What is China A-Shares?
China A-shares can be defined as the stock shares of the companies that are based out of China and these shares are traded in Renminbi (the local currency of China) on the two securities exchange market of China that is SZSE (Shenzhen Stock Exchange) and the SSE (Shanghai Stock Exchange).
The efficiency of China A Shares
In the past few years, China has outgrown itself from a developing economy to a developed economyDeveloped EconomyA developed economy is the one that has a high per capita income or per capita GDP, a high degree of industrialization, developed infrastructure, technical advances, and a relatively high rank in human development, health, and education.. It is one of the reasons that has led to a significant rise in the demand for Chinese securities. It is no denial that China is the second-largest securities market in the world. Around 14% of the international stock market is represented by China’s 9 trillion USD securities market.
China’s stock marketStock MarketStock Market works on the basic principle of matching supply and demand through an auction process where investors are willing to pay a certain amount for an asset, and they are willing to sell off something they have at a specific price. can be segmented into the domestic and offshore securities market, i.e., China A-shares and B – shares. China’s 6 trillion USD domestic stock market represents China A-shares, whereas 3 trillion USD offshore stock market represents China B-shares. The efficiency of A-shares accounts for around 65% of the national stock market of China. The companies that have originated and incorporated in China mostly issue these sharesIssue These SharesShares Issued refers to the number of shares distributed by a company to its shareholders, who range from the general public and insiders to institutional investors. They are recorded as owner's equity on the Company's balance sheet..
Why is China A-Shares issued?
Following are a few reasons as to why the entities incorporated in China choose such shares:
- Higher Accessibility: Unlike earlier, It has become more accessible to international investors. It is undoubtedly because the government of China has launched various programs and initiatives through which foreign investors can readily purchase such shares.
- Diversification Feature: The markets are highly diversified because it includes various insurance companies and state-owned banking institutions. Around 9 percent of the China A-share market represents information technology, which is way higher as compared to the U.S. share market.
- Level of Liquidity: These shares offer a higher rate of liquidityLiquidityLiquidity shows the ease of converting the assets or the securities of the company into the cash. Liquidity is the ability of the firm to pay off the current liabilities with the current assets it possesses.. Presently it ranks number two concerning the liquidity provided in the world.
- Value Bargain Factor: As compared to U.S. stocks that are always on high valuations, the domestic stocks of China are regarded as value bargains by the international institutional investorsInstitutional InvestorsInstitutional investors are entities that pool money from a variety of investors and individuals to create a large sum that is then handed to investment managers who invest it in a variety of assets, shares, and securities. Banks, NBFCs, mutual funds, pension funds, and hedge funds are all examples..
Apart from all these efficiencies, it also offers an alternative investment plan for investors planning to trade in Chinese securities.
How to Invest in China A-Shares?
Making investments in international institutional companies is difficult and risky at the same time. The investors might have to face risks of currency, volatility, transparency issues, regulatory issues, war, corruption, and so on. There are various types of logistical challenges, too that are faced by international institutional investors. Purchasing of China A-shares might require international investors to open a brokerage accountBrokerage AccountA brokerage account is a taxable investment account in a brokerage company where a person deposits its assets and instructs the company to trade in shares or bonds on their behalf. In addition, the company deducts some brokerage or commission. and that also, with a company incorporated in China. It might be optional if the U.S. brokerage account of the foreign investor permits so. International institutional investors can even purchase shares in an exchange-traded fundExchange-traded FundAn exchange-traded fund (ETF) is a security that contains many types of securities such as bonds, stocks, commodities, and so on, and that trades on the exchange like a stock, with the price fluctuating many times throughout the day when the exchange-traded fund is bought and sold on the exchange. or ETF to invest in such shares.
Following are the few steps with which an international investor can invest-
- Find out the stocks that are available and suitable.
- Get in touch with a broker or an investment service for the purchase.
- Buy China A-shares
Difference between China A Shares and B Shares
- One of the significant differences between China A-shares and China B – shares is that the former is expressed in the local currency of China, which is RMB or the Renminbi for valuation purposes. In contrast, the latter is expressed in international currencies like U.S. dollars for the purpose of valuation.
- The availability of A-shares to international investors is fewer as compared to the availability of B-shares.
- On the other hand, the availability of China A-shares to local or Chinese investors shall be higher as compared to the availability of B-shares.
- It is not easy for local or Chinese investors to trade in China B-shares, and the most probable reason behind the same could be the reasons pertaining to currency exchange. Similarly, international investors might find it challenging to trade in A-shares due to the regulations imposed by the Chinese government.
- China A-equity holders are domestic investors, whereas China B-equity holders are international investors.
China A-shares are the shares of companies that are originated and incorporated in China. These shares are traded on the 2 securities exchange of China – Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE) and Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) securities market.
These shares are the local or domestic shares of China since these are traded in the Renminbi or RMB that happens to be the local currency of China. It is highly efficient as these are diversified, highly accessible, and carries the right amount of value bargain factor for international institutional investors. Besides, these shares carry a high level of liquidity as compared to other classes of Chinese shares.
A-shares are different from B-shares as the former is traded in the local currency of China while the latter is traded in international currencies. Unlike A-shares, B-shares are not regarded as domestic shares since the latter is traded in the foreign stock market, and the former is traded in the domestic stock market of China.
This article has been a guide to what is China A Shares and its definition. Here we discuss efficiency and how to invest in China A-Shares. You can learn more about accounting and financing from the following articles –