How to Get Into Investment Banking

How to Get Into Investment Banking?

Considering only footballers and celebrities get paid more than investment bankers, the investment banking industry is a tough nut to crack. However, to crack every tough nut, there are some pre-requisites, steps, and protocols. In investment banking as well, you need to follow a step-by-step approach to getting in.

how to get into investment banking

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Let’s get right into it and see how to get into Investment Banking?

#1 – Understanding how Investment Banks Recruits

The #1 strategy to get into investment banking is that you should know the industry through and through.

To know your industry, you need to do some research (if you’re completely naïve). Go through the resources on Investment Banking to get an update about what’s going on in the investment banking industry. And also know about the recruitment process (in detail).

Let’s dig in and see a brief overview of how the investment banking industry works –

  • Be ready for a strict recruitment process: Banks are pretty strict about their recruitment processes and that’s the reason it’s hard for a newbie to get through. So if you want to be part of the investment banking industry, you need to be good (on the certificate and in the practical application of knowledge).
  • Know that banks prefer newbies: Banks prefer fresh graduates who have no expectations or ideas about working hours. To work in investment banks, you need to work 100+ hours a week and hiring students who have no idea is always helpful.
  • Top-notch university graduates are always ahead of the curve: Banks always prefer students from top-notch universities like Wharton, Harvard, Oxford, Stanford, etc. So if you are planning to go into investment banking make sure that you are from first-tier universities; otherwise it would be difficult for you to break in. You can also take the CFA ExamCFA ExamThe Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA®) Program offers a graduate-level curriculum and examination program designed to expand your working knowledge and practical skills related to investment decision-making. read more to better your chances of getting a shortlist.
  • Banks prefer interns: If you are not part of a top-notch university, you can take a different route. You can land an internship with a top-notch bank. A couple of great internships can help you get into the holy grail of investment banking and you will also be able to experience the industry directly. These internships will get you the analyst role which is really the entry point to get into investment banking. Also, read Investment Banking Internship.

#2 – Entry points – Knowing where you can begin

The #2 strategy to get into investment banking is to know the entry points.

There are primarily two entry-level positions that you should aim for if you want to go for M&A profiles. You have other options as well in audit, accounting, sales, and other options. But if you talk about a lucrative career in investment bankingCareer In Investment BankingAn investment banking personnel is a motivated professional who aims to help their clients reach their financial goals and objectives. The top four investment banking careers are - Analyst, Associate, Vice president, Managing director. read more, it’s M&A. Let’s have a look at the two entry points of M&A profiles in investment banking –

Analysts

This is the junior-most position in investment banking. Normally undergraduate students or master’s degree holders are selected for this position directly. In a few cases, banks also consider people who have 1-2 years of experience. Analysts are hard workers in the industry. After working 3-4 years in the industry, they switch to private equity, hedge fundsHedge FundsA hedge fund is an aggressively invested portfolio made through pooling of various investors and institutional investor’s fund. It supports various assets providing high returns in exchange for higher risk through multiple risk management and hedging techniques.read more, or other bigger banks.

Associates

Associates are selected from top-notch MBA universities in most cases. Sometimes they are selected from the talent pool of analysts. They supervise analysts and directly work with the big shots of the industry like partners, managing directors. Usually, associates don’t leave and switch within a few years; they stay and aim for promotion in the long run. One of the reasons for which it becomes difficult for them to switch is barriers to entry in other domains. Do have a look at Investment Banking Associates.

Here is the list of top Investment Banks –

#3 – Preparing yourself – Setting up the strategy to get in

The #3 strategy to get into investment banking is to prepare yourself.

If you do what everyone does to get into investment banking, then maybe your application will end up in the heaps of rejected files! So, you need to make the effort to stand out from the crowd. Here’s what you should do to get into the investment banking –

  • Plan ahead: If you ever dream of getting into investment banking, you need to act earlier. If you think of an investment career after getting into employment elsewhere, it would be difficult for you to break in. So, plan early and take the following steps.
  • Concentrate on the knowledge as well as marks: Only knowledge won’t count. You need to have proof of it. People who have great GPAs will easily impress the top banks and they will be the first preference for interviewers.
  • Do an MBA from the top-notch Institute: It is difficult to score high in investment banking without an MBA from a top-notch institute. Top tier banks usually hire MBAs because of the following reasons –
    • When you get into the top-notch MBA Institute, a pre-screening is already done; otherwise, you wouldn’t have been chosen in the first place. It saves banks time to screen top-class candidates from general ones.
    • During your MBA days, you learn a lot about the complexities of financial models and you are always on your toes to submit the project, write a detailed analytical report, & build the toughest financial models. That saves banks the cost of training you.
    • After MBA, you directly join as an associate (in most of the cases), you are given a lot of responsibilities and you don’t need to do all the work (you can delegate the most to analysts under you). As a result, the attrition rate at banks gets reduced.
  • Build networks: Online applications don’t work. How can online applications beat-up face to face relationships? Instead of submitting applications, call up the top bankers directly and ask for advice or suggestion about how to get into investment banking. They will suggest to you and help you understand how to get in. Moreover, you will have a relationship built up with them instantly. During your MBA as well, build a network as much as you can. Talk to people who have already passed out of the institute. Build rapport with the professors. And also with students who would have different backgrounds and different things to share. Building networks will always triumph online applications.

#4 – Master Investment Banking Technical Skills

The #4 strategy to get into investment banking is to master the Investment Banking technical skills.

According to research, it takes 6 seconds for a recruiter to slide through a resume before she selects or rejects a resume. For investment bankers, it would take even lesser time. So take the time to build a resume that will help you stand out in the crowd. Make the resume shorter and also make sure that you answer this question in your resume – “why you’re the best person for analysts/associate position in investment banking?” The resume should easily be scanned under 10 seconds.

As mentioned earlier you need to be the best of the best to crack the job in M&A profiles in investment banking. You should have the ability to work harder than anyone in the room plus you need to be top-notch in your skills e.g. financial modeling, accounting, valuation, Excel, writing skills.

#5 – Master Investment Banking Soft Skills

The #5 strategy to learn how to get into investment banking is to master communication.

  • Start with this checklist: Investment banking is not something that everyone is made of. With just 20,000 entry-level jobs globally, it would be impossible for you to get in if you don’t tick “yes” for most of the following checklist –
    • You know the field through and through.
    • You are the hardest worker in the room (read 100 hours a week).
    • You are a person who has the gift of connecting with people personally.
    • You are always presentable and very well dressed.
    • You ask very good questions during a conversation.
    • You are a voracious reader and always try to improve your knowledge base.
    • You are a great salesman.
  • Become a great salesman: Most candidates neglect this skill. But if you choose to earn havoc in investment banking, this is the most important skill. On a regular basis, you will handle deals from small to big, but one thing is always common – it is your ability to make the sales. Better you’re in your ability to sell, better would be your compensation at the end of the month.
  • Work on your communication: Of course, when you are aiming to get into investment banking profiles, you must be a great communicator. But we are talking about an extraordinary communicator who can deliver great presentations whenever required and who can make sales call so very well that the customer feels he is the best guy to buy from. If you’re great that won’t cut. You need to be the best communicator among all.

#6 – Finally – Investment Banking 101

The #6 way to learn how to get into investment banking is to create your own story.

By now, you know what you need to do to get into investment banking. If you follow the above steps and build the skills, you will certainly get into the analyst role. But the hard part is taking action. Here are a few tips to help you get started right away –

  • Structure your story: You need to tell a story that sells. And for that, you need to be proactive. Structure your story in the following manner –
    • First, create a beginning. Talk about where you are from, what you did, and how you have come here.
    • Next, talk about your financial intelligence. You need to tell briefly how you got to know about M&A advisory in investment banking.
    • Then, talk about how you grew your interest in investment banking. Talk about your internships (if any) plus any professional training that you took. You may enroll for Investment Banking Course and demonstrate your IB Skills.
    • Finally, talk about what future you hold before your eyes, the deals you want to close, the funds you want to work on, the value you want to add.
  • Share your story everywhere: Whenever you’re networking or cold calling a banker, make sure that you are sharing your story. The story will highlight all your strong points (and why you should be the most preferred candidate for M&A advisory) and make it as brief as you can.
  • Gather contacts and cold call them: Go to social media websites and investment banking networking events where you can network and gather contacts. Then sort out all the contacts and cold call them. Cold calling will help you get an internship (if not a position of the analyst) in an investment bank.
  • Prepare for interview questions: Preparing for interviews in advance will help you ace more interviews. So, look at different interview questions that are asked in investment bankingInterview Questions That Are Asked In Investment BankingThe purpose of this Investment Banking Interview Questions and Answers is simply to help you learn about the investment banking interview topics.read more and prepare them in your own way. Better preparation always yields better results.
  • Remember three things: First, when work is there, there’s no time to sleep. Second, don’t make mistakes; don’t ever. Third, the greed of better pay, compensation, salary, profit, bonus, benefits is good. If you don’t have these or don’t want to develop these three traits, an investment banking career is not for you.

Conclusion

Finally, Investment banking profiles are not for everybody. Earning $100,000 to $150,000 per annum plus bonus is not for everybody. You need to work 100+ hours per week which will leave you only 68 hours to take care of your family, health, do your chores and fix other things. You need to prioritize to put your work first before anything else. You need to make the trade-off if you really want to get into investment banking.

If you want to get into investment banking, don’t think; take the first step right away.

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Reader Interactions

Comments

  1. Subhasis Patnaik says

    Thank you so much Mr. Dheeraj. Your articles and explanations are extraordinary and very helpful too. I am a Commerce Graduate looking forward to make a good start in Investment banking sector. After coming across your courses and articles, things r making perfect sense for me now and m expecting highly, a good future ahead in Investment banking sector.
    Thanks again..continue shining..

    • Dheeraj Vaidya says

      Thanks for your kind words!

  2. vishal says

    Hi Anil sir, I have been reading your articles and they are very helpfull. I have a question for you. I have done engineering but I am working for a proprietary trading firm as an associate equity trader. I basically trade stocks listed in dow Jones and NASDAQ. Can I take this job as an long time career opportunity. Please share your views about this job profile.
    Thank you

    • Dheeraj Vaidya says

      Hi Vishal, It’s an excellent option! You may consider a trading job as a long term career provided you like trading in stocks. Just be mindful that it is fast paced and many are unable to cope up with the speed and stress.

  3. shrikant kulkarni says

    Dear Dheeraj,

    i am interested in financial analysts course. pl share details.

    thanks

    Shrikant

    • Dheeraj Vaidya says

      Hi Shrikant, my colleague will get back to you on this.

  4. RAHUL says

    Thanks a lot!!!
    You give the best advise in the industry, and it keeps getting better!!!!

    • Dheeraj Vaidya says

      thanks Rahul!

  5. Anil says

    Hi dhiraj sir
    I follow all your blog its very knowledegeble and helpful for my carrer…..
    I have one question sir i got an opportunity in indian investment bank as equity advisor/ RM, can i take this opportunity as a long time carrer and do this profile have scope?

    • Dheeraj Vaidya says

      Hi Anil, you can surely take up the profile and make this a long term career. Just make sure that you learn the tricks of this game and commit yourselves totally into it. With this, you will find a lot of success.

  6. James says

    Very good article . May I ask you a personal question ? You were very successful as an analyst then why did you quit ?

    Didn’t you want to be a Fund Manager or Research Head or set up your own PMS / PE firm ?

    • Dheeraj Vaidya says

      Hey James, thanks for asking this question :-). I quit my role as an analyst as I always dreamt of starting something on my own. I am based in India and I feel there is a big market in education sector primarily due to lack of quality and affordable training. This is where we thought we can contribute by merging techology with education and started http://www.educba.com (an online learning platform with more than 3500+ courses).