What is Pitch books in Investment Banking?
Pitch Book is an information layout or presentation that is used by the investment banks, business brokers, corporate firms etc that provides with the firm’s main attributes and valuation analysis which helps the potential investors to decide whether they should invest in business of the client or not and also this information is known as Confidential Information Memorandum which is used by the sales department of the firm to help them sell products and the services to attract new clients.
Investment Banking Pitchbook is the word most dreaded by the Analysts and Associates in any investment banks. I must tell you that making a Perfect Pitchbook lies the secret behind bagging those million-dollar deals. And that is why Investment Bankers work for a hundred hours a week.
PitchBook Simple Example
Suppose your friend wants to buy a new Smartphone. He is new to smartphones and is not sure of the configurations or comparisons. On the other hand, you are an expert in smartphones, and you like to keep yourselves updated with the latest trends, technologies, apps, pricing, features, etc.
Now assuming that your friend seeks your advice on which smartphone to buy?
You agree to help your friend and prepare a rough written draft writing down key features of the best 2-3 smartphones, their configuration, their reviews, best buy price, etc. With this, your friend has a fair idea of which smartphone to buy; he can further decide to go for the suggested smartphone.
Let us compare this example to the Investment Banking example as follows:
You: Investment Banker (expert)
Your Friend: Client of Investment Banking firm (who needs advice, help)
Your explaining key features of a smartphone: Investment Banker Pitch
Paper of SmartPhone Features & Comparisons: Pitchbook
The investment bankers talk about how they are best in the industry and give clients all the data and information about a particular deal through an Investment Banking Pitchbook.
Uses of Pitch Books
#1 – They are Marketing devices
- They act as a marketing device that is used by all the investment banks around the world.
- It is indispensable to the investment banks while marketing themselves to the clients.
- It exemplifies a valuable and comprehensive marketing material.
- They act as the starting point of initial pitch or sales introduction for the investment bank when it is trying to seek new business.
#2 – Should have Investment Actions well specified
- It must have a diligent as well as proper analysis of the investment actions of the current or the potential client of the bank.
- It should be designed and crafted in such a way that it is successful in securing a deal with current or potential clients.
- The approach of the investment banks while making the sales is highly formalized and official. Often they follow a tailored and highly effective sales strategy.
- It offers the bank a chance to show and prove why the clients should choose them among the wide variety of financing and other sources of capital.
- Many contributors to the Investment bank help in the process of pitch book preparation. It involves analysts, associate, vice-president, senior vice-president, head of the team, and the managing director.
- Managing Directors are the ones who will bring the initial idea for a pitch. The aim here is to give financial solutions to clients by offering banks products and services.
- Due to the many ideas for an Investment Banking Pitchbook comes from the Managing Directors, the lower level of the Investment banks is loaded with a tremendous amount of work.
- It means that the analysts have to make sure that they include the latest company and industry information in this with no analytical or typographical errors.
Step by Step Guide to Creating an Investment Banking PitchBook
Let us first see one sample PitchBook Example
#1 – Capabilities and Qualifications of the Investment Bank
- In this section, the Investment Bank will stress why they are the best in the industry.
- The information about how they rank with respect to their competitors in terms of the products and services will be given here.
- You can find the Ranking information for mergers and acquisitions, debt, equity, and other derivative products.
- This ranking table, in comparison to other Investment Banks firms, is known as the league table rankings.
#2 – Market Updates
This section gives the client information about the current market trends and the environment.
- Why this section has so much importance as in market turmoil, clients seek the Investment Banks’ thoughts on the direction of the market or the optimal time to do a transaction.
It is important for the investment banks to have a smart perspective about the market situations.
#3- Transaction Section
This section gives the client the bank’s perspective on the following:
- Potential buyers and sellers in Mergers and Acquisitions
- Amount of capital that can be raised and it’s pricing
- Timing and Process for the transactions
- Valuations for sale or acquisition targets
The following is the primary analysis that you may find in the Transaction section:
a) Comparable Analysis
- This analysis includes benchmarking the client against its peers.
- The statistics that are considered in the comparative analysis are sales, earnings, valuation multiples like PE MultiplePE MultipleThe price to earnings (PE) ratio measures the relative value of the corporate stocks, i.e., whether it is undervalued or overvalued. It is calculated as the proportion of the current price per share to the earnings per share. , PBV multiplePBV MultiplePrice to Book Value Ratio or P/B Ratio helps to identify stock opportunities in Financial companies, especially banks, and is used with other valuation tools like PE Ratio, PCF, EV/EBITDA. Price to Book Value Ratio = Price Per Share / Book Value Per Share and other trading multiples, etc.
b) Financial Model
- The most important skill for an analyst is to Build a financial model. It is the most crucial analytical tool used by the deal team to perform some important analysis.
- Financial Models are used for Accretion/Dilution analysis in the case of Merger & Acquisition Pitch.
- In the case of the Debt Issuance Pitch, Financial Modeling is used to show how a debt issuance can be serviced and repaid.
- In IPO Pitch to see the show, the company’s financial profile will look after an IPO transaction.
Types of Investment Banking Pitch books
#1 – Main PitchBook
These types of pitch books include all the details and information about the investment banking firm. Also, the statistics related to recent deals, profits, successful investments, recent trends, and deals in the market are demonstrated in the pitch book. Hence such a pitch book needs to be updated regularly.
- Organization details- This contains slides, which display the organization details of the respective investment bank, like its vision and mission statement, history, global presence, key management personnel, and size of the company.
- Deals & Client Lists- Further, it also contains information about the recent deals, sector-specific client list as well as the services provided to them.
- It may also contain slides portraying the firm’s ranking as compared to competitors.
- Market Data- This will also include important aspects of the market overview, such as competitor’s performance, current trends & deals in the market.
#2- Deal pitch book
It is created specifically for a particular deal. Such a presentation focuses on demonstrating how the investment bank can specifically cater to their client’s financial and investing needs.
It is used to explain details of mergers & acquisitions (M&A), IPO’s & debt issuance. The deal pitch book may also list down the bank’s prominent achievements and clients, to assure acceptability and potential partnership.
- Detail Specific- This book has information on specific details that makes an investment bank look attractive as well as efficient.
- Usage of Graphs– The data is supported by graphs that show market growth rate, the firm’s positioning overview, and valuation summary. It helps in making a valiant representation of the firm’s potential to serve its client. Do check out these Awesome Investment Banking Graphs.
- Financial Models- It must be attached to relevant financial models, graphs, and statisticsStatisticsStatistics is the science behind identifying, collecting, organizing and summarizing, analyzing, interpreting, and finally, presenting such data, either qualitative or quantitative, which helps make better and effective decisions with relevance. wherever necessary.
- Data of Buyers and Sponsors- Depending on whether an investment bank is making a pitch report for M&A or IPOs, the deal-pitch book must include a list of potential buyers, potential acquisition candidates, financial sponsors, and their detailed descriptions.
- Includes Recommendation- It contains a summary of the proposal and provides advice & recommendations, and information on the investment bank’s role and contribution in attaining the client’s goals.
#3- Management Presentations
When the client finalizes the deal with the investment bank, management presentations are used to pitch the clients to the investors. Details included in the management presentations are-
- Information on the client company
- Management details
- Specific project
- Key financial ratiosKey Financial RatiosFinancial ratios are indications of a company's financial performance. There are several forms of financial ratios that indicate the company's results, financial risks, and operational efficiency, such as the liquidity ratio, asset turnover ratio, operating profitability ratios, business risk ratios, financial risk ratio, stability ratios, and so on..
- Client’s goals and how the investment firm can help achieve them.
Contents of a Management Presentation:
- Client Specific- This is focused on the current client, and hence it is customized to be more client-specific.
- Provides Client-specific data- It provides more information about the Client Company, highlights, products and services, market overview, customers, organizational chart, financial performance & growth forecasts.
- Requires Client Interaction and feedback- Preparation of such a book requires detailed interaction with the client and regular feedback sessions.
#4- Combo / Scenario Analysis
- An investment bank prepares such a book when the client company isn’t sure whether it wants to go public or sell.
- It is created by stating both scenarios and showing the tradeoffs between the two.
#5- Targeted Deal PitchBook
- It is created when your client company is approached by a buyer with an acquisition offer.
- In this case, it shows accretionAccretionAccretion primarily means gradual or incremental growth. However, with respect to finance, it has the following technical meaning: 1) Bond Markets 2) Merger and Acquisitions/dilution under different scenarios.
#6 – Sell-Side M&A Pitch Books
- These are created when a client approaches an investment bank stating that they want to sell themselves and are looking for Potential Buyers.
- It is specifically customized, stressing the points why the clients should choose that particular Investment bank. These types of Pitch books are more exhaustive and long.
It contains the following information-
- Potential buyers for the client
- Bank Overview
- Positioning Overview (why the bank is more attractive than others)
- Valuation Summary
#7 – Buy-Side M&A Pitch Books
It contains similar information like the Sell-Side M&A Pitch Books but differs on the following point-
- It contains information about the Potential acquisition candidates
- These are shorter than the Sell-Side M&A Pitch Books. Check out the Sell-side vs. Buy Side – Key differencesSell-side Vs. Buy Side - Key DifferencesSell-Side refers to those corporations, investment banks and advisory firms who engage in the issuance, selling and trade-in of the financial securities. In contrast, the buy-side involves hedge fund companies, pension fund organizations and investment managers who purchase financial securities.
Points to remember
A pitch book is like a salesman for the investment bank. Hence it needs to be perfect, professional, and at the same time, it should be convincing enough.
Important points that must be incorporated here are-
- Show how your investment bank is different from others.
- Key Management personnel
- Must showcase the core competencies of the Investment Bank.
- It should be concise – only detailing the important points
- May concentrate on a single concept per page
- Always make use of appendix
- Must be as crisp as possible
- Support your points with case studies wherever possible
Graphs & Charts
- Use Graphs & Charts to emphasize key points
Look and feel
- Make a point to make proper use of colors wherever possible but do not overdo it.
- Should be professional looking.
- Must leave a lasting impression on the clients.
Anatomy of a pitch book.
- All the details in the Pitchbook must be accurate and up-to-date.
- There is no scope for any mistakes that may leave a negative impression on the client.
- The information should be brief and to the point.
- It should be simple but must have a professional layout.
If you want to be an Analyst or Associates, you will be spending the majority of your time in creating the Perfect investment banking pitch book. I cannot tell you with 100% assurance that there is just one full-proof way to do a Pitchbook. It usually depends on how the Investment bank wants to portray a particular deal. But one point to remember is that customizing your message according to your client’s Needs and Goals always works!
This article has been a guide to Investment Banking PitchBook. Here we discuss what pitch books are, why they are used, examples, samples along with its types. You can also refer to the following articles on Investment Banking –