# IRR vs ROI  ## IRR vs ROI Differences

When it comes to calculating the performance of the investments made, there are very few metrics that are used more than the Internal Rate of Return (IRR) and Return on Investment (ROI).

For eg:
Source: IRR vs ROI (wallstreetmojo.com)

IRR is a metric that doesn’t have any real formula. It means that no predetermined formula can be used to find out IRR. The value that IRR seeks is the discount rate, which makes the of the sum of inflows equal to the initial net cash invested. For example, if we are going to get \$20,000 at the end of the year due to the completion of a project, then the initial cash we should invest, keeping in mind that the rate of discount is 15%, is \$17,391.30 (\$20,000/1.15).

The above example makes it clear that IRR calculates the discount rate, keeping in mind what the future NPV is going to be. The rate that makes the difference between current investment and the future NPV zero is the correct rate of discount. It can be taken as an

ROI is a metric that calculates the percentage increase or decrease in return for a particular investment over a set time frame.

ROI is also called a Rate of Return (ROR). ROI can be calculated using the formula: ROI = [(Expected Value – Original Value) / Original Value] x 100

ROI can be calculated for any type of activity when there is an investment, and there is an outcome from the investment that can be measured. But ROI can be more accurate for a shorter period of time. If ROI has to be calculated for several years to come, then it is quite difficult to accurately calculate a future outcome that is so far away.

ROI is much simpler to calculate and hence is mostly used ahead of IRR. But, the improvement in technologies has made IRR calculations to be done by the use of the software. Hence IRR is also used frequently nowadays.

### IRR vs. ROI Infographics

Here are the top 4 difference between ROI and IRR

For eg:
Source: IRR vs ROI (wallstreetmojo.com)

### IRR vs. ROI Key Differences

Here are the key difference between ROI and IRR –

• One of the key differences between ROI vs. IRR is the time period for which they are used for calculating the performance of investments. IRR is used to calculate the annual growth rate of the investment made. Whereas, ROI gives the overall picture of the investment and its returns from beginning to end.
• IRR takes into account the future value of money, and hence it is a metric that is very important to calculate. In contrast, ROI doesn’t take the future value of money while doing the calculations.
• IRR needs more accurate estimates so that the calculation of the performance of the investment can be done accurately. IRR is also a complex metric that is not easily understood by many. On the other hand, ROI is quite simple, and once all the necessary information is available, the calculation of ROI can be easily done.

So, what are the major difference between IRR and ROI?

Let’s have a look at the head to head the difference between ROI and IRR.

### IRR vs ROI – Conclusion

Two of the most used metrics for the calculation of the performance of the investments are ROI vs. IRR. So, basically, the metric that is going to be used for the calculation of investment returns depends on the additional costs that are needed to be taken into consideration.

ROI vs. IRR has its own set of strengths and weaknesses. So, many firms use both the ROI vs. IRR to calculate their budgets for capital needed. These two metrics are most importantly used in decision making when it comes to accepting a new project or not. This shows the importance of these two metrics.

This has been a guide to the top differences between IRR vs. ROI. Here we also discuss the ROI vs. IRR key differences with infographics and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles –

1. Dr. Hamid Chaudhry says

Very valuable information. The difference is very well presented with example and formula.

• Dheeraj Vaidya says

2. Dr. Hamid Chaudhry says
• Dheeraj Vaidya says