Ratio Analysis Tutorial
 Ratio Analysis of Financial Statements
 Liquidity Ratios
 Turnover Ratios
 Profitability Ratios
 Profit Margin
 Gross Profit Margin Formula
 Operating Profit Margin Formula
 Net Profit Margin Formula
 EBIDTA Margin
 Return on Equity (ROE)
 Return on Capital Employed (ROCE)
 Return on Invested Capital (ROIC)
 Return on Total Assets (ROA)
 Return on Average Capital Employed
 Return on Average Assets (ROAA)
 Return on Average Equity (ROAE)
 Return on Assets Formula
 Return on Equity Formula
 DuPont Formula
 Net Interest Margin Formula
 Earnings Per Share Formula
 Diluted EPS Formula
 Contribution Margin Formula
 Revenue Per Employee Ratio
 Operating Leverage
 EBIT vs EBITDA
 Efficiency Ratios
 Dividend Ratios
 Debt Ratios
 Expense Ratios
Flow of the Article
Operating Expense Ratio Formula
Operating expenses are required for operating a business. When we compare the cost of operation with the revenue generated, we get operating expense ratio (OER).
OER is popular in real estate industry and it is a common ratio that is used while doing the real estate analysis. In real estate analysis, the analysts judge the cost of operating a property with the income generated by the property.
Here’s the formula for operating expense ratio –
Explanation of Operating Expense Ratio Formula
This ratio is more useful in real estate industry, let’s have a look at OER from that perspective.
In this ratio, there are two components.
 The first component is the most important one. It is operating expenses. In the case of real estate industry, operating expenses include utilities, property management fees, maintenance, property taxes, insurance, repairs etc.
 The second component is revenue. Revenues are the income generated from a specific property.
For example, a company has bought a property to rent out to other smaller companies. To find out how the property is doing, the company would look at OER.
 If the operating ratio is higher, the company would think twice about keeping the property.
 On the other hand, if the operating ratio is lower, the company would consider the property as a great investment.
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Example of Operating Expense Ratio Formula
Let’s take a simple example to illustrate operating expense ratio formula.
Onus Inc. has been comparing its operating expenses for a property it bought and trying to find out the OER. Here’re the details –
 Operating expenses – $40,000
 Revenues – $400,000
Find out the OER of Onus Inc.
Using the operating expense ratio formula, we get –
 OER = Operating Expenses / Revenues
 Or, = $40,000 / $400,000 = 10%.
If we compare the ratio with the other companies in the same industry, we will be able to interpret the OER properly.
Use of Operating Expense Ratio Formula
Operating expense ratio formula is used heavily in real estate industry. But that is not the only industry where it gets used. It is also used in manufacturing industry and service industry.
 The purpose of using OER is to see how much income a company has been generating in relation to the operating expense it is incurring.
 Every company wants the OER to be lower. Lower the OER, better the company is performing.
 If you are looking at a company as an investor, you need to see the OER of the company for a long period of time.
 If you look at the OER of a company for long, you will be able to discover a trend of how the ratio between operating expenses and revenues are getting shaped.
 Then you can take that trend and compare with the OER of other similar companies under the same industry.
 If the OER of the target company is lower than other companies in the same industry, the target company can be the right company to invest in. However, you also need to look at other financial ratios of the company before you decide.
 OER measures the flexibility and the competency of the managers of a company. Understanding this will help you a lot as an investor.
Operating Expense Ratio Formula Calculator
You can use the following Operating Expense Ratio Calculator.
Operating Expenses  
Revenues  
Operating Expense Ratio Formula =  
Operating Expense Ratio Formula = 


Operating Expense Ratio Formula in Excel (with excel template)
Let us now do the same example above in Excel.
This is very simple. You need to provide the two inputs of Operating Expenses and Revenues.
You can easily calculate the ratio in the template provided.
You can download this OER template here – Operating Expense Ratio Excel Template
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This has been a guide to Operating Expense Ratio formula, its uses along with practical examples. Here we also provide you with Operating Expense Ratio Calculator with downloadable excel template.
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