Net Tangible Assets is the resultant value derived as the company’s total assets less all intangible assets like patents, goodwill, and trademarks minus all the liabilities and stock or in other words net intangible asset is the total of all the physical assets like plant, machinery, land, buildings, inventories, all-cash instruments, etc.
What are Net Tangible Assets (NTA)?
Net tangible assets is an accounting term, also alternatively known as net asset value or book value. It can be calculated by taking the total assets of a business and subtracting any intangible assets like goodwill, patents or trademarks, par value of preferred stocks and also remove all liabilities to arrive at the figure.
Net Tangible Assets Formula
- Total Assets = Total assets are the sum total of the asset side of the balance sheetBalance SheetA balance sheet is one of the financial statements of a company that presents the shareholders' equity, liabilities, and assets of the company at a specific point in time. It is based on the accounting equation that states that the sum of the total liabilities and the owner's capital equals the total assets of the company.. It includes all current assetsAll Current AssetsCurrent assets refer to those short-term assets which can be efficiently utilized for business operations, sold for immediate cash or liquidated within a year. It comprises inventory, cash, cash equivalents, marketable securities, accounts receivable, etc., long-term tangible assets, as well as intangible assets and goodwill.
- Intangible Assets = These assets are those which we can’t touch or feel, for example, goodwill, trademark, copyrights, or patents. Please note that most balance sheet reports goodwillReports GoodwillIn accounting, goodwill is an intangible asset that is generated when one company purchases another company for a price that is greater than the sum of the company's net identifiable assets at the time of acquisition. It is determined by subtracting the fair value of the company's net identifiable assets from the total purchase price. separately from intangible assets. In our Net tangible asset formula, do not forget to take the sum total of both.
- Total Liabilities = These include current liabilitiesThese Include Current LiabilitiesCurrent Liabilities are the payables which are likely to settled within twelve months of reporting. They're usually salaries payable, expense payable, short term loans etc., long-term debt, and other long-term liabilities.
Net Tangible Assets Example
Suppose Company A has total assets worth $1.5 million on its books, has total liabilities worth$200 million and intangible assets worth $500 million, then after subtracting both of them from total assets, net assetsNet AssetsThe net asset on the balance sheet is the amount by which your total assets exceed your total liabilities and is calculated by simply adding what you own (assets) and subtract it from whatever you owe (liabilities). It is commonly known as net worth (NW). would come to $800 million.
Starbucks Net Tangible Assets Calculation
Now that we calculate NTA of Starbucks.
source: Starbucks SEC Filings
- The Total Assets (2017) = $14,365.6
- Total Intangible Assets (2017) = $516.3 + $1539.2 = $1980.6
- Total Liabilities (2017) = $8,908.6
- NTA Formula (2017) = Total Assets (2017) – Total Intangible Assets (2017) – Total Liabilities (2017)
- = $14,365.6 – $1980.6 – $8,908.6 = $3,476.4
- The Total Assets (2016) = $14,312.5
- Total Intangible Assets (2016) = $441.4 + $1,719.6 = $2161.0
- Total Liabilities (2016) = $8,421.8
- NTA Formula (2016) = Total Assets (2016) – Total Intangible Assets (2016) – Total Liabilities (2016)
- = $14,365.6 – $1980.6 – $8,908.6 = $3,729.7
Significance and Use of NTA
This measure is considered very useful in the analysis of a company’s assets bit their level relevance might be different for any industry one might be dealing with. The relevance of NTA is largely dependent on how important intangible assets are for a specific industry since they are taken away while calculating this measure.
- In the case of Oil & Gas companies or car manufacturers, NTAs are very high. They can secure debt financing relatively easily by pledging their tangible assets.
- In technology companies, however, intangible assetsIntangible AssetsIntangible Assets are the identifiable assets which do not have a physical existence, i.e., you can't touch them, like goodwill, patents, copyrights, & franchise etc. They are considered as long-term or long-living assets as the Company utilizes them for over a year. are pretty large. This results in a lower amount of NTAs.
Net Tangible Assets Per Share
This measure is used in place of NTA for a useful comparison of companies operating within a specific industry. This is because different industries tend to have widely varying ratios of tangible assetsTangible AssetsAny physical assets owned by a firm that can be quantified with reasonable ease and are used to carry out its business activities are defined as tangible assets. For example, a company's land, as well as any structures erected on it, furniture, machinery, and equipment. and intangible assets, and hence the relevance of this measure differs.
Net tangible assets per share are calculated by dividing the NTA figure by the total number of shares outstanding for a company.
- Net Tangible Assets per share formula = NTA / Total number of shares
Example of Net Tangible Assets Per Share
In the example, we discussed earlier, if Company A has NTA worth $800 million and has 200 million outstanding shares, NTA per share would work out to $4.00 per share.
Net Tangible Assets Per Share of Starbucks
- NTA (2017) = $14,365.6 – $1980.6 – $8,908.6 = $3,476.4
- Total Number of Shares (2017) = 1449.5
- Net Tangible Assets per Share (2017) = 3,476.2 / 1449.5 = $2.4
- NTA (2016) = $14,365.6 – $1980.6 – $8,908.6 = $3,729.7
- Total Number of Shares (2016) = 1471.6
- NTA per Share (2016) = $3,729.7 / 1471.6 = $2.5
Net Tangible Assets Video
This has been a guide to what is Net Tangible Assets, its formula, example, and calculations. Here we also discuss Net Tangible Assets Per Share and why it is important? You may also go through the recommended articles on basic accounting –