they also help them do their due diligence, find out the target company, and understand whether the takeovers are necessary. They also help the companies adhere to compliances and regulations as per SEBI.
  • Corporate Advisory: Investment bankers in India offer corporate advisory to various companies, especially to giant companies and corporate bodies. As corporate advisory is a huge area, they first understand the companies’ needs and then offer tailor-made services. They start with business appraisals, and then the investment banks in India help the companies develop a business plan. Once the business plan is developed, they go for strategic project advisory. Then they also help companies with business valuation, project identification, and corporate restructuring.

List of Top Investment Banks in India

Many investment banks in India offer excellent services and gradually expand their reach. But among all of them, here is the list of top 10 Indian investment banks as per the deal volume (these deals are purely based on M&A deals) –

RankName of the Investment BankNo. of Deals (2016)
1Ernst & Young Private Ltd.26
2Price Water House Coopers, Investment Banking Arm11
3Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu India, LLP11
4O3 Capital Global Advisory Private Ltd.8
5KPMG India Private Ltd.8
6Axis Capital Ltd.7
7Standard Chartered Bank, Investment Banking Division6
8Avendus Capital Private Ltd.6
9JM Financial Institutional Securities Ltd.6
10KPMG Corporate Finance LLC6

source: vcedge.com

Now, let’s have a look at the list of top 10 investment banks as per deal value (M&A) in 2016 –

RankName of the Investment BankDeal Value (in $ millions)No. of Deals
1Arpwood Capital Private Ltd.21,891.714
2JM Financial Institutional Securities Ltd.13,599.776
3Morgan Stanley11,950.004
4Ernst & Young Global Ltd.10,898.724
5Kotak Mahindra Capital Co. Ltd.10,149.964
6Ambit Private Ltd.9,730.003
7DH Consultants Private Ltd.9,730.001
7Citigroup Global Markets India Private Ltd.9,730.001
8Lazard Ltd.9,407.424
9J.P. Morgan Securities LLC8,000.001
9Evercore Partners Inc.8,000.001
10Standard Chartered Bank, Investment Banking Division3,667.806

source: vcedge.com

Now, let’s look at the list of investment banks that have topped the list in 2016 in terms of IPO in the domestic market –

RankName of the Investment Bank
1ICICI Securities
2Edelweiss Financial Services
3Axis Bank
4HSBC
5Kotak Mahindra Bank
6IIFL Securities
7IDFC Bank
8State Bank of India
9JM Financial Institutional Securities Ltd.
10Elara Capital

The best part of this list is that only one foreign bank has been included, i.e., HSBC. The remaining nine banks belong to India. That means the reign of foreign investment banking has been declining, and more and more Indian investment banks are coming up on the top.

Recruitment process – Investment Banks in India

If you ever dream of being part of the investment banking industry in India, here’s how you can crack the code. But a word of caution – thousands and thousands of students are going the same route, and as a result, you may get lost in the crowd.

Have a glance at the recruitment process of these investment banks in India so that you can prepare well and reach your dream jobs –

  • No HR business: As the investment banking industry in India is quite different, rarely does HR go through investment banking resumes. It is done by MD directly. As investment banking professions are not for the faint-hearted, it’s important that the screening is done by the most important executives in the business.
  • Never try to tap insider’s information to crack the interview: As an investment banker, you need to be trustworthy as you will be handling millions of bucks of important clients. So, don’t try for any quick fix. Rather try to highlight why you are a good match for the job.
  • Selection process: Selecting the best candidates for investment banking is quite different from other jobs. Usually, the candidates are judged based on their technical skills, leadership ability, communication & interpersonal skills, and self-motivation. First, the resumes are selected by the MD, and then the shortlisted candidates are called for the interview. During the first round, most of the candidates are screened out. Only a few best candidates fit the bill and asked for the last round. If the number of candidates is huge, then there is a chance of biases as not all interviewers would be able to all the candidates. In the final round, HR will brief the candidates about their expectations during the interview. Then, based on consensus, the offer is released to the person who turns out to be most suitable for the company and its clients.
  • The most important thing: When an MD of an investment banker asked what is the one thing that separates the best candidate from the rest, he mentioned that GPAs are only important for first time screening; but ultimately, what matters most is the willingness of the candidate to make their mark in the investment banking industry. He also mentioned that most candidates apply for investment banking jobs in India just for money; very few want to go for the love of investment banking, and they are the best of the lot in most cases.

Culture in Investment Banks in India

  • The culture in investment banking in India is not something most will look up to because there is a huge imbalance between taking risks and devotion to the work!
  • In investment banking, risk-taking abilities and initiatives are directly proportional to how much money the investment bankers will make, not how much love they have for the job. That’s why, unfortunately, not all candidates are suitable for investment banking jobs in India.
  • It may seem like a labor market though, but usually, in the long term, very few investment bankers stay in one organization as competitors offer them higher positions.
  • Moreover, there is no work-life balance. You may need to work for 16-18 hours a day to clinch the deals. Only one thing is pretty good here, and that is the money. If you can stick to this culture, you will make huge money within a few years.
  • Let’s look at some data about the salaries of investment banking professionals in India.

Investment Banking Salaries in India

According to Glassdoor.co.in, the average salary of investment banking analysts in India is INR 9,20,401 per annum.

Here’s a list of the salaries of different investment banks in India –

Investment Banking Salary in India (Wallstreetmojo)

source: Glassdoor.co.in

Let’s have another perspective offered by Payscale.com.

According to Payscale.com, the average salary for Associate – Investment Banking is INR 989,562.

Investment Banking Salary in India (Wallstreetmojo) - Payscale

Let’s also see the common career paths of Associate – Investment Banking in the industry –

Investment Banking Career Paths

Now, who are the popular employers for Associate – Investment Banking? Let’s have a look –

Popular Employer salaries

source: Payscale.com

But how experience affects salaries? Let’s have a glance –

Investment Banking Experience

source: Payscale.com

That means it is clear that experience matters a lot regarding salaries in the investment banking industry. You will make more money as you get more exposure and learn more skills.

Investment banking in India is certainly a male-dominated industry. From the report of Payscale.com, 89% are male, and only 11% are female, who hold similar positions in the investment banking industry.

Also, have a look at Investment Banking Associate Salary

Investment Banking in India – Exit Opportunities

If you get bored in investment banking in India or can’t seem to take the pressure, you may have a few options to go to like –

However, know that exit from investment banking in India will not always seem worthy, especially if you are looking for fewer work hours and don’t like the financial analysis.

In each of the above options, you need to put in a lot of hours (often more) to get to a good position, and each of the options would need you to invest your time and energy in looking through financial analysis.

Thus, exit only when you know that you want to explore other opportunities and dimensions, not because you want to escape the daily grind. The idea that you will work 2-3 years in investment banking and then take a different route is nothing but a myth.

In the final analysis

Investment banking in India is a bit different from Europe and the USA. India is still an emerging market for investment banking. However, the Indian market is slowly ripening and realizing the value of investment banking.

If you want to make a career in investment banking in India, make sure that you have enough practical knowledge (internships) about the market along with a high GPA and MBA from a top-notch B-School.

Reader Interactions

Comments

  1. Harsh says

    I wanted to do this … My interest is increasing day by day… So I hope you help me out in this .