Full Form of ESI

Full Form of ESI – Employees’ State Insurance

The full form of ESI is the Employees’ State Insurance. It was founded on 24 February 1952 to function as a health insurance scheme for the Indian employees, and this fund is solely managed by the ESIC (Employees’ State Insurance Corporation) as per the rules and regulations provided in the Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948 (also known as ESI Act, 1948).

Brief History of ESI

The Government of India appointed Professor B.N. Adarkar, in March 1943, to make a report on HIS (health insurance scheme) for Indian industrial workers. The report later became the basis for the formation of the Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948 that highlighted the need to safeguard the Indian employees from contingencies like illness, physical disablement (temporary/permanent), maternity, the death that take place due to the injury at the workplace that ultimately impacted their earning capacity.

The Employees’ State Insurance Scheme was implemented initially in Kanpur on February 24, 1952. The Employees’ State Insurance Act was initially only for factory workers, but as time passed by, the Act became applicable for all establishments that employ a minimum of 10 workers. On March 31, 2016, the overall beneficiaries of Employees’ State Insurance were approximately 82.8 million.

Full Form of ESI

Objectives of the ESI Act, 1948

ESI Act, 1948 has been formed solely to offer financial relief during contingencies like maternity, temporary or permanent disablement, sickness, death occur due to workplace injury, etc. The Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948, offers medical benefits to Indian workers employed in factories and in establishments that have a minimum of 10 employees along with their dependents.

Entities Covered under ESI

  • The Employees’ State Insurance Scheme is implemented throughout the nation and in every state except Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh. The Employees’ State Insurance Scheme is now extended to cinemas, preview theatres, hotels, restaurants, shops, newspaper establishments, etc. The Employees’ State Insurance Scheme is also applicable in the Medical institutions and Private educational institutions with a minimum of 10 employees.

Documents Required for ESI Registration

The documents required for Employees’ State Insurance Registration are provided below-

  1. Pan Card of the company or business establishment
  2. Address proof documents of the company or business establishment
  3. If the company is Private Limited, then it must submit copies of Certificate of Registration
  4. Registration Certificate or License that can be easily obtained under the Factories Act or Shops and Establishment Act
  5. Certificate of Registration for every company.
  6. List of workers in detail along with the monthly salary they receive.
  7. List of company’s partners, directors, and shareholders.
  8. The company’s bank statements, along with shreds of evidence that states when the same commenced its operations.

Process and Procedure after Form Verification

The following procedure must be followed by an individual to get approved for ESI registration of an establishment or a company-

Process and Procedure of ESI
  1. Form-1 (Employees’ Registration Form) must be duly filled and submitted by the company or a business establishment to apply for Employees’ State Insurance registration.
  2. The employees can also fill up and submit Form-1 on the official website of ESIC.
  3. The company or a business establishment shall receive a seventeen digit registration number after its application, and all the documents are duly verified and approved. After receiving this number, the company or business establishment can file for their filings.
  4. Employees that got registered under the ESIC scheme shall receive an ESI card once they have submitted their forms along with their details and photographs.
  5. Any additional changes like the addition of workers, etc. must be intimated to the ESIC.
The documents required for claiming Employees’ State Insurance returns are attendance register, register for Form-6, register of wages, inspection book, register of accidents, and returns and monthly invoices submitted for ESI.

What are the Benefits of ESI?

Employees’ State Insurance offers medical during any kind of injury, disablement, illness, maternity or even death (due to injury at the workplace), etc. and financial benefits during unemployment to Indian workers and their dependents. The benefits of the ESI scheme are discussed in detail below-

Benefits of ESI

#1 – Medical Benefits – The ESIC provides required reasonable medical care to Indian employees and takes care of their overall medical expenses. An employee will qualify to claim medical benefits from ESIC from the first day of their employment.

#2 – Maternity Benefits – ESIC ensures that a female employee receives benefits during her maternity period. The female employee shall receive 100 percent of the average daily salary for a period of not less than 26 weeks from the time she goes into labor, 6 weeks in case she has a miscarriage, and 12 weeks if she opts for adoption.

#3 – Physical Disability Benefits – ESIC makes sure that the employee who has physical disability receives his or her monthly salary for the overall injury period if the disability is temporary and for the entire life if the same is of a permanent nature.

#4 – Unemployment Allowance – ESIC offers monthly cash allowance for a period of not less than 24 months in cases of invalidity of a permanent nature arising from either involuntary employment loss or a non-employment injury.

#5 – Sickness Benefit – Employees’ State Insurance Corporation makes sure that employees receive a salary even during medical leaves.

#6 – Dependent Benefit – ESIC even provides monthly payments to surviving dependents if the Indian employee dies due to a workplace injury.


ESI was founded on February 24, 1952. ESI’s other benefits are funeral expenses, confinement expenses, vocational training, physical rehabilitation, and skill up-gradation training provided under RGSKY (Rajiv Gandhi Shramik Kalyan Yojana). ESI is mandatory for employers who fall under the eligibility criteria of the Employees’ State Insurance scheme.

The benefit that an employee is entitled to receive from ESI shall be passed on to his dependents in case he meets with an untimely death due to any mishap that took place at his workplace. An establishment that gets registered with Employees’ State Insurance is entitled to receive its benefits for the rest of his life. All the contributions that are required to be made must be made within a maximum of twenty-one days from the end of the previous month.

Recommended Articles

This has been a guide to the Full form of ESI, i.e. (Employees’ State Insurance) and definition. Here we discuss documents required for ESI registration, the process & procedure after form verification, and its objectives. We also discuss the benefits of ESI. You may refer to the following articles to learn more –

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