What Is Markup Percentage?
Markup Percentage is a percentage markup over the cost price to get the selling price and is calculated as a ratio of gross profit to the cost of the unit. In many cases, the companies that sell their products, during the process of decision making for selling price, take the cost price and use a markup, which, in general, is a small factor or a percentage of the cost price, and use that as the profit margin and decide the selling price.
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For eg:
Source: Markup Percentage (wallstreetmojo.com)
Thus, it is basically the difference between the selling price of the product and the services and its cost. Using this method, the business can determine the minimum amount that they can add to the productâ€™s cost to determine its selling price, which will help in earning maximum profit.
Table of contents
Key Takeaways
 Markup percentage refers to the percentage added to the cost price to determine the selling price. It’s calculated as the gross profit ratio to the unit cost.
 Many companies consider the cost price and apply a markup or a percentage of the cost price during the decisionmaking process for the sale price of their products.
 The markup can vary between industries, as it is not static or standardized. Instead, it depends on factors such as the firm’s reputation, customer loyalty to its brand, and the changing costs for a customer from the company’s product to the substitute product.
Markup Percentage Explained
Markup percentage is the cost of the item and the price that the seller will charge from the end user. It can be said to be the ratio of the gross profit of the product to its cost price. It is very useful measure for businesses that sell physical products. But is it not fixed for all companies producing similar products and varies as per the company policies, production method, raw materials, etc.
It is helpful for products with discrete marginal costs because the calculation can be determined better. However, the higher the percentage, the better. So the entity must try to find markup percentage that is higher and try to maintain it. This can be done using two methods, the first is to reduce the cost of the products, and the second is to increase the price.
A business that manufactures its products incurs less cost than the ones that buys its raw materials from retailers because the retailers will sell products after adding their profit. But, again, entities with a lot of competition must keep their prices down to avoid losing customers. Thus, their percentage will be less. They must continuously innovate and grow to keep their place in the competitive market.
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Formula
From the below mentioned formula, let us understand how to calculate markup percentage.
Markup Percentage can be calculated as the gross profit in terms of percentageGross Profit In Terms Of PercentageGross profit percentage is used by the management, investors, and financial analysts to know the economic health and profitability of the company after accounting for the cost of sales. Gross profit percentage formula = Gross profit / Total sales * 100% read more which would be of the cost of the unit and can be represented using the below formula:
Markup Percentage: Gross Profit / Cost of Unit x 100
You are free to use this image o your website, templates, etc, Please provide us with an attribution linkHow to Provide Attribution?Article Link to be Hyperlinked
For eg:
Source: Markup Percentage (wallstreetmojo.com)
Hence, it can state that markup is a difference between the selling price and the cost of service or goods. And when this difference is taken as a percentage of the cost, it will be the markup percentage.
The numerator part of the formula is the margin desired by the business to maximize its profit and stay with competitors’ margin; otherwise, the customer will switch to a competitor who charges less. Therefore, the first step is to calculate the gross marginCalculate The Gross MarginGross Profit Margin is the ratio that calculates the profitability of the company after deducting the direct cost of goods sold from the revenue and is expressed as a percentage of sales. It doesnâ€™t include any other expenses into account except the cost of goods sold.read more, which is nothing but the difference between the sales revenue or the selling price and the cost of goods sold or the cost price per unit.
The second step is to divide the margin or the gross profit by the cost of goods sold, which shall give us the markup percentage. Thus, from the above formula and explanation, we come to know how to calculate markup percentage.
Examples
Letâ€™s see some simple to advanced examples to understand them better.
Example#1
Consider the selling price of a bike is 200,000, and the cost price of the bike is 150,000. You are required to calculate the markup on the bike and markup percentage that the dealer is trying to implement on the same.
Solution:
Use the following data to find markup percentage.
Calculation of markup can be done as follows â€“
Markup = 200000 – 150000
Markup = 50000
So, the calculation of markup percentage can be done as follows â€“
Markup percentage = 50,000 / 150,000 * 100
Example#2
McDonald’s is one of the famous brands in the world that makes hamburgers. Mr. Wyatt, who eats a lot of these hamburgers, is interested in knowing what markup they apply and hence decided to review their income statement. Reviewing its income statement for the quarter ended December 2018, one can observe that for that quarter ended December 2018, it has reported revenue of $5.163 billion. Further, it has reported $2.697 billion as the gross profit. You must calculate the Markup Percentage that McDonald’s is applying to earn and the cost of the goods sold.
Solution:
Use the following data for the calculation of markup percentage.
Calculation of cost of goods sold can be done as follows â€“
Cost of Goods Sold = 5.163 – 2.697
Cost of Goods Sold = 2.466
So, the calculation of markup percentage can be done as follows â€“
Markup Percentage = 2.697 / 2.466 * 100
Example#3
Ankit industries are based out of Surat from Gujarat in India and are operating under the textile business. Simula and the company have been appointed as the Ankit Industries stock auditors. Ankit industries need funds to expand the business and have applied for an overdraft facilityOverdraft FacilityOverdraft is a banking facility that offers shortterm credit to the account holders by allowing them to withdraw money from their savings or current account even if their account balance is or below zero. Its authorized limit differs from customer to customer.read more with the State Bank. State Bank has gone through the application and was surprised to know that it reported a 78% markup margin. Hence, it asked Simula and the company to investigate the number and if a found right bank will fund the 80% of the loan requirement subject to fulfillment of other terms and conditions.
Solution:
Use the following data for the calculation of markup percentage on cost.
Calculation of cost of goods sold can be done as follows â€“
Cost of Goods Sold = 20000000 + 15000000 + 30000000 + 60000000 + 4000000
Cost of Goods Sold = 129000000
Calculation of gross profit can be done as follows â€“
Gross Profit = 229620000 – 129000000
Gross Profit = 100620000
So, the calculation of markup percentage on cost can be done as follows â€“
Markup percentage = 100620000 / 129000000
Calculator
You can use the following calculator to find out the best markup percentage.
Gross Profit  
Cost of Unit  
Markup Percentage Formula =  
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Markup Percentage Formula == 



Benefits
Let us look at the benefits of calculating the best markup percentage.
 Understanding the markupMarkupThe percentage of profits derived over the cost price of the product sold is known as markup. It is determined by dividing the company's total profit by the cost price of the product and multiplying the result by 100.read more is crucial for the firm or the business. For example, establishing the strategy for pricing will be one of the key parts of strategic pricing.
 The markup of a service or good should be enough to offset or say, in order words, to cover up all the business expensesBusiness ExpensesBusiness expenses are those incurred in order to successfully run, operate, and maintain a business. Travel & conveyance, salaries, rent, entertainment, telephone and internet expenses are all examples of business expenses.read more, and it should also be able to generate a profit for the firm or the business.
 Markup can be different for various industries, as the same cannot be static or normal. It would depend upon how good the firm’s reputation is, how loyal their customers are to their brand, switching costsSwitching CostsSwitching cost is the cost suffered by a customer when switching a service, product, or supplier. It includes not only financial costs, but also psychological costs, time costs, and so on.read more for a customer from the company’s product to the supplement product.
 Further, the company’s pricing powerPricing PowerPricing power refers to the power of an entity to choose the desired price for its product or service without the risk of losing its demand or customer base. Generally, it is an attribute of companies that are market leaders or monopolies.read more also helps determine the markup that they desire.
You can download this Excel Template here – Markup Percentage Formula Excel Template
Limitations
The method has some limitations as given below:
 Competitive pricing may not be achieved. The method may suggest a good price for the product but if it is much higher than its competitors then the business will lose customers, bringing down profits.
 The external factors like economic conditions, the demand of the good in the market, change in technology, competition, etc is ignored in this method. These factors are very important while pricing a product because they influence the sales considerably.
 The cost estimation may not be made in an accurate way. This will mislead the entity and the ultimate result will be prices that are either too high or too low for the market to accept.
 The process can become complex if the company has various range of goods and services. It can become difficult to manage and calculate. This will result in incorrect calculation.
 The perception of the customers may vary. They may not be able to link the markup percentage with the cost of producing the good or the market price of the product and service. They may find it unreasonable.
Markup Percentage Vs Margin Percentage
Let us look at the differences between the two topics.
 The markup is based on the productâ€™s cost price whereas the marin is based in the productâ€™s selling price.
 The former is used to calculate how much is to be added to the cost of the goods or services so that the sales is profitable, whereas the margin helps in determining how much profit has been earned from the sale of the product.
 The formula for markup takes in to account the cost in the denominator whereas the formula for margin takes into account the selling price in the denominator.
 The margin percentage is considered to be more dependable and accurate when the profitability of the business is measured.
Thus, the above gives us the details of the differences between the two calculations.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
The initial markup percentage refers to the markup applied to a product when a retailer receives it. This markup is intended to cover the retailer’s overhead costs and generate a profit on the product’s sale. The initial markup percentage can vary depending on factors such as the type of product, the retailer’s pricing strategy, and the market competition level.
The wholesale markup percentage refers to the amount added to the cost price of a product by a wholesaler before it is sold to a retailer. This markup is intended to cover the wholesaler’s overhead costs and generate a profit on the product’s sale.Â
The average markup percentage varies widely depending on the industry and the product or service sold. In general, the markup percentage is calculated by dividing the difference between the selling price and the cost price by the cost price and then multiplying the result by 100.Â
Recommended Articles
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