Risk Management Basics
- Fixed Income
- Credit Analysis | What Credit Analyst Look for? 5 C's | Ratios
- Equity Research vs Credit Research - Know the difference!
- Yield Curve Slope, Theory, Charts, Analysis (Complete Guide)
- Bond Pricing
- Coupon Bond
- Coupon Bond Formula
- Zero Coupon Bond
- Duration Formula
- Coupon Rate Formula
- Carrying Value of Bond
- Sinking Fund Formula
- Coupon Rate of a Bond
- Convertible Securities
- What are Treasury Bills?
- Repurchase Agreement
- Treasury Bills vs Bonds
- Coupon vs Yield
- Coupon Rate vs Interest Rate
- Credit Rating Process | A Complete Beginner's Guide
- Asset Backed Securities (RMBS, CMBS, CDOs)
- Loss Given Default - LGD | Examples, Formula, Calculation
- Top 7 Best Fixed Income Books
- ABS and MBS Index | Complete Beginner's Guide
- Top 10 Best Treasury Management Book
- Top 10 Best Credit Research Books
- Convexity of a Bond | Formula | Duration | Calculation
- Payment in Kind Bond | PIK Definition | Interest | Example
- Subordination Debt | Meaning | Example | Types | Risks
- Top 10 Best Books - Bonds Market, Bond Trading, Bond Investing
- Bonds vs Debentures
- Secured vs Unsecured Loan
- Bills of Exchange vs Promissory Note
- Bills of Exchange | Meaning | Examples | Top Features
- Promissory Notes
- Secured Loans
- Unsecured Loans
- Subordinated Debt
- Fallen Angel
- Bond Equivalent Yield Formula
- Junior Tranche
- Credit Analyst Interview Questions and Answers
- Debt Covenants | Bond Covenant Examples | Positive & Negative
- Credit Analyst Career
- Negative Covenants (Restrictive)
- Sinking Fund
- Bond Sinking Fund
- Negotiable Instruments
- Credit Spread
- Bond Pricing Formula
What are Promissory Notes?
Promissory Notes Definition – Promissory note is a note containing a promise to pay a certain amount to the person who should receive the money.
The promissory note isn’t bound by acceptance. That means when the debtor issues the promissory note, the creditor doesn’t need to accept it. At the same time, if it is dishonored, there would be no notice issued for the “maker” of the note since the “maker” only promises to pay the amount within a specified period of time.
Let’s look at the promissory note example and how it works.
Let’s say that Mr. T wants to buy a new garage for his cars. He has two cars but doesn’t have a place to park them. He approaches a bank for a loan to build a small garage. The bank looks at his financial statements for the last few years and sees that they would be able to sanction a note of $100,000 for the next 10 years.
In this case, Mr. T needs to write a promissory note and offers the bank with his sign underneath that he would promise to pay the necessary amount within 10 years.
In a promissory note, sometimes, the lender can ask for security against the loan. It can be a house or an asset. The borrower keeps the asset as a security for the loan he has been taking and then issues a promissory note to pay off the debt within a stipulated time.
In this case, the borrower may lose the asset if he is unable to pay off the money as he promised.
Features of a Promissory Note
Let’s look at the significant features –
- This note should be documented. A verbal agreement/contract wouldn’t count. The borrower needs to issue a written contract which he promises to abide by.
- The note should mention the amount to be paid to the creditor.
- Along with that the note also needs to mention who will pay the amount and to whom.
- The note should also mention the date within which the borrower promises to pay.
- If the payment would be made in installments, it should be mentioned as well in the note.
- Even the place of commitment should be mentioned in the note.
- One should remember that a promissory note is not an order and there’s no-one to accept it. Rather it’s a promise made by the debtor to the creditor through a written contract.
Parties involved in Promissory Note
Even if we have mentioned the parties involved in the note before, we need to understand each of them in detail. Here are they –
- Drawer: In a note, the drawer is the debtor or the borrower. The drawer issues the promissory note and promises to pay a certain amount to the lender within a stipulated period of time. The drawer is also called the maker.
- Drawee: Drawee is another party involved in the note. Drawee is actually the lender or the creditor who would receive the money from the debtor or the borrower. In certain cases, drawee can also ask for a security for the loan (usually an asset). In that case, if the drawer is unable to pay off the said amount within time, the drawee would take claim of the asset. Drawee is also called the payee.
This has been a guide to Promissory Notes, definition along with practical examples. Here we also discuss parties involved and features of Promissory Notes. You may also have a look at these articles below to learn more about fixed income –