Partial Income Statement
A partial Income statement is generally prepared by the company when there are certain or uncertain changes that affect the company’s financial performance and is reported for only a part of the accounting period. Normally, we prepare an income statement for a single month or for a year. However, a partial income statement can be prepared for specific dates like from October 2, 2018, to October 29, 2018.
Partial Income Statement Example.
Let’s understand this concept with the help of an example-
Discontinued operations are the operations of that segment of the company which has been disposed of or sold. As per the accounting regulations, discontinued operations should report separately from continuing operations. Here, we prepare a Partial Income statement of a discontinued operation.
Suppose ABC Company had two segments. One segment manufactured cellular phone equipment and other segment manufactured office car vehicle equipment. Under GAAP, each segment is considered separate components. The cellular phone equipment segment has not been a profitable business segment for the company.
On May 1, 2012, the company planned to dispose of the segment cellular phone. The Company sells the segment on January 31, 2013, at a price of $2,000,000.The book value of this segment was $200,000, and as on December 31, 2012, the fair value of this particular segment was $2,500,000. The segment incurred a before-tax operating loss from operation of $200,000 during the full accounting year, i.e., January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2012. The income tax for the company is 35%. ABC’s after-tax income from continuing operations is $500,000.
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Here, Partial Income Statement will be-
As we can see, this income statement is only reporting information related to discontinued operations. Similarly, we can prepare partial income for the cost of goods sold, gross profit, or other components of an income statement.
Single Step Partial Income Statement
Single step Partial Income statement prepares only for a particular component of Income statements like income statement for the cost of goods sold, discontinued operation, or gross profit, etc. One can prepare this income statement for different components of an Income statement.
Format – Partial Income Statement Discontinued Operations
Multi-Step Partial Income Statement
A multi-step partial income statement prepares more than one component of Income Statement. It includes two or more than two steps of an income statement.
Auditors do not certify a partial income statement because it does not include a complete income statement. It can only be used for a specific purpose. Management uses it when they want to analyze some information about a certain line item of an income statement. It only prepares for the internal use; auditors do not prefer this at the time of auditing of financial statements.
Here are some bullet points to understand partial income statement-
- The partial Income statement reports only some portion of the income statement.
- It reports the information only for the part of the accounting period.
- Companies prepare it only in rare cases, like if one of the segments of the company is discontinued.
- It can be a single step and multi-step statement.
- It is not certified by auditors.
This article has been a guide to what is a Partial Income Statement. Here we discuss Partial Income Statement Examples, formats – single step and multi-step along with its applications. You may learn more about accounting from the following articles –