Hlookup in excel is very similar to Vlookup in excel, Hlookup is a referencing worksheet function in excel which uses a reference and finds and matches the value from a row instead of a column, that is why the name was given to this function as Hlookup which means horizontal lookup where we search for data horizontally in rows.
HLOOKUP on Excel (Table of Contents)
Hlookup in Excel
HLOOKUP Function is used for horizontally searching the value in the table array and provides the value from the same column based on the given index_number. In HLOOKUP the “H” represents the “Horizontal” as it will search the value moving horizontally to the right in the table_array.
Basically, HLOOKUP Excel function retrieves the value horizontally in the table data as similar to the Vlookup function used for vertical lookup the value in table_array.
Explanation of HLOOKUP Function in Excel
There are four parameters are used in HLOOKUP function in which three are compulsory and one is optional.
- Lookup_value: lookup_value represents the value which you want to search in table array, it can be a valuable reference and a string passed in the Hlookup formula.
- Table_array: table_array is the raw data where you want to search for lookup value.
- Row_index_num: Row_index_num is the number of rows in table array from which you need the required details for a particular lookup value.
- [Range_lookup]: [Range_looup] is an optional parameter where the value will be 0 or 1.
Here 0 stands for exact match value and 1 stands for approximate match value.
How to use HLOOKUP in excel?
This function is very simple and easy to use. Let’s understands the working of HLOOKUP with examples.
Consider the below table as raw table and we need the specific data from the raw table.
Suppose you need a region-wise data of total sales, profit, and date like the show in the below table.
For Profit: =HLOOKUP($A10,$A$4:$E$7,2,0), output will be 575.
For Sales: =HLOOKUP($A10,$A$4:$E$7,3,0), output will be 120.
For Date: =HLOOKUP($A10,$A$4:$E$7,4,0), output will be 5/30/2018.
Let’s pick another Hlookup example here to understand the exact match value and approximate match value in HLOOKUP function in Excel.
Consider the below data as table_array or raw data.
And you need to find out the percentage of data 1st Jan and 2nd April.
For 1st April: =HLOOKUP(A20,A15:E16,2,0) or =HLOOKUP(A20,A15:E16,2,False) here false for exact match value.
For 2nd April: =HLOOKUP(A21,A15:E16,2,1) or =HLOOKUP(A20,A15:E16,2,True) here true is for approximate match value.
Things to Remember
- HLOOKUP function in excel is a case-insensitive lookup. It means if you write “tanuj” and “Tanuj” it will treat it same no effect on the output due to letter case.
- There is a limitation in HLOOKUP that is the ‘Lookup_value’ should be the topmost row of the ‘table_array’. If you need to retrieve the data from something else row than other excel formula is used in place of HLOOKUP in excel.
- HLOOKUP supports special characters such as “*” or “?” in the ‘lookup_value’ parameter only if ‘lookup_value’ is a text string.
Error in HLOOKUP Function
There are three kinds of error which can come in HLOOKUP function in excel due to wrong arguments.
- #N/A error: HLOOKUP returns the #N/A error if ‘range_lookup’ is FALSE/0 sets to exact match and HLOOKUP function in excel is unable to find the ‘lookup_value’ in the given table_array.
- #Value error: If the supplied ‘row_index_num’ < 1 and < the number of columns in table_array then HLOOKUP would return VALUE! error.
- #REF! error:If the supplied ‘row_index_num’ < the number of columns in table_array then Hlookup in excel would return #REF! error.
- The HLOOKUP function can only retrieve the first value matched value in the table_array that matches the lookup value.
If there are a few duplicate records in the table_array, then it will return first match value to avoid this situation you can remove the duplicates values from table_array then apply HLOOKUP in Excel.
If duplicate records should be kept in the dataset, create a PivotTable to group your data the way you want or you may use an array formula to extract all duplicate values in the lookup range
HLOOKUP Function Video
This has been a guide to HLOOKUP in Excel. Here we discuss its Formula and how to use HLOOKUP function along with practical examples and downloadable excel templates. You may also look at these useful functions in excel