Financial Statement Analysis

- Ratio Analysis of Financial Statements (Formula, Types, Excel)
- Ratio Analysis Advantages
- Ratio Analysis
- Liquidity Ratios
- Cash Ratio
- Cash Ratio Formula
- Quick Ratio
- Quick Ratio Formula
- Current Ratio
- Current Ratio Formula
- Acid Test Ratio Formula
- Defensive Interval Ratio
- Working Capital Ratio
- Working Capital Formula
- Net Working Capital Formula
- Changes in Net Working Capital
- Change in Net Working Capital (NWC) Formula
- Cash Flow from Operations Ratio
- Cash Flow Per Share
- Cash Reserve Ratio
- Operating Cycle Formula
- Current Ratio vs Quick Ratio
- Bid Ask Spread
- Liquidity vs Solvency
- Liquidity
- Solvency
- Solvency Ratios
- Equity Ratio
- Capital Adequacy Ratio
- Liquidity Risk
- Altman Z Score

- Turnover Ratios
- Inventory Turnover Ratio
- Accounts Receivable Turnover
- Accounts Receivables Turnover Ratio
- Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio
- Days Inventory Outstanding
- Days in Inventory
- Days Sales Outstanding
- Days Sales Uncollected
- Average Collection Period
- Days Payable Outstanding
- Cash Conversion Cycle
- Cash Conversion Cycle (CCC) Formula
- Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio Formula
- Debtor Days Formula
- Working Capital Turnover Ratio

- Profitability Ratios
- Profitability Ratios Formula
- Common Size Income Statement
- Vertical Analysis of Income Statement
- Profit Margin
- Gross Profit Margin Formula
- Gross Profit Percentage
- Operating Profit Margin Formula
- EBIT Margin Formula
- Operating Income Formula
- Net Profit Margin Formula
- EBIDTA Margin
- Degree of Operating Leverage Formula (DOL)
- NOPAT Formula
- OIBDA
- Earnings Per Share
- Basic EPS
- Diluted EPS
- Basic EPS vs Diluted EPS
- Return on Equity (ROE)
- Return on Capital Employed (ROCE)
- Return on Invested Capital (ROIC)
- Return on Sales
- ROIC Formula (Return on Invested Capital)
- Return on Investment Formula (ROI)
- ROIC vs ROCE
- ROE vs ROA
- CFROI
- Cash on Cash Return
- Return on Total Assets (ROA)
- Return on Average Capital Employed
- Capital employed Employed
- Return on Average Assets (ROAA)
- Return on Average Equity (ROAE)
- Return on Assets Formula
- Return on Equity Formula
- DuPont Formula
- Net Interest Margin Formula
- Earnings Per Share Formula
- Diluted EPS Formula
- Contribution Margin Formula
- Unit Contribution Margin
- Revenue Per Employee Ratio
- Operating Leverage
- EBIT vs EBITDA
- EBITDAR
- Capital Gains Yield
- Tax Equivalent Yield
- LTM Revenue
- Operating Expense Ratio Formula
- Overhead Ratio Formula
- Variable Costing Formula
- Capitalization Rate
- Cap Rate Formula
- Comparative Income Statement
- Capacity Utilization Rate Formula
- Total Expense Ratio Formula
- Markup Percentage Formula

- Efficiency Ratios
- Dividend Ratios
- Debt Ratios
- Debt to Equity Ratio
- Debt Coverage Ratio
- Debt Ratio
- Debt to Asset Ratio Formula
- Coverage Ratio
- Coverage Ratio Formula
- Debt to Income Ratio Formula (DTI)
- Capital Gearing Ratio
- Capitalization Ratio
- Overcapitalization
- Interest Coverage Ratio
- Times Interest Earned Ratio
- Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR)
- DSCR Formula (Debt service coverage ratio)
- Financial Leverage Ratio
- Financial Leverage Formula
- Degree of Financial Leverage Formula
- Net Debt Formula
- Leverage Ratios
- Leverage Ratios Formula
- Operating Leverage vs Financial Leverage
- Current Yield
- Debt Yield Ratio
- Solvency Ratio Formula

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## What is Return on Sales Ratio?

Return on Sales is a financial ratio that shows how efficiently a company is able to generate operating profit from its revenue. It is used to measure the performance of the company by analyzing what percentage of the revenue eventually results in profit for the company rather than being spent towards paying the company’s operating cost.

- It can also be used to provide insight into how much profit is being produced per dollar of sales. Return on sales (ROS) is also known as operating profit margin since it gives an idea of the operational efficiency of the company.
- This implies whether the company’s operation is running at its optimal potential or not.
- Consequently, return on sales ratio forms a key part of the evaluation process of a company which is not only used for the internal purpose but mainly for the creditors and the investors who explore for better profit margins.

### Return on Sales Formula

The calculation of return on sales ratio is done by dividing the operating profit by the net sales for the period and it is mathematically represented as,

**Return on Sales Formula = Operating profit / Net sales * 100%**

It is to be ensured that the operating profit does not include any of the non-operating income or expense such as income tax, interest expense etc.

### How to Calculate Return On Sales?

The following five simple steps can be used to the calculation of return on sales of a company:

**Step #1: **Firstly, collect operating expenses such as rent, equipment, inventory costs, marketing etc. from the income statement.

**Step #2:** Next, collect net sales also from the income statement.

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**Step #3:** Now, subtract the operating expenses from the net sales to find the operating profit of the company.

**Operating profit = Net sales – Operating expense**

**Step #4:** Now, divide the operating profit by the net sales to find the portion of each dollar the company keeps as profit.

**Step #5:** Finally, multiply the above result by 100% for the calculation of return on sales ratio as a percentage.

**Return on Sales Formula = Operating profit / Net sales * 100%**

### Examples of Return on Sales Ratio

Let us consider an example of the calculation of return on sales ratio for a company called PQR Limited. PQR Limited is in the business of manufacturing customized roller skates for both professional and amateur skaters. At the end of the financial year 20XX, QPR Limited has earned $150,000 in total net sales along with the corresponding expenses.

- Net sales: (+) $150,000
- Salaries: (-) $50,000
- Rent: (-) $20,000
- Interest expense: (-) $10,000
- Depreciation expense: (-) $25,000
- Taxes: (-) $4,000
- Net income: $41,000

Based on the given information, the operating profit of PQR Limited at the end of the financial year 20XX can be calculated as,

Operating profit = Net sales – Salaries – Rent – Depreciation expense

[Interest expense and Taxes not included as these are non-operating expenses]

The Calculation of Return on Sales Formula can be done as,

Return on sales Formula =Operating profit / Net sales * 100%

Therefore, the Return on Sales Ratio of the company for the year 20XX stood at 36.67

### Relevance and Uses

- Every business owner has some definite goals and one of the chief goals is to make a profit. A business needs money to operate and therefore it is essential for the business to make an adequate profit so that it can invest more money in the business to make it a continuous process. As such, ROS is used to understand whether the turnover is being converted to actual profit or not and if it is making a profit, then how much percentage of the turnover is the actual profit after subtracting all the expenses.
- The Return on sales is a very important financial ratio because various stakeholders of a company such as investors, creditors and other debt holders trust this efficiency ratio since it accurately conveys the percentage of operating profit a company makes on its total sales income. Consequently, it provides insight into potential earning, reinvestment potential and the company’s debt servicing ability. A higher return on sales ratio for a company means that the company is performing better because it retains more money as profit. Further, an increasing ROS shows that the company is growing efficiently, while a decreasing trend in the ratio could be an indication of looming financial difficulties.
- ROS is employed in the comparison of current period performance with that of the previous periods. This eventually lets a company carry out trend analyses that help in the comparison of the internal efficiency performance over time. It is also useful in the comparison of one company’s return on sales percentage with that of another competing company, regardless of the scale of operation. In this way, an analyst may find it feasible to compare and assess the performance of a small company vis-à-vis a large company such as a Fortune 500 company.
- The ratio of return on sales should only be utilized in the comparison of companies within the same industry as the ratio varies greatly across industries. For example, a grocery retail chain has a much lower margin as compared to a technology company and the same trend can be seen for ROS for these industries and as such, they are not comparable.

### Recommended Articles

This has been a guide to what is Return on Sales. Here we discuss Return on Sales calculation using its formula (Operating Profit/Net Sales) along with practical examples. You may also have a look at the following financial analysis articles –