VLOOKUP for Text (Table of Contents)
VLOOKUP with Text
One of the basic criteria to work with VLOOKUP is “lookup” value should be same in result cell and also in the main data table, but sometimes even though lookup value looks same in either cell still we end up getting error value as #N/A!. This is because the format of the vlookup value must be different in either cell. So in this article, we will show you how to work with text format of the Vlookup value.
Example of VLOOKUP for Text
Below is an example of excel VLOOKUP for text.
Sometimes numbers are stored as text values and in such cases, we cannot treat them as numbers because of the functionality of excel. For an example look at the below data.
In the above data, everything looks like numbers but when we sum it we should get a total value of 3712054 but when we apply SUM excel function we get the below number.
The reason behind this is because some numbers are stored as text values. So, how do we identify text values?
We can identify text values by using the ISNUMBER excel function. ISNUMBER function will return TRUE if the selected cell value is number or else it will return FALSE.
So in cell B5 & B6, we got the result as FALSE that means A5 & A6 cell numbers are stored as text values.
VLOOKUP Requires Exact Number Format
For example, look at the below data to apply VLOOKUP function.
From Table 1 we need to apply VLOOKUP function to get the revenue column to result in Table 2.
So, apply the VLOOKUP function in table 2.
We get the following result.
The result of the VLOOKUP function in cells E6 & E7 shows #N/A!.
Let’s look at the lookup values.
This usually happens in numbers of lookup values, the main reason should be the format of the numbers in both the tables aren’t the same. So in such cases, we need to identify in which table numbers are stored as text.
Apply the ISNUMBER function to identify non-numerical values.
As we can see ISNUMBER identified non-numerical value in Table 2.
When the main table data is correct and result table numbers stored as text then we need to convert the text formatted numbers to numerical values first and then apply VLOOKUP. There are several ways we can do this, below are methods.
Method 1: Convert text formatted numbers to numerical values through Paste Special
First, enter number 1 in any of the cells in the worksheet and copy that cell.
Now select outlet ID values in table 2 and open Paste Special dialogue box.
To open paste special dialogue box press ALT + E + S.
We get the following dialogue box.
In the paste special window select “multiply” as the option.
Press ok, it will convert all the text formatted numbers to numerical values and VLOOKUP now automatically fetch the data from Table 1.
Method 2: Convert By Using VALUE Function
VALUE function is used to convert text formatted numbers to numerical values. As we can see our VLOOKUP didn’t fetch the data because of the format of the lookup value.
To overcome this issue which applying the lookup function we need to enclose VALUE function.
Look at the above formula, I have enclosed the lookup function with VALUE function. Since we have applied VALUE function inside the VLOOKUP function it will first convert the non-numerical values to numerical values first, then VLOOKUP treats them as numerical values only.
Method 3: What if Numbers are Stored as Text in Main Table
We have seen how to convert text values to numbers in result table but what is numbers are stored as text values in the main table itself.
As we can in the above image in the main table (Table 1) itself values are stored as text. In such cases, we need to enclose TEXT function for the lookup value in VLOOKUP function.
The problem here is TEX function converts even the numerical values to text values and so some of the values which are stored as numerical values will not work in this function. For this, we need to enclose the IFERROR condition.
IFERROR condition tests whether the lookup value is numerical or not, if it is numerical we will apply normal LOOKUP or else we will apply TEXT function.
So like this, we need extensive knowledge about formulas to work with VLOOKUP at the advanced level and at different scenarios.
Things to Remember
- The TRIM function also converts text values to numerical values.
- First, we need to test in which table numbers are stored as text.
- ISNUMBER returns TRUE if the selected cell value is number or else it will return FALSE.
This has been a guide to VLOOKUP for Text. Here we discuss how to use VLOOKUP for text along with examples and downloadable excel template. You may learn more about excel from the following articles –