Top 10 Bulge Bracket Investment Banks


Bulge Bracket Investment Banks are the biggest commercial institutions in the global financial industry. They are some of the leading, lucrative and giant organizations of the world not only in terms of their size and structure but also in terms of the plethora of banking requirements they fulfill.

It wouldn’t be wrong to say that bulge bracket banks are the prime financial institutions of the world. They are some of the largest, enormous multi-national investment banksInvestment BanksInvestment banking is a specialized banking stream that facilitates the business entities, government and other organizations in generating capital through debts and equity, reorganization, mergers and acquisition, more of the world offering varied services to their clients. Predominantly, bulge bracket banks cater to the banking requirements of some of the largest corporations as well as governments of the world. They not only provide financial, advisory, sales, and marketing services to their clients but are also into research and designing of some of the most innovative and ground-breaking financial products, ranging from equities, commodities derivatives to credit, mortgage, interest rate swapsInterest Rate SwapsAn interest rate swap is a deal between two parties on interest payments. The most common interest rate swap arrangement is when Party A agrees to make payments to Party B on a fixed interest rate, and Party B pays Party A on a floating interest more, and insurance products. Moreover, they don’t limit themselves to these functions only, some Bulge Bracket Banks or BB as they are typically referred, are into commercial banking space too.

The word bulge bracket refers to the tombstone where these banks are mainly listed on the top in the group. Whenever there is a public issue of new security, or any financial transaction is listed for public notification, the advertisement mentions the name of these banks on the topmost, sometimes even in bold, which explains the term bulge.


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List of Top 10 Bulge Bracket Investment Banks

Although there are no pre-defined parameters for the inclusion of investment banks in the bulge bracket list, there are certain banks that are referred to as bulge bracket investment banks which are itemized underneath.

Name of the BankYear of FoundationHeadquarterRevenue
Blackstone1985New York$932.4 million
Goldman Sachs & Co1869New YorkNA
Morgan Stanley1935New YorkNA
J.P. Morgan Chase & Co1799New York$24.5 billion
Bank of America Merrill Lynch1991Charlotte N.CNA
Credit Suisse1856ZurichNA
Citi1812New York$18.7 billion
Deutsche Bank1870New YorkNA
HSBC1999London$60.68 billion

* NA- Not Available

#1 – Blackstone

Two former Lehman Brothers’ employees, Stephen A. Schwarzman and Peter G. Peterson along with another formed a start-up in the year of 1985 with a considerable amount of $400,00 and named it Blackstone. It’s founder members being the chairman of M&A and chief executive of the previous firm respectively, Blackstone was formed as an M&A boutique bank and had to struggle like any other start-up even though the two forming the bank were influential people in their own right.

With their resolve and persistence, Blackstone launched its IPO in the year 2007 and raised equity equivalent to $4billion. Today, Blackstone has an employee strength of around 2250 and has spread its wings with its offices spanning across the globe.

#2 – Goldman Sachs

Goldman Sachs is one of the oldest and foremost bulge bracket investment bank formed in 1869 and is led by Lloyd Blankfein. Goldman Sachs is the mecca of investment banking, aspiring investment bankers aim to be a part of the most reputed and venerable bank of all times and work with the world’s most talented, ambitious, and determined people. Since it is one of the oldest banks, Goldman Sachs has been the pioneer in a lot of investment banking services, one of them being the establishment of the IPO market in the 1900s. Along with this, the bank is also credited with being the pioneer in establishing the institutional sales market, forming a dedicated M&A division, negotiating trade on NYSE, and being the forerunner in distributing electronically generated research reports.

On the downside, it is quite a demanding bank with a lot of challenges and delivery in a short time.

#3 – Morgan Stanley

Ranked 3* Morgan Stanley is headquartered in New York City. Henry S. Morgan and Harold Stanley both ex-J.P. Morgan employees started Morgan Stanley in the year 1935 and with their grit and determination today Morgan Stanley is a force to reckon with in the investment banking scene.

#4 – J.P. Morgan

J.P. Morgan has a long history of mergers, most recent being the merger of the year 2000 when J.P. Morgan & Co. merged with the Chase Manhattan Bank naming it J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. It provides a plethora of financial services to its clients big or small with an overall employee strength of close to 3,00,000. It has its headquarter in New York. In the year of 2004, J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. and Bank One merged into a single entity, and Bank One’s CEO Jamie Dimon who is heading the collaboration acquired Bear Stearns in the year 2008.

#5 – Bank of America

Bank of America has a large asset base and is considered one of the largest banks in the US. Its core businesses include credit cards, mortgage lending, asset management, corporate banking, consumer and small business bankingBusiness BankingBusiness banking refers to a bank or financial institution that focuses solely on businesses and corporate clients, offering products such as business loans, asset management, and electronic fund transfers that are tailored to their specific more. It has a huge presence in the retail bankingRetail BankingRetail banking or personal banking refers to the financial services offered by the financial institutions exclusively to the individual clients. The consumer banking provides personal loan, savings account, debit cards, credit cards, locker, more space with around 5,000 retail branches and 16,000 ATMs across the world. Bank of America acquired Merrill Lynch in the year 2009 and since then has its presence in the wealth management industry as well and is considered a leader there. Headquartered in Charlotte N.C. Bank of America is headed by its CEO Brian Moynihan.

  • Bank Services: Bank of America Merrill Lynch caters to small and medium-sized corporations and institutional clients. It has captured a large share of the wealth management market and provides business banking, commercial banking, and investment services along with wholesale credit to its prestigious clients.
  • Office Culture: Bank of America has a team-oriented culture and gives ample opportunities to not only its senior management but also to the middle and junior management. It is a large corporation hence has its own set of challenges and is often criticized for its red-tapism.
  • Strengths/Weaknesses: Bank of America Merrill Lynch has a huge presence across the globe and has captured the market in the wealth management industry through its retail banking arm. The 2008 crisis has tarnished the image of Bank of America Merrill Lynch and its reputation is not considered as strong as it used to be.

#6 – Credit Suisse

Credit Suisse is one of the oldest and largest financial institutions in the world. It was established in the year 1942 and is headed by Tidjane Thiam. It was one of the few banks which remained unaffected by the credit crisis of 2008 that engulfed the whole world and was named as the Best Global Bank by Euromoney magazine in the year 2010.

#7 – Citigroup

Citigroup is a financial powerhouse and is considered the most appreciated brand name. The 2008 credit crisis affected Citi adversely but it still is a force to reckon within the financial services industry. Its history dates back to 1812 and since then it has faced many financial crises and meltdowns but has emerged as a leader by transforming its systems and is much safer and smarter bank to work with. It is led by Michael Corbat and has its presence in around 160 countries globally.

  • Bank Services: It provides a whole range of financial services ranging from consumer, corporate and investment banking, credit, brokerage, wealth management, and transaction services to its 200 million customers which include corporations, institutions, governments, and retail consumers.
  • Office Culture: Citigroup has long working hours like its counterparts but offers ample opportunities for growth and advancement in the company. In fact, it is known for its higher compensation packages and is a place sought after by many.
  • Strengths/weakness: Citigroup is one of the oldest financial institutions that has been witness to much global financial crisis and has emerged as a winner. It has learned its lessons well and is a much crisper organization now.

#8 – Deutsche Bank

Deutsche Bank is a German bank and was established in 1870. It has been steadily building up its base in the investment banking business. Its clients include both public and private sector companies and have their presence in 70 countries primarily in Europe.

# 9 – HSBC

The Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation is a UK based bank with its headquarters in London. It is one of the largest financial services firms with its presence spread across Asia, Africa Middle East, North and South America, and Europe.

#10 – UBS

UBS is comparatively smaller in size than its counterparts and employs around 60,000 people. It is headquartered in Zurich, Switzerland, and has its presence in around 50 countries. It provides financial services to retail, commercial, private, and institutional clients across the globe.

  • Bank Services: Union Bank of Switzerland merged with Swiss Bank in the year 1998 and is primarily into wealth management services dealing with equities, commodities and foreign exchange.
  • Office Culture: The employees at UBS vouch for the interesting and mentally stimulating role they have of looking after for their prestigious client’s requirements, which perhaps involves long working hours and a lot of stress. It offers a lot of growth opportunities not only in Switzerland but also internationally.
  • Strengths/Weaknesses: UBS was awarded the Best Global Bank by Euromoney in 2014 and Best Global Wealth Manager in 2015 and has set an example for others to emulate its strategy and methodology. Though being a strong bank its image was tarnished a bit by the global financial crisis.

This has been a guide to Bulge Bracket Investment Banks. Here we discuss the list of top 10 Bulge Bracket Investment Banks across the globe with their core services, office culture, strengths & weakness. You may also have a look at following articles –

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