What is Prepaid Insurance?
Prepaid Insurance is the amount of insurance premium paid by the company in an accounting period that didn’t expire in the same accounting period and therefore, the unexpired portion of this insurance will be shown as an asset in the balance sheet of the company.
In simple terms, it refers to that portion of the outstanding insurance premium, which is paid by the company in advance and is currently not due.
An insurance premium is an amount that an organization pays on behalf of its employees and other policies that the business has rendered to. Generally, the insurance premium is paid on a monthly or quarterly. The expense, which is unexpired and is prepaid, is reported in the books of accounts under current assetsUnder Current AssetsCurrent assets refer to those short-term assets which can be efficiently utilized for business operations, sold for immediate cash or liquidated within a year. It comprises inventory, cash, cash equivalents, marketable securities, accounts receivable, etc.. And the expense for that period is shown under the profit and loss statement.
Is Prepaid Insurance an Asset?
Fast Track company buys one-year insurance for its delivery truck and pays $1200 for the same on December 1st, 2017. Now that you have prepaid for services to be used, it is classified as an asset
In this case, Prepaid Insurance will be classified as current assets on the Balance SheetBalance SheetA balance sheet is one of the financial statements of a company that presents the shareholders' equity, liabilities, and assets of the company at a specific point in time. It is based on the accounting equation that states that the sum of the total liabilities and the owner's capital equals the total assets of the company., as shown below.
It means that the insurance expenseInsurance ExpenseInsurance Expense, also called Insurance Premium, is the amount a Company pays to obtain an insurance contract for covering their risk from any unexpected catastrophe. You can calculate it as a fixed percentage of the sum insured & it is paid at a daily pre-specified period. each month is $1200/12 = $100. For one month between December 1st and 31st, $100 worth of insurance is used up.
Let us look at the balance sheet at the end of one month on December 31st, 2017.
Please note that the reporting amount of prepaid insurance on the balance sheet Asset is $1200 – $100 = $1100.
The insurance that is used for December will be reported as an Insurance Expense on December’s income statement. It is shown below in the sample income statement.
Prepaid Insurance Journal Entries
Let’s say XYZ company who needs to pay its Employee Liability insurance for the whole of a fiscal year ending 31-December-2018 amounted $10,000. The company has paid $10,000 of an insurance premium for the whole year at the beginning of quarter one.
The following journal entry will be passed and will be reflected in the books of accounts of XYZ company.
Journal Entry when Prepaid Insurance is paid
|Prepaid Insurance A/c||$10,000|
|To Bank/Cash A/c||$10,000|
- Prepaid Insurance is debited which indicates the creation of an asset in the balance sheet
- Whereas Bank is credited with an equal amount which balances the rule of accountingRule Of AccountingAccounting rules are guidelines to follow for registering daily transactions in the entity book through the double-entry system. Here, every transaction must have at least 2 accounts (same amount), with one being debited & the other being credited. (for each credit there is an equal debit)
Journal Entries when Prepaid Insurance is Due
When insurance is due, for each quarter, i.e., $2,000 will be subtracted from the prepaid account and is shown as an expense in the income statement for that reporting quarter.
|Insurance Expense A/c||$2,000|
|To Prepaid Insurance A/c||$2,000|
- The income statement for the quarter ending will show an expense of $2,000 under the line item of Insurance expense
- In the Balance sheet of XYZ company, the closing balance of the current account prepaid account will show a balance of $8,000 ($10,000- $2,000) for the quarter ending as the amount due for the quarter has been expensed for that period
- Amount due and expensed this quarter is also known as the period costPeriod CostPeriod cost refers to all those costs which are not related or tied with the production process of the company i.e., they are not assigned with any of the particular product of the company and are thus shown in the financial statement of the company for the accounting period in which they are incurred. as it the cost to be incurred in this period
- The process of deduction from the account periodically is often known as amortization
Adjustment entry for Prepaid Expenses
Passing adjustment entries to balance the books of accounts are often helping, which avoids us to make an entry for new business transactionsBusiness TransactionsA business transaction is the exchange of goods or services for cash with third parties (such as customers, vendors, etc.). The goods involved have monetary and tangible economic value, which may be recorded and presented in the company's financial statements.. To pass an adjustment entry, you need to debit the actual expense and credit the prepaid expense account throughout the amortization. The prepaid account will come to the NIL balance at the end of the accounting period, and all the expenses accruedExpenses AccruedAn accrued expense is the expenses which is incurred by the company over one accounting period but not paid in the same accounting period. In the books of accounts it is recorded in a way that the expense account is debited and the accrued expense account is credited. in the income statement.
Prepaid Insurance Video
This article has been a guide to what is Prepaid Insurance? Here we discuss whether prepaid insurance is an asset along with practical examples, journal entries when it is due, and paid. You may learn more about accounting from the following articles –