Financial Statement Analysis
 Ratio Analysis of Financial Statements (Formula, Types, Excel)
 Ratio Analysis Advantages
 Ratio Analysis
 Liquidity Ratios
 Cash Ratio
 Cash Ratio Formula
 Quick Ratio
 Quick Ratio Formula
 Current Ratio
 Current Ratio Formula
 Acid Test Ratio Formula
 Defensive Interval Ratio
 Working Capital Ratio
 Working Capital Formula
 Net Working Capital Formula
 Changes in Net Working Capital
 Cash Flow from Operations Ratio
 Cash Reserve Ratio
 Operating Cycle Formula
 Current Ratio vs Quick Ratio
 Bid Ask Spread
 Liquidity vs Solvency
 Liquidity
 Solvency
 Solvency Ratios
 Equity Ratio
 Capital Adequacy Ratio
 Liquidity Risk
 Altman Z Score
 Turnover Ratios
 Inventory Turnover Ratio
 Accounts Receivable Turnover
 Accounts Receivables Turnover Ratio
 Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio
 Days Inventory Outstanding
 Days in Inventory
 Days Sales Outstanding
 Average Collection Period
 Days Payable Outstanding
 Cash Conversion Cycle
 Cash Conversion Cycle (CCC) Formula
 Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio Formula
 Debtor Days Formula
 Working Capital Turnover Ratio
 Profitability Ratios
 Profitability Ratios Formula
 Common Size Income Statement
 Vertical Analysis of Income Statement
 Profit Margin
 Gross Profit Margin Formula
 Gross Profit Percentage
 Operating Profit Margin Formula
 EBIT Margin Formula
 Operating Income Formula
 Net Profit Margin Formula
 EBIDTA Margin
 Degree of Operating Leverage Formula (DOL)
 NOPAT Formula
 OIBDA
 Earnings Per Share
 Basic EPS
 Diluted EPS
 Basic EPS vs Diluted EPS
 Return on Equity (ROE)
 Return on Capital Employed (ROCE)
 Return on Invested Capital (ROIC)
 Return on Sales
 ROIC Formula (Return on Invested Capital)
 Return on Investment Formula (ROI)
 ROIC vs ROCE
 ROE vs ROA
 CFROI
 Cash on Cash Return
 Return on Total Assets (ROA)
 Return on Average Capital Employed
 Capital employed Employed
 Return on Average Assets (ROAA)
 Return on Average Equity (ROAE)
 Return on Assets Formula
 Return on Equity Formula
 DuPont Formula
 Net Interest Margin Formula
 Earnings Per Share Formula
 Diluted EPS Formula
 Contribution Margin Formula
 Unit Contribution Margin
 Revenue Per Employee Ratio
 Operating Leverage
 EBIT vs EBITDA
 EBITDAR
 Capital Gains Yield
 Tax Equivalent Yield
 LTM Revenue
 Operating Expense Ratio Formula
 Overhead Ratio Formula
 Variable Costing Formula
 Capitalization Rate
 Cap Rate Formula
 Comparative Income Statement
 Capacity Utilization Rate Formula
 Total Expense Ratio Formula
 Efficiency Ratios
 Dividend Ratios
 Debt Ratios
 Debt to Equity Ratio
 Debt Coverage Ratio
 Debt Ratio
 Debt to Asset Ratio Formula
 Coverage Ratio
 Coverage Ratio Formula
 Debt to Income Ratio Formula (DTI)
 Capital Gearing Ratio
 Capitalization Ratio
 Interest Coverage Ratio
 Times Interest Earned Ratio
 Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR)
 DSCR Formula (Debt service coverage ratio)
 Financial Leverage Ratio
 Financial Leverage Formula
 Degree of Financial Leverage Formula
 Net Debt Formula
 Leverage Ratios
 Leverage Ratios Formula
 Operating Leverage vs Financial Leverage
 Current Yield
 Debt Yield Ratio
 Solvency Ratio Formula
Table of Contents
What is ROIC Formula (Return on Invested Capital)?
Return on Invested Capital or ROIC formula is the return generated by investor’s capital in a company, mainly from equity, bonds, and debentures for a particular period of the year or the year as a whole. Return on Invested Capital formula is a financial ratio that shows the profitability of investing in a company.
Return on Invested Capital Formula (ROIC) is represented as below,
Explanation of ROIC Formula
ROIC calculation is done by using the Net Operating Profit. Once the Operating Profit is calculated, we deduct Tax from the same, as we need Net Profit. This is the “Return” that the company has generated from all the capital it has used up during the period.
The denominator is the total invested capital by the company during that particular period. This may include capital raised from the market plus the company’s equity.
In, Return on Invested Capital Formula we are trying to determine the percentage of conversion of capital into returns by the company. Hence, this is used as a profitability ratio.
Meaning of Individual Components of the ROIC Formula
Net Operating Profit after Tax
This is the profit generated after deducting all possible deductions from the reported sales and profit amount. However, we mention only Tax in the formula as a deduction because; Tax is an essential component in calculating profits. This is an external component which is paid to the government of the Land. Actual profit has arrived only after Taxes are deducted. Again, if the company is listed in markets, we also need to deduct any dividends being paid out from Net Profit to arrive at this numerator.
Total Invested Capital
This is the total amount invested by the company during that particular period. This amount includes its own equity plus the debts it has raised from markets (if any).
Example of ROIC Formula (with Excel Template)
Let’s see some simple to an advanced example of Return on Invested Capital (ROIC) formula to understand it better.
ROIC Formula – Example #1
Company ABC manufactures Copper wires. In the year 2016, its net profits were $500,000. The company management decided to enhance sales and thus profits as an objective for the year 2017. For doing this, they raised capital in the form of stocks amounting to $2.5M. The retained earnings to be used for 2017 were $100,000. At the end of 2017, they made a Net profit (after tax deductions) of $575,000 and paid $100,000 as dividends to stockholders. We need to do the calculation of ROIC for 2017.
4.8 (388 ratings)
 Net Profit after Tax: $575,000
 Dividends paid out: $100,000
 Total Invested Capital: $2,500,000 + $100,000 = $2,600,000
In belowgiven template is the data of Company ABC for the ROIC calculation.
So, the Calculation of ROIC of Company ABC will be as follows:
ROIC = Net Operating Profit after Tax Dividends / Total Invested Capital
ROIC =($575,000 – $100,000)
So, Return on Invested Capital will be:
Return on Invested Capital (ROIC) of Company ABC =18.3%
Analysis: The company has a good return capacity. It means to say that if we invest 2.5M in the company, it generates $575K of profit after all tax deductions, with a capacity to repay $100,000 to its stockholders as well.
ROIC Formula – Example #2
Best Paints Ltd. has reported its net profit after taxes as $100,000 in 2017. The total invested capital for the firm is $2,000,000, wherein total debt component is $800,000 and the rest is equity. ROIC calculation for Best Paints and analyze it for investing decisions.
In belowgiven table is the data of Best Paints Ltd for calculation of ROIC Formula.
Therefore, Calculation of (ROIC) Return on Invested Capital of Best Paints Ltd will be as follows,
Return on Invested Capital formula (ROIC)=Net Operating Profit after Tax / Total Invested Capital
ROIC = $100,000 /$2,000,000
So, Return on Invested Capital of Best Paints Ltd will be:
Return on Invested Capital (ROIC) of Best Paints Ltd = 5.0%
Analysis: ROIC for the firm is only 5%. However, it should be noted that the total invested capital of $2M for the year, the major component is equity ($1.2M), with a debt of only $0.8M. Hence, the company would have to repay more to the investors than the debt holders.
ROIC Formula – Example #3
Triumph Solutions makes a net profit of $500,000 in 2015. The total invested capital is $1,800,000 for the year. A legal tax rate is 40%. Calculate the ROIC for Triumph Solutions for 2015.
In belowgiven table is the data of Triumph Solutions for calculation of ROIC Formula.
 Net Profit (before taxes): $500,000
 Total invested capital: $1,800,000
 Tax Rate: 40%
Therefore, Calculation of ROIC of Triumph Solutions will be as follows,
Return on Invested Capital Formula (ROIC)=Net Operating Profit after Tax / Total Invested Capital
ROIC=$500,000 (10.4) / $1,800,000
So, Return on Invested Capital of Triumph Solutions will be:
Return on Invested Capital Formula (ROIC) of Triumph Solutions =16.67%
ROIC Formula Calculator
Net Operating Profit After Tax  
Total Invested Capital  
ROIC Formula =  
ROIC Formula = 


Relevance and Uses of ROIC Formula
ROIC Formula is majorly used while analysts are working on company analysis. Majorly it is relevant for the following uses:
 ROIC Formula is a measure of how well a company can convert its capital into returns. Hence, this ratio helps investors understand returns from their investments.
 With results calculated over a period of time for a particular company, one can follow the company’s growth pattern and use this trending for forecasting the company’s typical plans in the future.
 ROIC sometimes also suggests the capital structure of the company. With the breakup of the total invested capital to equity and debt, one can try to analyze the debt and equity ratio invested by the firm and thereafter understand its related future prospects.
 Analyzing Return on Invested Capital Formula over a period of time can enable the company to understand its growth trend, and likewise make suitable decisions for future investments and/or renewals and liquidation of existing debt components.
Conclusion
Return on Invested Capital Formula is a measure of income generated by a company from its investments. The better the ratio, the better and more profitable it is to invest in the company. However, it is important to understand that the denominator used is “total invested capital”, and not particularly debt or equity. Hence, analyzing the structure of its components would give a much better understanding to investors and analysts. A higher debt component may also mean that the company is using up its debt to generate returns – it may require to repay a higher component of returns to its loans.
Thus, a complete and true understanding of the company’s returns would be only made after each component of numerator and denominator are properly analyzed.
Recommended Articles
This has been a guide to ROIC Formula. Here we discuss the formula to calculate Return on Invested Capital using practical examples and downloadable excel templates. You may learn more about Financial Analysis from the following articles –
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