What is Depreciation Rate?
The depreciation rate is the percentage rate at which asset is depreciated across the estimated productive life of the asset. It may also be defined as the percentage of a long term investment done in an asset by a company which company claims as tax-deductible expense across the useful life of the asset. It is different for each class of assets.
Depreciation Rate Formula
The most widely used method of depreciation is the straight-line methodStraight-line MethodStraight Line Depreciation Method is one of the most popular methods of depreciation where the asset uniformly depreciates over its useful life and the cost of the asset is evenly spread over its useful and functional life. . This rate is calculated as per the following formula:
Depreciation Rate per year: 1/useful life of the asset
Depreciation Value per year = (Cost of Asset – Salvage value of Asset)/ Depreciation Rate per Year
- Cost of asset: It is the initial book value of the asset. It includes taxes paid or shipping charges paid etc. for the asset, if any.
- The useful life of the asset: Useful life of the asset is the time period for which an asset can function properly. Beyond the useful life, the asset is deemed to be cost-ineffective or not fit for operation/usage. The useful life of a few of the assets like computers, real-estate, etc. is defined by the respective revenue authority. For example, computers are depreciatedComputers Are DepreciatedDepreciation for computers means an amount written-off from the cost of computers each year equally or calculated by an enterprise over the useful life of computers to change them. It refers to reducing or providing an amount to decrease computers' value and report profits accurately. over 5 years, while vehicles are depreciated across 8 years.
- Salvage Value: Value of asset after the useful life of the property at which the company may sell the asset. It is also known as scrap valueScrap ValueSalvage value or scrap value is the estimated value of an asset after its useful life is over. For example, if a company's machinery has a 5-year life and is only valued $5000 at the end of that time, the salvage value is $5000..
Below are some of the examples to understand this concept better.
- Cost of a Vehicle: $5,00,000/-
- Scrap Value of Machine: $50,000
- The useful life of asset: 5 years
Depreciation rate formula: 1/5 = 20%
- Depreciation value per year: (500000-50000)/5 = 90,000
- Thus depreciation rate during the useful life of vehicles would be 20% per year.
A company purchases 40 units of storage tanks worth $1,00,000/- per unit. Tanks have a useful life of 10 years and a scrap value of $11000/-. The company uses a Double declining method of depreciationDouble Declining Method Of DepreciationThe Double Declining Balance Method is one of the accelerated methods used for calculating the depreciation amount to be charged in the company's income statement. It is determined by multiplying the book value of the asset by the straight-line method's rate of depreciation and 2 for calculating the depreciation expense for the tanks.
- The formula as per the straight-line method: 1/useful life of asset = 10%
- Depreciation period Double Decline Method: Rate as per straight-line method * 2 = 10% * 2 = 20%
Depreciation for subsequent years (considering storage tanks are bought at the start of FY19) is as follows:
*Depreciation expense for the Year 2028 is kept at 2422 to maintain the salvage valueSalvage ValueSalvage value or scrap value is the estimated value of an asset after its useful life is over. For example, if a company's machinery has a 5-year life and is only valued $5000 at the end of that time, the salvage value is $5000. at the end of 10 Years.
For 40 units, the depreciation table will be as follows:
*Book value is for 40 unit
# Depreciation expense for the Year 2028 is kept at $96,871 to maintain the residual value at the end of 10 Years.
- It helps to spread the cost of an investment in fixed assetsFixed AssetsFixed assets are assets that are held for the long term and are not expected to be converted into cash in a short period of time. Plant and machinery, land and buildings, furniture, computers, copyright, and vehicles are all examples. across the useful life of the asset. This way, the company does not have to account for the cost in the first year, else the company will have to suffer losses in the year of purchase.
- It helps provide the correct market value of assets,s thereby reflecting the wear and tear the asset might have had basis the number of years it has been used for.
- It helps to generate tax savings for the company.
- It is usually considered to be constant for the particular class of asset and hence reflects the estimated value of depreciation every year. The useful life of an asset and hence depreciation depends on many other factors like the way an asset is handled, the number of hours it is operated for, the quality of parts of assets, etc. which are not reflected in depreciation rate usually.
- For assets like IT assets, which are upgraded from time to time, it is difficult to ascertain the actual depreciation rate since the value of assets varies in the middle of the useful life of assets, subsequently changing the useful life of an asset. This further complicates the calculation.
Depreciation Rate is used by the company for calculation of depreciation on the assets owned by them and depends on the rates issued by the Income-tax department. Poor methods of calculation may distort both the Profit and Loss statement and Balance sheet of the companyBalance Sheet Of The CompanyA balance sheet is one of the financial statements of a company that presents the shareholders' equity, liabilities, and assets of the company at a specific point in time. It is based on the accounting equation that states that the sum of the total liabilities and the owner's capital equals the total assets of the company.. Hence a fair understanding of the same is very important.
Depreciation Rate Video
This has been a guide to Depreciation Rate and its definition. Here we discuss its Depreciation Rate formula and its calculations along with practical examples. You may learn more about accounting from the following articles –