Debt Coverage Ratio

What is the Debt Coverage Ratio?

The debt coverage ratio is one of the important solvency ratios and helps the analyst determine if the firm generates sufficient net operating income to service its debt repayment.

Debt Coverage Ratio Formula

Let’s have a look at the Debt Coverage Ratio Formula –

Debt Coverage Ratio

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For eg:
Source: Debt Coverage Ratio (

By using this formula, we get a clear idea of whether a firm is capable of handling the debt payment regularly or not. If the proportion between the net operating income and the debt payment is too low (like 1 or less), it’s better not to go for debt financing; and for investors, it’s better not to loan the amount to that particular company.

The formula is important to two groups of individuals.

  • The first groups of people are those who would like to invest in that particular company. Before they ever loan the amount to the firm, they want to know whether the firm has enough operating income to cover the payments.
  • The second groups of individuals are internal people. They can be from top management, or they can report to the top management. They use this formula to see whether the firm has enough operating income to go for external sources of finance like debt finance.

Also, you may have a look at this detailed post on DSCRDSCRDebt service coverage (DSCR) is the ratio of net operating income to total debt service that determines whether a company's net income is sufficient to cover its debt obligations. It is used to calculate the loanable amount to a corporation during commercial real estate more

Example of Debt Coverage Ratio Formula

Jaymohan Company has been looking for debt financing. They approached near-by banks and financial institutionsFinancial InstitutionsFinancial institutions refer to those organizations which provide business services and products related to financial or monetary transactions to their clients. Some of these are banks, NBFCs, investment companies, brokerage firms, insurance companies and trust corporations. read more. Jaymohan Company has found out that the debt service cost would be around $40,000 for a particular period. They want to know whether their net operating income is enough to cover the expenses. You are the accountant of Jaymohan Company, and you found out that the operating income for this particular period is $500,000. Would you think that Jaymohan Company should go for debt financing after all?

The solution lies in debt coverage ratio calculation.

As an accountant, you should first see the proportion between the net operating income and the debt service cost.

  • Formula = Net Operating Income / Debt Service Cost
  • = $500,000 / $40,000 = 12.5.

As per the ratio is concerned, Jaymohan Company has enough net operating incomeNet Operating IncomeNet Operating Income (NOI) is a measure of profitability representing the amount earned from its core operations by deducting operating expenses from operating revenue. It excludes non-operating costs such as loss on sale of a capital asset, interest, tax more to cover the debt service cost for the period.

However, the accountant also needs to see whether similar companies under the same industry have similar or closer results. Or the accountant can also check the norm of the industry to be certain that 12.5 is a good proportion.


Before the groups of investors decide to loan the amount of debt to the company, they look at various metrics.

One of the most important metrics is to see whether the company has been earning enough operating income to cover the debt payment. If not, then the investors drop the idea of investment into that particular company.

This ratio may not be the only formula for the investors to check the stability of the company they would like to invest into, but it certainly is one of the most important to ratio to check whether a firm is worthy or not.

Debt Coverage Ratio Calculator 

You can use the following Calculator

Net Operating Income
Debt Service Cost
Debt Coverage Ratio Formula

Debt Coverage Ratio Formula =
Net Operating Income
Debt Service Cost
= 0

Calculate Debt Coverage Ratio in Excel 

Let us now do the same example above in Excel. This is very simple. You need to provide the two inputs of net operating income and the debt service cost. You can easily calculate the ratio in the template provided.

Debt Coverage Ratio in Excel

You can download this template here – Debt Coverage Ratio Excel Template.

Debt Coverage Ratio Formula Video


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