Formula to Calculate Quick Ratio
Quick Ratio Formula is one of the most important Liquidity Ratios for determining the company’s ability to pay off its current liabilities in the short term and is calculated as the ratio of cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities, and accounts receivables to Current Liabilities.
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For eg:
Source: Quick Ratio Formula (wallstreetmojo.com)
OR
In case the company is not giving a breakup of Quick Assets, then:
Explanation
The Quick Ratio is a more stringent measure of shortterm liquidity as compared to the Current Ratio. Quick Assets are the ones that can be converted to cash in the short term or in a period of 90 days. The important difference between the Current Ratio formula and Acid Test Ratio formula is that we are excluding Inventory & Prepaid Expenses as a part of Current Assets in the Quick Ratio formula.
Inventory is excluded because it is assumed that the stock held by the company may not be realized immediately. The inventory could be in the form of Raw materials or WIP. Such a situation will make the process of liquidating the inventory all the more tricky and timeconsuming.
The ratio of 1 or more indicates that the company can pay off its current liabilitiesCurrent LiabilitiesCurrent Liabilities are the payables which are likely to settled within twelve months of reporting. They're usually salaries payable, expense payable, short term loans etc.read more with the help of Quick Assets, and without needing to the sale of its longterm assets and has sound financial health. Care must be exercised in placing too much reliance on acid test ratio without further investigating; For e.g., Seasonal businesses, which seek to stabilize production, might have a weak Quick ratio during its period of slack sales, but a higher one in case of its peak business season. Such situations may prove tricky to know the actual financial position of the company.
Calculation of Quick Ratio Example
You can consider the following example for better understanding:
Masters Co. Ltd has the following details:
Current Assets:
 Cash = $200,000
 Advance = $30,000
 Marketable Securities = $60,000
 Account ReceivablesAccount ReceivablesAccounts receivables refer to the amount due on the customers for the credit sales of the products or services made by the company to them. It appears as a current asset in the corporate balance sheet.read more = $40,000
 Inventories = $80,000
Total Current Assets = $410,000
Current Liabilities:
 Account Payable = $260,000,
 Accrual Expenses = $30,000,
 Shortterm Debt = $90,000,
 Interest Payable = $60,000.
Total Current Liabilities = $440,000.
Previous years quick ratio was 1.4 and the industry average is 1.7
Calculation of acid test ratio formula:
Quick ratio formula = (Cash + Shortterm marketable securities + A/c’s Receivable) / Current Liabilities
= ($200,000 + $60,000 + $40,000) / ($440,000)
= ($300,000) / ($440,000)
= 0.68
Uses
 Keeping track of Quick ratio helps the management to determine whether they are maintaining optimum levels of Quick assets so as to take care of its short term liabilities in their balance sheets.
 This showcases a wellfunctioning shortterm financial cycle of a company.
 This improves the credibility of the company with the investors by gaining and maintaining their trust in the value of their investments.
 Also, the creditors of the company know that their payments will be made on time.
Microsoft Example
As noted from the below graph, the Cash RatioCash RatioCash Ratio is calculated by dividing the total cash and the cash equivalents of the company by total current liabilities. It indicates how quickly a business can pay off its short term liabilities using the noncurrent assets.read more of Microsoft is a low 0.110x; however, its quick ratio is a massive 2.216x.
source: ycharts
Microsoft quick ratio is pretty high, primarily due to shortterm investments of around $106.73 billion! This puts Microsoft in a very comfortable position from the point of view of liquidity / Solvency.
source: Microsoft SEC Filings
 As per the previous year, the company had an acid test ratio of 1.4, whereas this time, it amounts to 0.68.
 From this, we can figure out that the company has not maintained enough Quick assets to pay off its current liabilities. It shows that the company will face potential liquidity problems.
 It might have to sell off its longterm assets to pay off its liabilities if needed, which is not a sign of a healthy and wellmanaged balance sheet.
 The company should maintain the acid test ratio to at least 1, which is considered ideal and satisfactory.
Quick Ratio Calculator
You can use the following Quick Ratio Calculator
Cash  
Shortterm marketable securities  
A/c’s Receivable  
Current Liabilities  
Quick Ratio =  
Quick Ratio = 



Calculate Quick Ratio in Excel (with excel template)
Let us now do the same Quick Ratio example above in Excel.
This is very simple. You need to provide the two inputs of Total Current Assets and Total Current Liabilities.
You can easily calculate the ratio in the template provided.
Calculation of acid test ratio
Acid test ratio = (Cash + Shortterm marketable securities + A/c’s Receivable) / Current Liabilities
Quick Ratio Formula Video
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