Full Form of INR – Indian Rupee
The full form of INR stands for Indian Rupee. INR is the short term for Indian rupee which is the official currency for the country India, and its issue is regulated and controlled by the RBI or the Reserve Bank of India which also derives its role and functions in the currency management as per the Reserve Bank of India, 1934.
Brief Explanation of INR
INR is the official currency of India. Since 2010, INR is denominated by “₹” instead of “Rs”. D. Udaya Kumar designed the “₹” for INR. One INR is equal to 100 paise. One rupee coins are the lowest value that is used in the country. Reserve Bank of India or RBI takes care of the issuance of the currencies in India.
Modern Coins and Bank Notes
#1 – Modern Coins
The RBI issues rupee coin in different metals for denominations like 50 paisa coin, 1 rupee coin, 2 rupee coin, 5 rupee coin, and 10 rupee coin. Most of these coins feature Ashoka which happens to be the emblem of India.
#2 – Bank Notes
The RBI issued banknotes in denominations like one, two, five, ten, twenty, fifty, hundred, two hundred, five hundred and two thousand. All these denominations (except the one rupee note) feature Mahatma Gandhi’s portrait on the opposite side. The one rupee note bears a picture of the rupee coin.
Types of the INR
The different types of INR are mentioned below-
- One Rupee Coin
- One Rupee Note
- Two Rupee Coin
- Two Rupee Note
- Five Rupee Coin
- Five Rupee Note
- Ten Rupee Coin
- Ten Rupee Note
- Twenty Rupee Note
- Fifty Rupee Note
- One Hundred Rupee Note
- Two Hundred Rupee Note
- Five Hundred Rupee Note
- Two Thousand Rupee Note
How the INR is Managed?
INR is managed by RBI. This means the regulation and control of INR are taken care of by the Reserve bank of India. The government of India, only upon the advice of the RBI, decides on the issue of various denominations of banknotes. The RBI manages all the Indian currency-related operations by means of nineteen Issue offices that are located at Belapur, Bangalore, Ahmedabad, Bhubaneshwar, Kolkata, Lucknow, Kanpur, Jammu, Jaipur, Chennai, Hyderabad, Guwahati, Chandigarh, Patna, New Delhi, Nagpur, Mumbai, and Thiruvananthapuram. These Issue offices receive new banknotes from the printing presses. The New Delhi, Hyderabad, Mumbai, and Kolkata are the first ones to receive coins from the mints. The small coins are stocked at the small coin depots and the rupee notes and banknotes at the currency chests.
Security Issues in INR
There are various security issues with the Indian Rupee. One of the most prominent issues with INR is the circulation of duplicate and fake currency notes. It is illegal to develop and use duplicate currencies but still the crime does not really seem to end. Fake Indian currencies are mostly used for terrorism-related activities. The terrorist activities are largely funded with the help of the duplicate Indian currencies. These fake currencies flow all over from neighboring countries like Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal.
The terrorists take fake currencies into their use for successfully being able to cripple the economy of India and to pave ways for economic terror. Duplicate Indian currency is one of the tactics used by Econo-Jihad of terrorist groups whose only aim is to spread hatred and terrorism all across the globe. The neighboring countries send millions of dollars to India for terrorism purposes. The involvement of ISI is very prominent in this terrorism racket.
For eliminating the issues pertaining to fake currencies and minimizing terrorism from the country, the government of India came up with a perfect strategy named “Demonetization”. This strategy was implemented overnight where ₹ 500 and ₹ 1000 notes were banned by the government. Only ₹ 500 and ₹ 1000 note was banned by the government because these were the highest value notes during that time and the duplication of these notes was comparatively more than the lower value notes. The government of India offered numerous security features in the Indian currency notes of all denomination value for keeping them completely safe from counterfeiting. It is very substantial for people to know about the security features with respect to each and every Indian currency notes of various denomination values for ensuring that they are not getting fooled by criminals.
For example INR 500 note which is newly issued by the Reserve Bank of India is grey in colour with a dimension of 63mm*150mm and a theme of Red Fort while the 2000 Rs note is magenta in color with a dimension of 66 mm * 166 mm and a theme of India’s very first venture that is Motif of Mangalayan. Both these notes have a see-through register and latent image in the denominational numeral. The denominational numeral is mentioned in Devnagari. In an INR 500 note, the portrait of Mahatma Gandhi is provided in the center which is facing towards the right side while in the case of INR 200 note, the portrait of Mahatma Gandhi is placed exactly at the center. The Ashoka pillar emblem is also placed on the right side of both the notes. It has a portrait and an electrotype watermark. These notes bear a guarantee clause and the Governor’s signature along with one promise clause.
INR is the official currency for India. INR stands for Indian Rupee. RBI is the only body that is charged with the responsibility of the issue of currency notes and its circulation. Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 decides the RBI’s role with respect to currency management. One rupee coins are the lowest denomination value in India while INR 2000 is the highest denomination value in the country. The government of India came up with new INR 500 and INR 2000 notes a few days after demonetization that has various security features to disallow duplication of the same.
This has been a guide to the Full Form of INR i.e (Indian Rupee) and definition. Here we discuss security issues in INR, types of INR and how INR is managed. You may refer to the following articles to learn more about finance –