Statistics in Excel

Excel Statistics

In the modern data-driven business world, we have sophisticated software dedicatedly working towards “Statistical Analysis.” Amidst all these modern, technologically advanced excel software is not a bad tool to do your statistical analysis of the data. We can do all kinds of statistical analysis using excel, but you should be an advanced excel user.  In this article, we will show you some of the basic to intermediate level statistics calculations using Excel.

How to use Excel Statistical Functions?

You can download this Statistics Excel Template here – Statistics Excel Template

#1: Find Average Sale per Month

The average rate or average trend is what the decision-makers look at when they want to make some crucial and quick decisions. So finding the average sales, cost, and profit per month is the common task everybody does.

For example, look at the below data of monthly sales value, cost value, and profit value columns in excel.

excel statistical functions Example 1.0

So, by finding the average per month from the whole year, we can actually find what exactly per month numbers.

By using the AVERAGE functionUsing The AVERAGE FunctionThe AVERAGE function in Excel gives the arithmetic mean of the supplied set of numeric values. This formula is categorized as a Statistical Function. The average formula is =AVERAGE(read more, we can find the average values from 12 months, and it boils down to per month on an average.

  • Open the AVERAGE function in the B14 cell.
Example 1.1
  • Select the values from B2 to B13.
excel statistical functions Example 1.2
  • The average value for sales is
Example 1.3
  • Copy and paste the cell B14 to the other two cells as well to get the average cost and profit. The average value for the cost is
excel statistical functions Example 1.4
  • The average value for the profit is
Example 1.5

So, on an average per month, the sale value is USD 25,563, Cost Value is USD 24,550, and Profit Value is USD 1,013.

#2: Find Cumulative Total

Finding the cumulative total is another set of calculations in excel statistics. Cumulative is nothing but adding together all the previous month’s numbers together to find what the current total for the period.

Steps to find the cumulative total are as follows:

  1. For example, look at the below 6 months sales numbers.


    Statistics in Excel Example 2.0

  2. Open SUM function in C2 cells.


    Statistics in Excel Example 2.1

  3. Select the cell B2 cell and make the range reference.


    Statistics in Excel Example 2.2
    From the range of cells, make the first part of the cell reference B2 as an absolute reference by pressing the F4 key.

  4. Close the bracket and hit the enter key.


    Statistics in Excel Example 2.3

  5. Drag and drop the formula to below one cell.


    Statistics in Excel Example 2.4

  6. Now we have got the first two months’ cumulative total, i.e., at the end of the first two months, revenue was $ 53,835. Drag and drop the formula to other remaining cells.


    Statistics in Excel Example 2.5
    From this cumulative, we can actually find in which month there was a less revenue increase.

#3: Find Percentage Share

Out of twelve months, you may have got USD 1 Lakh revenue, but maybe in one month, you must have achieved the majority of the revenue, and finding the percentage share of the month actually helps us to find the percentage share of the particular month.

For example, look at the below data of the monthly revenue.

excel statistical functions Example 3

To find the percentage share first, we need to find what the overall 12 months total is, so by applying the SUM function in excelSUM Function In ExcelThe SUM function in excel adds the numerical values in a range of cells. Being categorized under the Math and Trigonometry function, it is entered by typing “=SUM” followed by the values to be summed. The values supplied to the function can be numbers, cell references or ranges.read more, find the overall sales value.

 Example 3.1

To find the % Share of each month, the formula can be used as follows.

% Share = Current Month Revenue / Overall Revenue

To apply the formula as B2 / B14.

excel statistical functions Example 3.2

The % share for Jan month is

 Example 3.3

Copy and paste the C2 cell to the below cells as well.

Statistics in Excel Example 3.5

Apply the “Percentage” format to convert the value to percentage values.

 Example 3.7

So, from the above % Share, we can clearly identify “Jun” month has the highest contribution to overall sales v, value, i.e., 11.33% and “May” month has the lowest contribution to overall sales value, i.e., 5.35%.

Statistics in Excel Example 3.8.0

#4: ANOVA Test

Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) is the statistical tool in excel used to find the best available alternative from the lot. For an example, if you are introducing a new four different kind of food to the market and you had given a sample of each food to get the opinion from the public and from the opinion score given by the public by running the ANOVA test, we can choose the best from the lot.

ANOVA is a data analysis tool available to excel under the DATA tab. By default, it is not available. You need to enable it.

Statistics in Excel Example 4.0

Below are the scores of three students from 6 different subjects.

Example 4.1

Click on the “Data Analysis” option under the “Data” tab. It will open up below the “Data Analysis” tab.

excel statistical functions Example 4.2

Scroll up and choose “Anova: Single Factor.”

 Example 4.3

Choose “Input Range” as B1 to D7 and checked in labels in the first row.

Statistics in Excel Example 4.4.0

Select the Output Range as any of the cells in the same worksheet.

 Example 4.5.0

We will have an “ANOVA” analysis-ready.

excel statistical functions Example 4.6.0

Things to Remember

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This has been a guide to statistics in excel. Here we discuss how to use excel statistical functions along with practical examples and a downloadable excel template. You may learn more about excel from the following articles –

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