- What is Macroeconomics?
- The Top 10 Economic Indicators
- Real GDP
- Nominal GDP
- Nominal GDP vs Real GDP
- GDP vs GNP
- CRR vs SLR
- Budget Deficit
- Monetary Policy
- Fiscal Policy
- Fiscal Policy vs Monetary Policy
- CPI vs RPI (Top Differences)
- Current Account vs Capital Account
- Balance of Trade
- Balance of Trade vs Balance of Payments
- Bank Rate vs Repo Rate
- Inflation vs Interest Rate
- Repo Rate vs Reverse Repo Rate
- Open Market Operations
- Expansionary Monetary Policy
- Contractionary Monetary Policy
- Recessionary Gap
- Rate of Inflation Formula
- Deflation vs Disinflation
- Foreign Direct Investment
- Normative Economics
- Positive Economics
- Positive Economics vs Normative Economics
- Quantitative Easing
- Differences between Economic Growth and Economic Development
- Macroeconomics vs Microeconomics
- Economies of Scale vs Economies of Scope
- Elastic vs Inelastic Demand
- Finance vs Economics
- Behavioural Economics
- Diseconomies of Scale
- Economic Profit
- Monopoly vs Monopolistic Competition
- Monopoly vs Oligopoly
- Perfect Competition vs Monopolistic Competition
- Disposable Income
What is Nominal GDP?
Nominal GDP is the sum-total of all the goods, finished products, services produced during a particular year at the current market price.
As we note from above, India is set to become the fifth largest economy by nominal gross domestic product.
Nominal GDP calculation is easy. Here’s why –
- Firstly, it is calculated on the basis of the market price of the current year. That means all the current market changes would be adjusted while calculation nominal GDP.
- Secondly, nominal gross domestic product doesn’t take inflation into effect.
Let’s now look at how we can calculate nominal GDP.
How to calculate Nominal GDP?
Calculating nominal GDP is pretty easy. For ease of understanding, we will assume that there is a small country which produces only one fruit – mangoes.
- Let’s say that a country named “T” produces 1000 kilogram of mangoes in 2015. The price per kilogram is $10. That means, in 2015, the GDP is $10,000.
- Similarly, we will look at the GDP of the country “T” in the year 2016. In 2016, country “T” produces 1300 kilogram of mangoes. And the price increased to $13 per kilogram. That means, in 2016, the GDP is $16,900.
We calculate nominal gross domestic product to see whether there is any productivity or not. Through it, we will just look at the overall result.
In this case, if we compare the output of 2015 and 2016, we will see that the productivity of 2016 is better since the output is more.
Now, you may ask how come 2016 has become more productive. As per the nominal GDP, it’s based on the market price of the current year. So, we can only compare as per the current market price. That’s why 2016 is more productive. But in reality, the actual growth should be measured by the increase in the quantity produced a year to year. That can only be done in real GDP.
Do have a look at the differences between real GDP and nominal GDP
Advantages of Nominal GDP
Nominal gross domestic product has a couple of advantages which attract people to calculate the GDP in a nominal way. Let’s have a look at them –
- It’s very easy to ascertain: There’s no complexity in nominal gross domestic product. All you need to understand is current market price and how much quantity the country has produced during a year. As the current market price is easy to know and the quantity produced during the year can be gathered easily, nominal GDP is easy to calculate.
- Easy to understand: It is easy to understand. If you look at the nominal gross domestic product of two consecutive years, you would be able to tell just by a glance which year is more productive for the country. But the economists don’t think this way. They want to go deep within the productivity of the country. That’s why they prefer real GDP instead of nominal GDP. Thus, it is a preferred choice for the layman, but not for the economists.
Disadvantages of Nominal GDP
Unfortunately, the disadvantages of nominal GDP are more apparent than the advantages of it. Let’s have a look –
- It doesn’t consider the effect of inflation: This is a big negative. Inflation affects an economy so very intensely. And not considering the effect of inflation in computing GDP is a big no. Not considering inflation for computation of nominal gross domestic product may be easier, but not a valid computation for experts in the field.
- It can’t compare the intricacies of price and quantity: To understand the productivity of the economy, one must compare the result of two years. And it’s not only the total output that matters because the price has always been changing. What matters, rather, is the quantity produced in a year. If we can compare that, then we would be able to understand whether the economy is growing or not. Nominal gross domestic product can’t compare the intricacies of price and quantity.
- It doesn’t compare similar results: Comparing the result of previous year at previous year’s market price with the result of this year with this year’s market price isn’t the right thing to do; because there are many factors that have changed or remained same. That’s why we need to take a base price / quantity to reach the right conclusion.
Nominal GDP is sum total of all services, goods and finished products produced in a country. Nominal gross domestic product is very easy to calculate as it based on the current market prices of the goods and it is also very easy to understand. however, its key disadvantages are that it doesn’t consider the effect of inflation and it can’t compare the relationships between price and quantity.
This has been a guide to What is Nominal GDP, Nominal gross domestic product calculation along with its advantages and disadvantages. You may also have a look at these articles below to learn more.