What is Texas Ratio?
Texas Ratio measures the riskiness of financial institutions such as banks and helps investors understand the credit riskiness of the bank before making investment decision. It is calculated calculated by taking financial institution’s non-performing assets and dividing the same by the sum of the bank’s tangible common equity and bank’s loan loss reserve.
Texas Ratio Formula
- Non-Performing Assets: This is the loans and advanced offered by the bank, for which no principal and interest payment has been received from the borrower. Usually, this loan and advances are classified as non – performing assets when the borrower defaults on loan for more than 90 days.
- Real Estate Owned by Bank: Property which is kept as collateral by the borrower, now taken by the bank because of non-payment of dues (interest & principal payment).
- Tangible Common equity: Equity capital less intangible assets owned by the bank (for e.g. Goodwill)
- Loan Loss Reserves: Banks estimate the loss on loans due to defaults and non-payment by the borrowers.
How Texas Ratio is Calculated & interpreted?
- Analyst or investor can calculate this ratio by using the above-mentioned component in the formula such as non-performing assets, real estate owned by the bank (i.e. foreclosed property), loan loss reserve & tangible common equity. Some websites publish the texas ratios so one can find it over there.
- A ratio below 1 indicates that the bank has lower non-performing assets as compared to its resources & as this ratio approaches 1, the bank has fewer resources to cover the loss from non-performing assets. If this ratio is 1 or above, then the chances of bank failure are high.
- An investor can use this ratio as an effective indicator to measure credit problems in the bank but it does not guarantee the failure of banks. In some of the cases, the bank with a high ratio managed to stay solvent.
- Some analyst uses a modified version of the Texas ratio which considers the loan which is secured by the government (If a bank holds any non-performing loan which is guaranteed under federal loan program then these losses are compensated by the government. Therefore, it makes sense to adjust this ratio by subtracting the government-sponsored loan from non-performing assets.
Below is the modified formula as follow:
Brian Tylor is looking to invest his fund in one of the following banks but before investing he asked an analyst to check which of these banks are more solvent and safer?
An analyst calculated Texas ratio to suggest a less risky bank to Mr. Taylor and after considering all the details of the banks, Analyst suggested investing in ABC bank as it has more equity resources to absorb the loss of bad loans as compared to other banks i.e. PQR & XYZ.
Use of Taxes Ratio
During the 1980s, Gerard Cassidy introduced the Texas ratio to predict the potential credit problem in the banking system. If the bank has made too many bad loans and has little equity resources to cover the loss on this bad loan it could cause the bank to fail. It can be used as one of the indicators which give a signal in advance to analyst or investor about the bank’s investments.
This is simply a precautionary indicator that considers non-performing assets, government-sponsored loans, real estate owned, Tangible equity capital & loan loss reserves of the bank to come up with a ratio. It can be interpreted by investors like the ratio approaches or exceeds 1, chances of bank failure rise but it does not assure the bank failure.
This has been a guide to What is Texas Ratio & its definition. Here we discuss the formula to calculate the texas ratio examples along with uses. You can learn more about from the following articles –