Demand Deposits

Demand Deposits Meaning

Demand Deposit is the money deposited with a bank or financial institution that can be withdrawn without giving any prior notice and usually, it does not pay any interest or a notional amount of interest due to the shorter lock-in period as compared to a time deposit which is made for a specific lock-in period and pays a fixed amount of higher interest.

Top 3 Types of Demand Deposits

Demand Deposits

You are free to use this image on your website, templates etc, Please provide us with an attribution linkHow to Provide Attribution?Article Link to be Hyperlinked
For eg:
Source: Demand Deposits (wallstreetmojo.com)

#1 – Checking Accounts

Checking accounts are the most common and easy to use. It allows easy access to cash by withdrawing it anytime from ATMs, Bank’s Teller, Debit Cards, and by writing checks provided by the bank. Also, checking accountsChecking AccountsChecking Account, also known as a transactional account, can be defined as a kind of deposits account held by a financial institution or non-banking financial institution which allows the holder of the account to deposit and withdraw money. This is one of the most liquid forms of money. It differs from a normal bank savings account since it allows multiple deposits and withdrawal in a particular period.read more do not pay any interest in most of the banks due to their pure on-demand nature.

Checking accounts helps in improving the short-term liquidity for small businesses by providing easy access to cash when needed due to working capital requirements.

#2 – Savings/Term Deposit Accounts

Savings/Term Deposit accounts are for a longer time duration as compared to a checking account. They offer lesser liquidity and more interest rates as compared to a checking account. The drawback is that they do not offer any check writing facility, but a user can withdraw funds through Bank’s Teller and through online banking. Sometimes early withdrawal leads to some additional charges by many banks, but there is no charge to maintain these accounts.

There are also sweep-in and sweep-out facility in this product. In this, you can easily transfer money from one deposit product to another as per your standing instructions to the bank. E.g., Banks such as Barclay’s issues term deposits to corporate customers known as Wholesale term deposits, whereas, when issued to retail customers, it is known as Retail Deposits.

#3 – Money Market Accounts

Money market accountsMoney Market AccountsMoney Market Account is the account which receives all the interests from the instruments in the money market according to the agreed-upon terms. This account is separate from that of securities account, it only accounts for the proceeds.read more are purely based upon market interest rates based upon macro variable factors as determined by the central bank of a country, as the interest rates fluctuate on a daily basis it becomes very unpredictable as sometimes it offers more interest than savings accounts and sometimes lesser. It also offers more or less the same other features, as we discussed above for savings accounts. Banks generally do not charge any fee for maintaining this facility by its customers.

Example of Demand Deposit

John has a balance of £100,000 in his savings bank account as of August 1st. On August 15th, he receives £200,000, being the proceeds of the Term Insurance policy amount matured. On August 25th, he withdraws a sum of £200,000 for the renovation of his house, thereby reducing his Savings Bank account balance to £100,000.

Assume that interest is calculated at 4% p.a. on his savings account on a daily product method. Following is the interest calculation:

  • From August 1st to 14th, he will be paid interest on £100,000 for 14 days.
  • From 15th to 25th, interest calculation is on £300,000 for 10 days.
  • For the remaining six days, interest calculation is on £50,000
  • So, the interest he earns for the month of August will be £581 (rounded).

So, every rupee one keeps in Savings Bank account earns interest, as it is calculated on the daily product method. For February, the number of days will be either 28 or 29 days.

Advantages

  • Ease of access: Demand Deposits such as checking accounts always provide quick and easy access to the bank’s customer through various means such as ATMs, Online Banking, Bank Teller, Check writing, etc.
  • Liquidity: As the name suggests, you can ‘demand’ money for withdrawal any time you want. Hence, you have liquidity of funds for any type of personal and business needs.
  • No Extra Fees: Withdrawal from such an account does not have any withdrawal charges.

Disadvantages

Demand Deposits on Financial Statements

As per IFRS9 Disclosure requirements, Demand Deposits are shown as amortized cost deposits. These categorize as current accounts and overnight deposits in ABC Bank’s balance sheet. Interest income on such deposits is shown as Net Interest Income in the Profit & Loss statement for the period of a Banking Institution. This Net Interest Income is Gross InterestGross InterestGross Interest is the interest that is to be paid to the lender by the borrower for using the funds before the deduction of any fees, taxes and other charges as applicable on it and it takes into consideration the effect of the payment against the risk covered, management service charges and opportunity cost.read more Income on Loans and Advances net of Interest expense on Demand Deposits and other deposits taken by the bank from the customers.

It also requires industrial sectorial bifurcation, geographical distribution, and product classification in ABC bank’s disclosure notes. Resident and Non-resident distribution of deposits are also mandated in yearly disclosures.

Conclusion

  • Although steadily declining in importance on the commercial banking system’s balance sheet, such deposits nonetheless remain an important source of funds. In fact, privately owned demand deposits in the 1990s equaled over 30 percent of total deposits.
  • The two most important suppliers of demand deposits to commercial banks are households and non-financial businesses. Households owned 35 percent of total private demand balances, while non-financial businesses owned 50 percent in the United States of America.
  • Demand deposits offer high liquidity than any other deposit products offer. It’s a readily available source of cash for individuals and businesses. Though the rate of return is lower, it offers a risk-free return.
  • Also fee to maintain and operate these deposits is much lower when we compare to other exotic investment products available in the market.

Recommended Articles

This article has been a guide to what is Demand Deposit and its meaning. Here we discuss the types of demand deposit along with an example, advantages, and disadvantages. You can learn more from the following articles –

Reader Interactions

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *