Insurance Expense

Updated on January 3, 2024
Article byWallstreetmojo Team
Edited byAshish Kumar Srivastav
Reviewed byDheeraj Vaidya, CFA, FRM

What is Insurance Expense?

Insurance expense, also known as insurance premium, is the cost one pays to insurance companies to cover their risk from any unexpected catastrophe. It is calculated as a set percentage of the sum insured and is paid at a regular pre-specified period.

Key Takeaways

  • Insurance expense is also known as the insurance premium. It is the amount paid to insurance companies to cover the uncertain risks from unexpected life events.  
  • Insurance companies calculate insurance expense as a set percentage of the sum insured and is paid at a regular pre-specified period.
  • Insurance expense provides long-term financial safety and creates a pool of funds that can be used at an appropriate place and generate income.
  • Insurance expense does not guarantee that one may receive a refund equivalent to the incurred loss from the insurance company.

Insurance Expense Formula

1 – For Life Insurance

Insurance Expense (Premium) = sum insured * % of the premium to be paid

2- For insurance other than Life Insurance

Insurance Expense (Premium) = Value of asset * % of the premium to be paid

Insurance-Expense

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Examples of Insurance Expense

You can download this Insurance Expense Excel Template here – Insurance Expense Excel Template

Example #1

Generally, a manufacturing concern must pay an insurance cost of 2.89% of the asset value. From the below value of the assets, calculate the insurance expense to be paid by XYZ Ltd.:

  • Machinery: $9,000,000
  • Industrial shed: $1,23,100
  • Spares: $45,000
  • Forklift: $32,000
  • Safety equipment: $18,500
  • Total: $9,218,600

Solution: 

Calculation showing insurance cost to be paid for machinery-

Insurance Expense Example 1.1
  • =9,000,000*2.89%
  • =260,100.00

Similarly, we can calculate insurance expenses for other assets, which are shown below:

Insurance Expense Example 1.2

Total will be – 

Insurance Expense Example 1.3

Thus, XYZ Ltd. would have to pay $2,66,417.54 as an insurance premiumInsurance PremiumInsurance Premium is the amount paid by any individual or a corporate entity to cover themself from uncertain events resulting in heavy economic and non-economic losses.read more for the given year.

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Example #2

Anthony has a habit of smoking. He is presently pursuing a master’s from Boston University. His father is interested in taking the insurance for Anthony’s health due to his bad habit of smoking. Therefore, he consulted the PQR insurance company for medical insurance. They provided the following details related to the medical plan:

Age0-1516-2425-5051-7070 and above
Base Premium Rate for Mediclaim1.30%2.01%2.19%2.70%3.50%
Additional premium to cover a specific illness1%1.20%1.50%1.70%2%
Additional premium if smoking0.50%0.65%0.80%1%1.20%

Calculate the insurance expense for the medical plan, including coverage of a specific illness of $500,000, which https://www.wallstreetmojo.com/insurance-premium/needed to be paid by Anthony’s father.

Solution:

Anthony is 23-years old. Hence, all the premium rates will apply to the slab of 16-24 years.

Calculation showing insurance expense to be paid

Insurance Expense Example 2.1

Similarly, we can calculate insurance expense which is shown below:

Example 2.2

Total Premium to be Paid will be –

Example 2.3
  • =10,050+6,000+3,250
  • =$19,300.

Thus, the total insurance expense to be paid is $19,300 for the sum insured of $500,000.

Advantages

Disadvantages

  • Reimbursement is not equal to loss – Insurance expense does not guarantee that one will get a refund from an insurance company equivalent to the loss incurred. ReimbursementReimbursementReimbursement refers to the monetary compensation made by companies, organizations, or governments to employees, customers, taxpayers, or other entities for incurring expenses out of their pocket.read more of claims is always dependent on various factors. As a result, the loss amount is often not fully recovered from insurance companies.
  • Complexity in schemes and clauses – Scheme documents of insurance are highly complex. Moreover, they will put various provisions that laypeople are unaware of. As a result, an insured person will not be fully aware of all the terms and conditions of the insurance contract.
  • Lack of trust – Insurance companies have often behaved recklessly in the past. As a result, they always have a somewhat low level of trust.
  • Limit in the claim – All the insurance policies will have a fixed sum insured. This sum insured often gets wrongly estimated and, as a result, has to bear the risk. As a result, if the coverage is $1 million, and even if an individual incurs the loss of $2 million, the insured person will only get reimbursement of $1 million.

Conclusion

Thus, insurance contracts are almost inevitable for a smooth life and business. Anyone who misses taking the insurance is prone to a considerable risk. As a result, they will face severe mental and financial loss. Therefore, it is always advisable to incur the insurance expense considering the danger one faces and the requirements against the same.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Is insurance expense debit or credit?

The insurance expense account will be debited, and the prepaid insurance account will be credited when the asset is charged to expenses. As a result, the amount assigned to an accounting period as an expense is merely the amount of the prepaid insurance asset.

What is the difference between prepaid insurance and insurance expense?

Prepaid insurance concerns the insurance amount section, which is expired or not yet incurred as of the date of the financial statement. In comparison, insurance expense concerns the insurance amount section, which is expired or not incurred for the accounting period.

What is the normal balance of insurance expense?

The normal balance of insurance expenses is debited.

Where does insurance expense go on a balance sheet?

Insurance expense does not reflect on the balance sheet since it displays the amount one has spent instead of the liability or asset at a specific time.

This article is a guide to Insurance Expenses. Here, we discussed the insurance expense examples, formulas, calculations, and its advantages and disadvantages. You can learn more about finance from the following articles: –

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