Full Form of CRR

Full Form of CRR – Cash Reserve Ratio

The full form of CRR is the Cash Reserve Ratio. CRR refers to the share of the total deposit of the commercial banksCommercial BanksA commercial bank refers to a financial institution that provides various financial solutions to the individual customers or small business clients. It facilitates bank deposits, locker service, loans, checking accounts, and different financial products like savings accounts, bank overdrafts, and certificates of deposits.read more which they have to keep with the central bank in form of liquid cash and it acts as a tool that is used by the central bank in order to control the liquidity in the banking system.

Objectives

Following are important objectives of CRR:

CRR Objectives

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CRR Formula

The following is the formula to calculate the Cash reserve ratio:

Cash Reserve Ratio = (Reserve Requirement / Bank Deposits) * 100%
 
Reserve Requirement = Cash Reserve Ratio * Bank Deposits

Where,

Full Form of CRR

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Example of CRR

Let’s take an example of a bank that has the total deposits of $1,500 billion annual report as on December 31, 2019. Now, the Reserve requirement of the Federal Reserve i.e., cash reserve ratio is 9%. Calculate the bank’s cash reserve requirement for the year 2019.

Solution:

In the present case, it is given that as on December 31, 2019,

  • Total deposits of bank = $1,500 billion
  • Cash reserve ratio = 9%

Now according to the formula Reserve Requirement will be calculated as:

Example of CRR(Cash Reserve Ratio)
  • Reserve Requirement = 1,500  *  9%
  • Reserve Requirement = $135 billion

Thus the bank’s cash reserve requirement for the year 2019 is $135 billion.

Impact of CRR

The Cash reserve ratio has a direct impact on the interest rate in the economy. If the Central bank increases the CRR requirements of the bank, then it will lower the lending requirement of the bank, therefore, it will not be able to lend more and hence the rule of demand and supply will apply here. With lower lending capacity, the rate of lending will rise and the expense of the borrowing will increase. On the other hand, banks will encourage people to provide more and more deposits and to attract them, the rate of the deposit will get reduced. Therefore, the Interest rate in the economy will fluctuate.

Importance of CRR

The cash reserve ratio lays a foundation for the better functioning of the banking industry. The following are the main importance of the Cash Reserve Ratio:

Difference between CRR and SLR

  • Cash reserve ratio and statutory liquidity ratio are 2 different policies of the central bank, however, both are compulsory requirements of every bank.
  • CRR is a certain percentage of total bank deposits which is required in the current account of the central bank. Bank has no access to this amount for any of the economic or commercial activity and a bank can not lend this money to any lenders; neither can they use it for investment purposes.
  • On the other hand, SLR is the money that is invested in various specified securities of the central government. It is a certain percentage of the total bank deposit. Banks can earn interest on SLR investment as against CRR.

Advantages

The following are the benefits of the Cash Reserve Ratio:

Disadvantages

The following are the disadvantages of the Cash Reserve Ratio:

  • A frequent change in the CRR may adversely affect a healthy economic environment.
  • It is the amount set aside in the current account of the central bank. Hence banks don’t earn any interest on the same, not even gain the inflation portion on the same.
  • It reduces the lending capacity of the bank and hence it stops them to earn the maximum amount of profit.

Conclusion

CRR is the abbreviation used for Cash Reserve Ratio. It is the portion of the commercial bank’s total deposits which is compulsory for it to maintain with the country’s central bank in the form of the cash reserve. Out of this reserve requirement, money cannot be used for the purpose of any of the commercial lending. It is a primary way of controlling the money supply in the economy.

Recommended Articles

This has been a guide to the Full Form of CRR (Cash Reserve Ratio) and its meaning. Here we discuss examples of CRR along with impact, and differences between SLR and CRR. You may refer to the following articles to learn more about finance –

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