Full Form of SME – Small and Medium Enterprises
Full Form of SME is Small and Medium Enterprises. This category symbolizes a business which has capital, assets, staff, etc. within a certain limit as categorized by each nation. As per the legal structure of the country, organizations are categorized as per the size and scale of their respective business. These SMEs provide ample services to the society and serve the local demand, where the high-scale business unable to mark its presence due to a lower understanding of local demand and several other obligations.
However, the small and medium enterprise creates job opportunities as it requires staffs of various categories as well. Thus, these industries help to fulfill both the demand and supply aspect of the economy. Across the Globe, Economists and policymakers appreciated the role of SMEs within the economy. One of the major challenges, which is faced by a business within the SME category is the ‘funding’. Thus, to fulfill the need, more than twenty countries introduced their SME segment besides their ongoing stock exchanges.
History of Indian SME Exchanges
In India, SME exchange operates along with the primary stock exchanges like the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and National Stock Exchange (NSE). The formation of SME was initiated by SEBI during 2008 which was further carried forward by Prime Minister’s Task Force during January 2010, which emphasize on the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises. The movement was channelized by the establishment of BSE SME and NSE Emerged platforms. During March 2018, SEBI allowed the startup funding through its listing within the SME segment wherein, it provided several relaxations to the startups. Thus, the above platform stood as one of the convenient options for small and medium enterprises and as well as for the startups to receive funding for their major businesses.
SMEs in the US
The USA policymakers classify Small Business Administration (SBA) on the basis of ownership, the number of staff, industry scenario, etc. generally, companies under 500 staff is categorized under the SME segment. While, on the other hand, when in case of capital-intensive sectors, staffs under 1,000 might be considered as SME, as the basic requirement of the sector is labor-oriented and the sector employs a large number of employees.
SMEs in Canada
Canada has more than business which falls under the category of SMEs where ~55% of the businesses have employees equivalent to four or less. Less than 2% of businesses fall under the category of medium-sized enterprises. The small business employs ~70% of the total work-force across the country. In Canada, more than 90% of the companies operate in exports have less than 100 employees and are regarded as small enterprises. These companies contribute roughly one-fourth of the total Canadian exports. As per the recent business trend, only one-fourth of the companies invest in the research and development (R&D) segment within Canada.
- This sector helps in generation of employment and as well as services for the society. The change in trends, demands, shift in consumer preferences cannot be determined by the big companies. Again, due to the scale of operation, the big firms do not always tend to start a new segment. Thus, being in the small-scale category, these businesses tend to enjoy to cater to the segment where there is relatively low demand.
- In many instances, the unskilled along with the semi-skilled laborers and the workers do not get a job across the big business and tend to join the small and medium enterprise and contribute to the production or service process. Thus, the Small and Medium Enterprises segment provides employment and as well as training to a huge number of workforces within the economy.
- Big organizations look for a change in trends and want to track the shift in consumer sentiments. In several cases, they look for the business activities undertaken by small and medium enterprises. Thus, the basics of change in trend are majorly driven by these small and medium enterprises.
- One of the key features of this segment is the way they adapt within the business segment. Because of its size and structure, these companies are flexible in nature and are committed to change the course of their businesses as per the market demand.
- Decisions are taken promptly by the SMEs as compared to the big organizations. As the staffs are semi-skilled in nature, they can be trained as per the requirement of the business, which is not an easy task in case of large organizations.
- Small and Medium Enterprises segment is the lack of scalability due to the capital constraint. The segment cannot cater to the larger audience due to the constraints like a larger production facility, a wide range of distribution and absence of skilled and high-skilled laborers.
- Businesses that fall under the category of SMEs have low bargaining power due to the absence of economies of scale. The suppliers do not provide extra discount due to the lack of high scale order.
- Large companies can access capital through various sources like equity infusion, debenture issuance, etc., while the SMEs tend to remain aloof from these above benefits.
- It is the lack of company structure. The business runs on individual capacity and hence the business does not remain future-proof. Each of the major decisions is taken by an individual or individuals. Thus, on the retirement of the top-level management might end the future of the business.
- The small and medium enterprises are not always investor’s first preferences, due to the size and scale of the businesses. In several instances, the small-scale industries remain aloof from the investor’s radar as most of the esteemed investors focus on the top market capitalization companies trading on the broader indexes.
Small and medium enterprises represent the major economic activities and provide employments to the semi-skilled and unskilled workforce. The major part of the economy is driven by the contribution made by the SME segment.
This has been a guide to the Full Form of SME (Small and Medium Enterprises) and its definition. Here we learn SMEs in the US and Canada with their history, advantages, and disadvantages. You may refer to the following articles to learn more about finance –