Sales Ledger

What is a Sales Ledger?

Sales ledger is a ledger entry that records any sale in the book of records, even if the payment is received or not yet received. They record not only sales but also sales returns, which is a negative entry since the product that was sold is returned. The typical sales ledger format contains information like the date of sale, invoice number, amount of sale, products sold, name of the customer, tax information, freight charges, etc. The general ledger records the cumulative amount, which is summarized systematically in the sales ledger; it is posted in the sales account. It records the sales and the cash as and when received and how much is owed to the business.

Example of Sales Ledger Format

Let’s take an example.

You can download this Sales Ledger Excel Template here – Sales Ledger Excel Template

Ryan’s Inc deals in industrial kitchen products business and only makes one product. A sales ledgerLedgerLedger in Accounting, also called the Second Book of Entry, is a book that summarizes all the journal entries in the form of debits & credits to use for future reference & create financial statements. read more for Ryan’s inc is put down in the grid below. It shows the sales done between January to June. And the payments received and pending. By the end of June, all invoices except two (highlighted) have been settled. A sales ledger format for these transactions is shown below:

Sales Ledger Example 1

The sales ledger format shows the date at which the sale was made, along with the actual sale amount and the VATVATValue-added tax (VAT) refers to the charges imposed whenever there is an accretion to a product's usefulness or value throughout its supply chain, i.e., from its manufacturing to its final selling point. It is an indirect tax levied on the product consumption.read more information regarding the same. It also shows the gross amount, which is to be paid by the customer. The last column shows the date of receipt of payment from the customer for the products sold. The sales ledger in the above example shows the actual sale amount, which is $20445. It also shows the amount that was paid by the customers for the products that were sold, i.e., $16,215. The remaining amount of $4,230 is still pending to be paid by the customer.

This way, it becomes easy for a business to keep track of all its sales and accounts receivablesAccounts ReceivablesAccounts receivables refer to the amount due on the customers for the credit sales of the products or services made by the company to them. It appears as a current asset in the corporate balance sheet.read more owed to the business. This ledger enables the business to record the sale of its products along with the buyer’s information and the amount owed. It aims to provide detailed information regarding the sale and any information regarding sales returns, discounts, and payment information.

Advantages of Sales Ledger

Some of the advantages are as follows.

  • They help businesses to keep detailed information regarding the sales made.
  • It helps in backtracking in case of any issue that arises in the future, like sales return, etc.
  • They help in keeping the general ledger precise, since all the detailed information record in the sales ledger.
  • Facilitates businesses to keep track of all the payments received and the payments that are yet to receive for sale made;
  • It is the golden source for the sales amount recorded in the income statement.
  • At times of mismatch in the sales account, They can be used to research and understand what resulted in the mismatch.
  • Auditors can dig deep into this ledger and can verify if the sales reported by the business is legitimate.

Disadvantages

Some of the disadvantages are as follows.

  • It requires effort, knowledge, and skills to maintain it.
  • It records a transaction even before the payment is received; hence a pending payment is tracked until the customer makes payment.
  • The sales account has cumulative information on the sales ledger and hence might not be worth the efforts unless something goes wrong terribly.

Important Points

Conclusion

  •  It contains all the information regarding any sale done, regardless of the status of the payment.
  • They also record information regarding sales returns; any sale that has been returned by the customer for whatsoever reason needs to be recorded in the sales ledger.
  • A sales account in the general ledger has a cumulative value or information regarding the actual sales ledger.
  • By looking at this ledger, detailed information regarding the revenues can be obtained.
  • It contains essential information like date of sale, invoice number, name of the customer, amount of sale, to name a few.
  • They record sales, sales records, payments, and discounts.

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