## Formula to Calculate GDP Per Capita of the Country

GDP Per Capita Formula can be defined as the measurement of the output of the country which considers its number of people as well.

The formula for calculating GDP Per Capita is represented as follows

**GDP Per Capita = GDP of the Country / Population of that Country**

- GDP per capita can be said to be a measure of a nation’s economic output which shall account for its population that is the count of the person.
- The formula divides the nation’s gross domestic product that is the GDP by its number of people, in short, the total population of the nation. This would make a better measurement of a nation’s standard of living.
- Further, if one is looking at just one point in time then Nominal GDP can be used and if one is comparing across timeline then Real GDP would make better sense.

### Examples

#### Example #1

**Country X is a growing small economy. Last year the country has reported its GDP around $400 million and the population of the country as per the last census report available is 200,000. You are required to calculate GDP per capita or the country X.**

**Solution**

Use below given data for calculation of GDP Per Capita.

- GDP of Country X: 400000000
- Population of Country X: 200000

** **Calculation of GDP Per Capita can be done as follows:

= $400,000,000 / 200,000

**GDP Per Capita will be –**

**GDP Per Capita = $2000**

Therefore, the GDP per capita of country X is $2000.

#### Example #2

**Country MCX is trying to figure out the GDP of the country and also then wants to know what the GDP is and per capita of the country. The statistic department of the government has provided them with the below data:**

Use below given data for calculation of GDP Per Capita.

Particulars |
2017 |
2018 |

Private Consumption | 1330000000.00 | 1945790000.00 |

Gross Investment | 465500000.00 | 742938000.00 |

Government Investment | 6650000000.00 | 9021390000.00 |

Imports | 997500000.00 | 1180740750.00 |

Exports | 3325000000.00 | 4554917500.00 |

The elections of the nation are due next year, and the president is concerned if they made growth in GDP per capita? As per the last census conducted, the population of the country is 3,237,450,050. It was estimated that the population since the last census would have grown at 3% and 5% for the year 2017 and 2018 respectively.

Based on available information, you are required to estimate the GDP Per Capita.

**Solution**

The GDP figure is not mentioned directly here and therefore we shall calculate the GDP of the country first by using the expenditure method in which all the investment is added and only imports are deducted.

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GDP of the country for the Year 2017 is as follows

- = (130000000+465500000+6650000000)+3325000000-997500000
**GDP of the Country =10773000000**

GDP of the country for the Year 2018 is as follows

- = (1945790000+742938000+9021390000)+4554917500-1180740750
**GDP of the Country = 15084294750**

Further, there has been also growth in the population of the country.

The population has grown by 3% and 5% for the year 2017 and 2018 based upon the last census count.

**Population of the Country for the Year 2017 is as follows –**

- =3237450050*3%
**Population of the Country for the Year 2017 = 97123501.50**

**Population of the Country for the Year 2018 is as follows –**

- =3237450050*5%
**Population of the Country for the Year 2018 = 161872502**

Therefore, calculation of GDP Per Capita for the Year 2017 is as follows

=10773000000/97123501.50

** GDP Per Capita will be –**

**GDP Per Capita = 110.92**

Therefore, calculation of GDP Per Capita for the Year 2018 is as follows

=15084294750/161872502.50

**GDP Per Capita will be –**

**GDP Per Capita = 93.19**

Therefore, the GDP per capita of country MCX has diminished from the year 2017.

#### Example #3

**As per the data available on the worldpopulationview.com, the GDP and the population of the various countries are available per below**:

Use below given data for calculation of GDP Per Capita.

Particulars |
USA |
China |
Japan |
India |
United Kingdom |

GDP |
21410230000000 | 15543710000000 | 5362220000000 | 3155230000000 | 3022580000000 |

Population |
329064917 | 1433783686 | 126860301 | 1366417754 | 67530172 |

You are required to calculate the GDP Per Capita and comment upon the same.

**Solution**

Therefore, the calculation of GDP Per Capita is as follows

= 21410230000000/329064917

**GDP Per Capita will be –**

**GDP Per Capita = 65063.85**

Similarly, we can calculate GDP Per Capita for other countries as shown below

It can be observed that the population of India and China is more and hence their GDP per capita is depicting a low figure. Further, the GDP of India is more than the United Kingdom but again due to its oversize population, it’s showing that India is way behind than UK which doesn’t appear when the only GDP is compared. The USA is doing well in absolute GDP and per capita as well. Japan is having the advantage of a lower population and hence it is per capita is good.

### Relevance and Use of GDP Per Capita Formula

Per capita GDP can serve as an informal measure of a country’s prosperity; while making a comparison if there are nations with disproportionately large economies and relatively small populations then the ranking will be dominated by those richest and affluent nations. Henceforth, more developed industrial countries, rich countries, and smaller ones shall tend to have the GDP per capita the highest. As the developing countries grow economically, their GDP per capita shall tend to come in line with the most developed countries.

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