Arithmetic Mean

What is Arithmetic Mean?

Arithmetic Mean, commonly used term in statistics, is the average of the numerical values set and is calculated by firstly calculating the sum of number in the set and then dividing resultant by count of those numbers.

Arithmetic Mean Formula

The formula is represented as below :

Arithmetic Mean = x1 + x2 + x3 +……+ xn / n

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For eg:
Source: Arithmetic Mean (


  • x1, x2, x3, xn are the observations
  • n is the number of observations

Alternatively, it can be symbolically written as shown below-

Arithmetic Mean Formula 2

In the above Equation, the symbol  ∑ is known as sigma. It implies the summation of the values.

Steps to Calculate Arithmetic Mean

  • Step 1: Calculate the sum of all the observations.
  • x1 + x2 + x3 +…….+ xn
  • Arithmetic Mean = x1+x2+x3+…………….+xn/n
  • Alternatively, Arithmetic Mean Formula in symbolic terms is represented as below,
Arithmetic Mean Formula 2


You can download this Arithmetic Mean Formula Excel Template here – Arithmetic Mean Formula Excel Template

Example #1

There are five observations. These are 56, 44, 20, 50, 80. Find their arithmetic mean.


  • Here, the observations are 56, 44, 20, 50, 80.
  • n = 5

Therefore, the calculation is as follows,

Arithmetic Mean example 1.1
  • =56+44+20+50+80/5
Arithmetic Mean Example 1.2

Example #2

Franklin Inc. is a manufacturing concern with ten workers. There are negotiations between the management of Franklin Inc. and its trade union regarding wages. For this purpose, the CEO of Franklin Inc. wants to calculate the arithmetic mean of salary of workers in the company. The following table gives the wages along with the names of the workers.

Name of the WorkerWages ($)
Jeffery Gates100
George Clinton120
Thomas Smith250
Kamala Sanders90
Steve Roosevelt110
Martha Smith40
Clara Truman50
Nicholas Obama150
Michael Carlin70
Arnold Smith100
Number of Observations (n)10

Calculate the arithmetic mean of wages for the CEO.


Therefore, the calculation is as follows,

Example 2.1
  • =(100+120+250+90+110+40+50+150+70+100+10)/10
Example 2.2

Example #3

The Principal of a school calls two teachers to his office – one teaches Division A, and the other teaches Division B. Both of them claim that their teaching methods are superior. The Principal decides that the Division, which has a higher arithmetic mean of marks, will have had a better teacher. These are the marks of 7 students each studying in the two Divisions.

Sr. NoDivision ADivision B
Student 15670
Student 26065
Student 35660
Student 46465
Student 57075
Student 65555
Student 75065

Find out which Division has higher arithmetic mean.


Division A

Therefore, the calculation is as follows,

Example 3.1
  • =(56+60+56+64+70+55+50)/7
Example 3.2
  • =58.71 marks

Division B

Therefore, the calculation is as follows,

Example 3.3
  • =(70+65+60+65+75+55+65)/7
Example 3.4
  • = 65 marks

The arithmetic mean of Division A is 58.71 marks, and for Division B is 65 marks (higher)

Arithmetic Mean in Excel

There is company Grandsoft Inc. which is listed on the stock exchangesThe Stock ExchangesStock exchange refers to a market that facilitates the buying and selling of listed securities such as public company stocks, exchange-traded funds, debt instruments, options, etc., as per the standard regulations and guidelines—for instance, NYSE and more. Different analysts have given their target price of the stockTarget Price Of The StockPrice Target in the context of stock markets, means the expected valuation of a stock in the coming future and the valuation may be done either by the stock analysts or by the investors themselves. For an investor, price target reflects the price at which he will be willing to buy or sell the stock at a particular period of time or mark an exit from their current more. Calculate the arithmetic mean of the stock prices.

Analyst Target Price


In Excel, there is an in-built formula to calculate the mean.

Step #1 – Select a blank cell and type =AVERAGE(B2: B8)

Arithmetic = average formula

Step #2 – Press Enter to Get the Answer

Arithmetic Example 4.2

Relevance and Uses

The arithmetic mean is one of the most important statistics and is most commonly used as the most popular measure of central tendencyCentral TendencyCentral Tendency is a statistical measure that displays the centre point of the entire Data Distribution & you can find it using 3 different measures, i.e., Mean, Median, & more. It is straightforward to calculate and does not require knowledge of high-end statisticsStatisticsStatistics is the science behind identifying, collecting, organizing and summarizing, analyzing, interpreting, and finally, presenting such data, either qualitative or quantitative, which helps make better and effective decisions with more. It is used when all observations in the data set are equally important. If some statements are more important than others, then a weighted mean is used.

Recommended Articles

This has been a guide to Arithmetic Mean Formula. Here we discuss the calculation of arithmetic mean using its formula along with practical examples and a downloadable excel template. You can learn more about excel modeling from the following articles –

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