Consequential Loss

What is Consequential Loss?

Consequential loss is a kind of collateral damage incurred due to a damage to the equipment, property or any tangible unit. It is an indirect loss that cannot be compensated even when the damaged unit is covered under the insurance.

The consequential loss insurance covers indirect damages and is called business interruption insurance.

Key Takeaways
  • Consequential loss is a kind of collateral damage incurred due to the damage to the equipment, property or any tangible unit.
  • It is an indirect loss that cannot be compensated even when the damaged unit is covered under the insurance.
  • The consequential loss insurance covers indirect damages and is called a business interruption insurance.

Understanding Consequential Loss with Examples

We will explain this concept with some simple examples.

  • A factory is involved in a fire. As a result, much of the plant machinery has become permanently unusable. To the owner’s relief, the insurance policy covers the direct loss to the machinery.
  • However, the factory is unable to produce goods as the fire destroyed most machines. Till the owner purchases a new set of machinery, the operations will remain halted.
  • This loss due to the halting of daily business operations is an example of consequential loss as it is an indirect loss. It is not covered under the insurance for direct losses.
Consequential Loss

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Insurance Policy for Consequential Loss

Importance

  • The business takes up an insurance policy to cover direct damages like property loss due to fire, flood, and the like. Likewise, entrepreneurs must think of the possible ways their business can incur such damage.
  • Brainstorming is crucial because indirect damages are sneaky. Therefore, entrepreneurs must think of all the possible ways their business could be exposed to such threats.
  • Listing down will help entrepreneurs in taking the relevant business interruption insurance. The insurance companies assign consequential loss insurance to cover losses arising from turnover reduction, fire, spoilage, retrenchment and layoffs.
  • The insurance company takes into account the gross profit generated by the business. They also set the indemnity period and list down the coverage.

Disadvantages

  • Even if the business possesses a consequential losses insurance, the insurance company may put in some exclusions under the policy. Such exclusions cause the business to endure the indirect losses even when it is insured against it.
  • The consequential loss exclusions may consist of material damage, goodwill, and name loss.
  • It is much easier to procure insurance products for direct losses than indirect losses.

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