RAND Excel Function

Article byTanuj Kumar
Edited bySheeba M
Reviewed byDheeraj Vaidya, CFA, FRM

What Is RAND Function In Excel?

The Random or RAND Excel function generates random values greater than 0 but less than 1. The distribution is even among those numbers if used on multiple cells. Every time we open the worksheet or refresh the formula, the result changes.

For example, when we type =RAND(), it generates a number like 0.902158.


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Key Takeaways

  • The RAND Excel function generates random numbers from 0 to 1, by default. However, we can generate numbers within any desired range, such as 0 to 100, 45000 to 98000, etc.
  • To calculate the random numbers between two numbers, we use the formula =a+ (b-a)*RAND(). Here, a & b are integer values to generate numbers in-between them.
  • To generate a set of random numbers in multiple cells, we must select the cells, enter RAND(), and then press the “Ctrl + Enter” keys.

RAND Formula Excel And Explanation

RAND Excel Formula

The syntax of the RAND Excel Formula is,

RAND Formula

The RAND formula in Excel has no parameters or arguments.

Explanation of the RAND Excel Function

  • The RAND function is categorized as the “Math & Trig” function in Excel.
  • It returns a random number between 0 and 1.
  • The RAND function in Excel will generate a new random number greater than or equal to 0 and less than 1, each time your Excel sheet is refreshed.

How To Use RAND In Excel?

The RAND In Excel function is very simple and easy to use.

  • We can insert the formula from the “Formulas” tab from the “Math & Trig” group.
  • We can enter in the worksheet manually as =RAND(), and
  • We can use it as a VBA function.

RAND Excel Function As A Worksheet Function

The ways to enter the RAND function in the worksheet directly are as follows:

  • One way, type =RAND() in an empty cell, press the “Enter” key to execute the formula, and return the generated result.


  • Alternatively, type =R or =RA, select the RAND function from the suggestions given by Excel, close the brackets [without entering any values or cell references], press the “Enter” key to execute the formula, and return the generated result.

Download Template

This article must help understand RAND Excel function with its formulas and examples. You can download the template here to use it instantly.

You can download this RAND Function Excel Template here – RAND Function Excel Template


We will consider some advanced scenarios using the RAND Excel function examples.

Example #1

Let us consider the RAND() function to calculate the random numbers between 0 and 1. Then, the RAND Excel function returns the random numbers between 0 and 1, as shown in the table below.

RAND Example 1

Example #2

As you know, the RAND formula in Excel generates random numbers between 0 and 1. However, we can also return random numbers between 0 and 100, or any given range.

Ex. In the formula =100*RAND(),

  • The RAND(), by default, generates random numbers Excel between 0 and 1.
  • Then, the output is multiplied by 100 to get the digits between 0 and 100.

Finally, it will generate the random number in Excel, as shown below.

RAND Example 2

Example #3

If you want to calculate the random number in Excel between two numbers, then we can use the RAND formula =a+ (b-a)*RAND(), where a and b may be any numbers.

The RAND formula generates the random number between two integers.

Therefore, the formula for the Random number formula in excelRandom Number Formula In ExcelWe use random numbers in Excel when we wish to generate absolutely random random numbers to randomize our data for a sample evaluation, . In Excel, there are two built-in functions that offer us random numbers in cells: the =RAND() function provides us any value from 0 to 1, and the =RANDBETWEEN() function takes user input for a random number range.read more between 5 and 10 using will be,

 =5 + (10 – 5) * RAND().

RAND Example 3

Example #4

As considered in the Example 3, to generate the random numbers between 5 and 10, we used the RAND() formula =5 + (10 – 5) * RAND(), and generated random numbers between 5 and 10. Now, apply the INT() function to round the output integer to the output’s nearest positive integer, as shown.

RAND Example 4

Example #5

The RAND function also generates random time. So, let us apply RAND(), and then change the cell format to time.

RAND Example 5

Excel RAND Function As A VBA Function

To use the RAND Excel function as a VBA Function, we enter the following VBA Code in the VBAEditor module window.

Dim RandomNumber As Integer

RandomNumber = Int ((100 – 50 + 1) * Rnd + 50)

End Sub

In this example, the variable called RandomNumber would now contain a random number between 50 and 100.

Important Things To Note

  • The RAND() function calculates a new value each time the worksheet is calculated. To overcome this problem,
    • We must convert the generated value to direct cell values.
    • We can copy the generated numbers and paste it in any other cells. Then the numbers will remain as constant.
  • Also, to stop the auto change of the RAND() value, we must go to the go-to RAND formula Excel bar, and press F9 to convert the RAND formula in Excel into its result.
  • We will get the “#NAME?” error, if we enter any cell values or cell references within the RAND() formula’s brackets. The function itself is a formula.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Where is RAND Excel function found?

The RAND Excel function is found in the “Formulas” tab as follows:

First, choose an empty cell → select the “Formulas” tab → go to the “Function Library” group → click the “Maths & Trig” drop-down → select the “RAND” function, as shown below.

RAND Excel Function - FAQ 1

2. What is the purpose of RAND function in Excel?

The RAND function helps users generate random numbers in-between any 2 integer values.

3. Why is the RAND function in Excel not working?

The RAND function may not work for the following reasons,
A cell reference is entered as the argument.
Open and close brackets are missing, i.e., the function is entered as =RAND instead of =RAND().

Recommended Articles

This article is a guide to RAND Function in Excel. Here we generate one or a range of random numbers between 0 to 1, examples and downloadable excel templates. You may also look at these useful functions in Excel: –