Gross Sales Meaning
Gross Sales is a measure of the total sales of the company be it products or services or both reported by an entity during a particular period excluding the returns, allowances, rebates and the discounts. It is also called top-line sales. In informal terms, we can say that it is the revenue from the products that have actually moved off the shelves and reached the customers. This is a gross value, meaning it does not take into consideration any of the adjustments.
How to Calculate Gross Sales?
Sum up the invoice value of all the items sold during the particular period. Calculate the sales value based on the selling price before deducting discounts, rebates, returns or any kind of allowances. Doing this, we will arrive at the top line sales value of the company.
Gross Sales formula can be represented as per below –
Gross Sales Formula = Sum of all the Values in Sales Invoices
Gross Sales Examples
Let us now look at examples to calculate Gross Sales
Calculate gross sales from the following invoice details given below –
- Invoice 489 – The net sales were $400. However, $100 discount was given on the said invoice.
- Invoice 490 – The net sales after the return of goods was $45. $5 of goods was returned.
- Invoice 491 – A shoe had a small defect. After the allowance given, the total amount paid by the customer was $60. An allowance of $10 was given to the customer for the defect.
First, we will calculate sales for each invoice.
- Gross sales (Invoice 489) = Net Sales + Discount
- = $400 + $100
- = $500
- Gross sales (Invoice 490) = Net sales + Sales Return
- = $45 + $5
- = $50
- Sales (Invoice 491) = Net sales + Allowance
- = $60 + $10
- = $70
Now the total will be –
- = $500 + $50 + $70
- = $620
Therefore, the total sales are $620.
Gross Sales Example #2
If a company records revenue from sales of $3 million as sales, the company would record this as the top line sales.
In the same example, if we consider that the company allows a discount of 1% on sales i.e., $30,000 and refunds $10,000 on account of warranties, returns, etc.
Here also, the top-line sales would be the same as $3 million but the figure which would take into consideration all the above factors would be net sales. Net sales, hence, would be = $3,000,000 – $30,000 – $10,000 = 2,960,000.
Most investors usually get confused with terms like Gross Sales, Revenue and Net Sales. Let us now analyze the differences between the three terms.
Gross Sales vs Revenue
Since sales from the major block of the total revenue to the company, sales and revenue are the two terms which are often used interchangeably. But there is a slight difference. Let us understand this with the help of a table summarizing the differences between the two
|Sr. No||Gross Sales||Revenue|
|1||This is the total income generated by a company from the sales of the company.||Total income generated by a company.|
|2||Gross Sales = Units Sold * Sales Price||Revenue = Sales + Other Income|
|3||This indicates the selling capability of the company in the market.||Revenue indicates the ability of the company to allocate resources, invest money and earn more money.|
Gross Sales vs Net Sales
|Sr.No||Gross Sales||Net Sales|
|1||They are the total sales value without any deductions.||Net Sales are the total sales value after deductions from gross.|
|2||This is a ‘gross’ figure and hence would be higher in value compared to the net sales.||Net Sales is the total after refunds, discounts, allowances, etc. have been deducted.|
|3||Needless to say, It is dependent on the sales happened during the year and not on net sales.||This is dependent on gross sales since it is derived from net sales.|
|4||Gross Sales = Units Sold * Sales Price||Net Sales = Sales – All Required Deductions|
|5||Deductions include Operating expenses i.e. operational expenses are deducted||Deductions include non- operational expenses i.e. non-operational expenses are deducted|
|6||Though called as the top-line sales, it gives a slightly less accurate and gives a deceiving picture of the actual sales of the company.||This gives a much more accurate picture of the company’s sales and its realization from sales. This measure is more suitable to be actually known as top-line sales.|
Presentation of Gross Sales in Accounts
- They are the first title that we can see in an income statement.
- It consists of all the sales transactions made during the time period stated in the heading of the income statement be it monthly, quarterly, half-yearly or yearly.
- Sales discounts, rebates, returns, and allowances are deducted in the next line.
- After deducting the sales discounts, returns and allowances from gross sales, the balancing figure is presented in the third line as net sales.
Some of the uses are as follows:
- It is used to calculate the break-even sales volume at which costs become equal to the sales revenue.
- It is used for various managerial and accounting functions.
- Targets are set to the sales team and marketing personnel often based on the gross sales figure.
- This measure is important for retail businesses to file tax returns periodically.
Some of the limitations are as follows:
- The value is misleading because the amount of sales figure presented is overstated.
- It is a figure that is not subject to any adjustments only after which the actual value of sales can be determined and for this reason, it is not the most sought after sales value for decision making or for arriving at any conclusions.
- This value is only relevant in the consumer-retail industry where major sales are made.
- The gross sales value prevents consumers from determining.
The sum of all the receipts from sales of an entity unaffected by any adjustments is gross sales. Although they have their own uses in accounting, presentation and, payment of tax, it is not of much use after the net sales have been calculated. At first glance, it may look good but that may be before the exorbitant discounts, refunds, sales returns and adjustments after which it might not look as good. Hence, net sales is a slightly more utilitarian sales figure because it represents the value after accounting for adjustments.
This has been a guide to what are gross sales and it’s meaning. Here we discuss the formula to calculate gross sales along with is uses, presentation, and limitations. You can learn more about accounting from the following articles –