What is Cash Receipt?
A cash receipt is a printed acknowledgment of the amount of cash received during a transaction involving the transfer of cash or cash equivalent. The original copy of the cash receipt is given to the customer, while the other copy is kept by the seller for accounting purposes.
In other words, it is generated when a vendor accepts cash or cash equivalent from an external source, such as a customer, an investor or a bank. Usually, the cash is acknowledged when money is taken from a customer to adjust the outstanding accounts receivable balance that was generated when the credit sale transaction happened. It can also be seen as a collection of money that increases the cash and cash equivalent balance in a company’s balance sheet.
Format of Cash Receipt
Inherently, the following information is featured in a cash receipt:
- The date on which the transaction happened
- The unique number which is assigned to the document for identification
- The name of the customer
- The amount of cash received
- The method of payment i.e. whether the payment is done by cash, cheque etc.
- The signature of the vendor
Examples of Cash Receipt Journal
Below we have taken some examples of cash receipt journal.
Let us take an example of a cash receipt journal pertaining to a cash sale transaction.
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Let us assume that a lemonade stand has been set up in the neighborhood during the summer to cater to customers during the weekends. It is a plain vanilla business model where the vendor sells a glass of lemonade for $5 with the expectation that the money will be paid immediately.
The lemonade vendor does not sell any glass of lemonade on credit; rather immediate cash receipt is recognized with the sale (debit the cash account, credit the sales account). In this example, the vendor sells each glass of lemonade against cash payment of $5 from the customer and then the vendor issues the cash receipt to the customer.
Now let us look at an example of a cash receipt journal associated with a credit sale that results in receivable.
Let us assume that there is a large distributor of televisions who sells a variety of different brands of television. The distributor has been in the business for a long time and as such has developed a strong business network. The distributor purchases the televisions from numerous television manufacturers and due to the long-standing relationship, the distributor is offered favorable credit terms that allow him to order televisions as and when required. The credit period offered is for 30 days. In this example, a television manufacturer would record a sale to the distributor after shipping the televisions to him; however, this is not when the manufacturer would record the receipt.
Rather, the manufacturer would record the sale transaction in the income statement and recognize a receivable balance in the balance sheet which is due in 30 days (debit the receivable account, credit the sales account). The receipt would be finally issued only when the actual payment is realized in the form of cash or cheque. In that case, the outstanding receivable balance would be reduced and the cash balance would be increased (debit the cash account, credit the receivable account).
Relevance and Uses
It is not only a proof of ownership but can also be used for various other purposes. For example, there are instances where the retailer would ask a customer to produce the cash receipt so that the exchange or return of purchased items can be approved, while in the case of product warranty also the vendor may ask for the receipt that was issued at the time of product sale.
Another basic but important benefit of a cash receipt is the completeness of the accounting records that support the existence of recording transactions. One of the major reason for an audit is the lack of documents (such as cash receipts) to support the existence of the transaction. As such having cash receipts and proper filing will avoid the risk of audit issues. Without a cash receipt, the accounting record is incomplete which can be risky in the long run.
Also, a receipt asked during purchases or payments can be validly used to claim as an expense and then utilized as a deduction to sales in case the purchaser is sales tax registered. The benefit of input tax (sales tax on expenses) exceeds output tax (sales tax on sales) then the vendor can claim for refund on the excess or difference.
Another importance of cash receipt is that at certain times, it can also be useful for tax purposes it can be used to legally minimize or decrease tax payable. Since it can be used as expenses which are deducted to sales, it will, in fact, minimize the payment due to lower net income.
This has been a guide to what is Cash Receipt. Here we discussed Cash Receipt Journal examples along with its format and practical examples and its relevance. You can learn more about accounting with the following articles –