Ninja Loans

Updated on April 12, 2024
Article byWallstreetmojo Team
Edited byWallstreetmojo Team
Reviewed byDheeraj Vaidya, CFA, FRM

Ninja Loan

Ninja loans are those loans allotted with less or no verification from the lender’s end. Therefore, despite a poor credit score, when a particular amount is given to a borrower, the loan carries significant risk as the lender is not sure if the borrower will repay the entire amount. Such loans are also known as the sub-prime crisis, as these were granted without checking the credit score or mortgage.

Ninja Loans

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These, however, are not a secure way of doing business. The Ninja loan lenders are not verified properly, which creates higher risks of loan defaulting. On the other hand, the loan is not backed up by mortgages or collateral, which further causes the risk to the lender because the borrower cannot sell any assets to recover his lending amount.

Key Takeaways

  1. Ninja loans are given out with little to no verification from the lender. So, even with a low credit score, the lender still takes a big risk when lending money to a borrower because they aren’t sure they can pay back the full amount. 
  2. Since these loans were made without considering the borrower’s credit or mortgage, they are sometimes called the subprime crisis.
  3. The processing of Ninja Loan involves minimal or no document verification. In many circumstances, the loans are not mortgages and have interest rates greater than those generally accepted in the market. 
  4. The borrower’s ability to repay the loan is not considered, and the loan is approved via a nil procedure.

How Does Ninja Loan Work?

A Ninja loan application is processed with lesser or no document verification. The loans, in many cases, do not consist of mortgages and bear a higher rate of interest than the standard interest rate prevailing in the market.

The loan-paying ability of the borrower is not taken into account, and the loan is granted through nil procedure. Ninja loans contain a higher amount of risk as compared to regular loans.

The marketing cost related to these kinds of loans is less as borrowers who wish to hide their respective documents come to take advantage of these kinds of loans. A short-term credit score is prioritized during the process of these loans.

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Examples

To understand what is a Ninja loan more clearly, let us look at the following examples:

Example #1

Mr. X can pay a loan of up to $1,000, backed up by a mortgage. In comparison, the lender has offered an amount of $1,500 to Mr. X without the mortgage. The lender charges a higher amount of interest than the existing market rate.

Thus, the amount which exceeds Mr. X’s capability, i.e., $(1,500-1,000) or $500, is the amount that carries a higher amount of risk as the borrower can pay $1,000.

Example #2

During the crisis of 2008 and the fall of Lehman Brothers in the U.S., the primary reasons were subprime lending. Because of prosperous business, the company has offered to those who cannot pay the amount.

Proper audits and verifications were not conducted during the granting of the loans. Thus, in terms of economics, it has created a bubble impact, and the burst of the bubble badly affects the Bank and the entire system, causing its downfall.

Advantages

  • From the lender’s point of view, in ninja loans, the lesser the verification, the higher the number of loans. In other words, if the loan granting procedure is less stringent, then a higher number of people will apply for the loan irrespective of their credit score. The lender will grant a higher number of loans and simultaneously bring higher interest costs to the lender.
  • A greater number of borrowers will ensure low marketing and sales costs for the lender as the lender is getting its business done through an ample amount of customers who have already registered their names due to low verifications.
  • There will be a continuous flow of business provided the loan is repaid on time.
  • There is a possibility that the lender will be receiving a higher interest rate because of less paperwork and the verification process. As the borrower has a poor credit score, the chances of getting a loan are lower. Thus, there is ample risk associated with the quality of the loan, so the lender takes risks and charges a higher interest on the given amount.
  • When the general economy does well, the population does well in terms of income and can afford a higher interest rate in case of loans taken. But if the reverse happens, the lender must emphasize collecting the principal amount.

Limitations

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What did the term “ninja loans” mean?

A NINJA loan(No Income, No Job, No Assets Loan) has been given to a borrower with little to no effort made by the lender to check certain characteristics that indicate the applicant’s capacity to repay is known as a NINJA Loan.

What exactly is a “liar loan”?

A mortgage loan, known as a “liar loan,” needs little or no proof of income. Such loans are regarded as “liar loans” because lenders just take the borrower’s word and do not verify income and assets by reviewing W-2 forms, income tax filings, and other data.

Describe a floating loan.

A loan with a floating interest rate is referred to in business and finance as a floating rate loan (also known as a variable or adjustable rate loan). Concerning a base rate to which a spread or margin is added, the customer’s overall rate fluctuates or “floats” (or, more rarely, subtracted).

Which interest rate—fixed or floating—is preferable?

Fixed interest rates are 1% to 2% higher than floating interest rates. The variable interest rate provided by banks or NBFCs is lower than the fixed rates provided to clients when comparing fixed and floating interest rates.

This article has been a guide to Ninja Loan and its meaning. Here we explain how it works along with examples, advantages, and limitations. You can learn more from the following articles –

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