What are Monetary Assets?
Monetary Assets are those short term assets that can be liquidated easily and quickly like cash and cash equivalents, short term investments, receivables, etc. Their value is fixed in terms of the money they are not subject to depreciation or appreciation.
Monetary Assets Examples
- Cash: Cash can be referred to as the legal tender, which can be used in order to trade in goods, services, or debts. They can be in the form of currency or coins. Cash has a fixed amount of value, although the purchasing power might be affected due to the macroeconomic factors prevailing in the economy like inflation.
- Bank Deposits: Bank deposits refer to the money placed by the person with the banks or the other financial institutions. This deposit can be made in the accounts, including checking accounts, savings account, and the money market account. These are treated as the monetary assets as the person can withdraw the money from these accounts mostly as and when required as a fixed cash amount.
- Trade Receivables: Trade receivables refers to the amount owed by the customers of the company to it with respect to the goods sold for which the payment has not been received yet from the customers. The amounts to be received against them will remain the same and will not change even though the value of goods which were sold changed at the time of receipt of payment.
- Other Receivables: They are to be settled through the cash mode, and its value does not change with respect to a time period.
- Investments in Debt Capital: The investment in the debt capital will remain the same at the time of its maturity and would not change with the change in the time period.
#1 – Fixed in Value but may Result in Decline in Real Value
This value is fixed in terms of money for example if a company has $20,000 in cash the value after one year also remain the same i.e., $20,000 only but the effect of inflation affects it like the thing which was $20,000 last year might be higher than $20,000 in the current year. Hence the change in value in real terms is possible in case of monetary assets.
#2 – Re-Statement in Financial Statements
These are in the form of cash equivalents that are to be valued at the current market value at every balance sheet date, for example, foreign receivables, short term investments, foreign currency held as cash in hand. All these assets are to be valued at real value, and other monetary assets have fixed value.
#3 – Other Features
- Easily Liquidate
- Can use and converted into cash at the time of need
- A ready market for sale is available
- Not subject to depreciation
- Can be used for working capital
- For Meeting Daily Expenses – As business needs the money in real terms for meeting day to day expenses and paying wages to the workers etc. This is much needed for it.
- For Working Capital Cycle – These are required for working capital i.e., for paying to creditors and receipts from debtors and giving advances or short-term loans to employees and others.
- For Maintaining Liquidity – As Business risk is uncertain anytime money can be needed for meeting unplanned expenditures; hence certain liquidity is required; hence there is a need for monetary assets in every business entity.
- Fixed in Value and Lower Risk – As the value of such assets is fixed in nature; hence, they carry an obligation to deliver a certain amount at times of need because of their static nature.
- They contain an obligation to deliver the specified value, which can be converted into cash quickly.
- The working capital cycle is very important for business organizations, and monetary assets can be used in case of a slow down of working capital, and business can be conducted smoothly.
- It gives assurance to stakeholders that the company has certain liquid funds, and in the case and financial crisis arise, then liquid funds help the business to stand and safety tool for stakeholders.
- It assures creditors and other lenders that their money is safe, and business organization will repay its obligations timely.
- These are those assets that can be easily convertible into cash like cash and cash equivalents, short term investment, and advances, etc. It ensures that the company runs smoothly even in case of a slowdown of the working capital cycle.
- These are of much importance for every business organization. This is so because every business needs real cash for dealing day to day and petty cash transactions. These are different from non-monetary assets in terms of quick conversion and ready market.
This has been a guide to What is Monetary Assets & its Definition. Here we discuss the features of monetary assets and needs along with examples importance. You can learn more about from the following articles –