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- CRR vs SLR
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- Asymmetric Information
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- Cross Price Elasticity of Demand
Differences Between CRR vs SLR
CRR stands for Cash Reserve Ratio and SLR is Statutory Liquidity Ratio. CRR and SLR are the basic tools in the economy which manages inflation and flow of money in the country. RBI control bank capacity of lending through CRR and SLR.
Let us understand the two in detail and also look at the differences between CRR vs SLR briefly.
What is CRR?
Cash Reserve ratio is calculated by RBI, CRR is the ratio of total deposit that banks need to keep as a reserve with RBI (Reserve Bank of India) in form of cash instead of keeping amount with them. This is a powerful tool to control the flow of money in the market. If CRR is high, bank deposit with RBI increases which leads to decrease in capacity of the bank to lend and hence, interest rate increase as borrowing becomes expensive and flow of money in market decrease inflation decreases, this is how CRR ratio help to reduce inflation. Whereas, when CRR decreases bank deposit with RBI decreases which leads to increase in capacity of the bank to lend and hence, interest rate decrease as borrowing become cheap and flow of money in market increase inflation increases. Through this RBI control flow of money in the market, CRR also helps RBI to handle inflation.
In short, if RBI wants to increase the flow of money in the market it will reduce CRR whereas; if RBI wants to decrease the flow of money in the market it will increase CRR.
Let us understand CRR through example.
If CRR is 5%, the bank has maintained INR 5 from the deposit of INR 100, that means if the bank has the deposit of INR 200 Million then the bank has to maintain 10 Million with RBI i.e. 5% of total 200 Million and the bank can use rest 190 Million for lending.
What is SLR?
SLR is Statutory Liquidity Ratio which is calculated by RBI, this is the ratio of compulsory ratio of deposit that bank has to maintain in form of cash, gold, other securities prescribe by RBI. In short, it is kept by the bank in for of liquid assets. The purpose of maintaining SLR is that bank will have an amount in form of liquid assets which can be used to handle a sudden increase in demand of amount from the depositor. It is used by RBI to limit credit facility offered by the bank to borrowers which maintain the stability of the bank. SLR can be said as a percentage of net time and demand liability kept by the bank. Here, time liability the amount which is payable to the customer after interval and demand liability means the amount which is payable to the customer when he is demanding for the same. SLR also protect the bank from bank run situation and provide confidence to the customer in the banking system.
Let us understand SLR through example.
Let SLR is 20% then bank have to keep INR 20 from the deposit of INR 100, that means if the bank has a deposit of INR 200 Million then bank have to keep 40 Million i.e. 20% of total 200 Million and a bank can use rest 160 Million for banking purpose.
CRR vs SLR Infographics
Here we provide you with the top 6 difference between CRR and SLR
CRR vs SLR – Key Difference
Key differences between CRR and SLR are as follows:-
- CRR is the ratio of total deposit that banks need to keep as a reserve with RBI in form of cash whereas SLR is the ratio of compulsory ratio of deposit that bank has to maintain in form of cash, gold, other securities prescribe by RBI.
- There is the difference in a form in which maintenance is done for both CRR is maintain in form of cash whereas SLR is maintained in form of cash, gold, other securities prescribe by RBI.
- CRR helps RBI to control the flow of money in the market whereas SLR helps the bank to handle a sudden increase in demand of depositors.
- Maintenance of deposit is done by RBI in CRR whereas in SLR maintenance is done by the bank itself.
- The liquidity in the economy of the country is controlled by CRR whereas SLR governs credit growth of the country.
- In CRR, banks don’t earn any interest over the amount maintain at RBI whereas interest can be earned on deposit of SLR.
There are many similarities between SLR and CRR, those are as follows:-
- RBI decide the rate of both CRR and SLR.
- Both can affect inflation in the economy.
- RBI made it compulsory for the bank to maintain SLR and CRR
Now, as we saw differences and similarities between SLR and CRR we can say that both are the very important element in the economy and affect the economy of a country.
CRR vs SLR Head to Head Difference
Differences between CRR and SLR are as follows:-
|CRR is ratios of deposit bank have to maintain at RBI.||SLR is the ratio of deposit that the bank needs to maintain with them.|
|CRR maintain in form of cash.||SLR is maintained in form of gold, cash and other securities approved by RBI.|
|CRR help to control the flow of money.||SLR helps to meet a sudden demand of depositors.|
|CRR has to be maintained with RBI.||SLR has to be maintained by the bank itself.|
|CRR regulates liquidity in the economy.||SLR regulates credit facility.|
|Banks don’t earn any interest on the amount deposited in CRR.||Bank can earn interest on SLR.|
This has a been a guide to the top differences between CRR and SLR. Here we also discuss the CRR vs SLR along with infographics and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles –